ET UFOS and The Psychic Awakenings of our Sixth Sense.
Our Exoteric from Esoteric Behavior
We are about to enter the new part of our understanding of the “Wakeup Call” for our own spiritual souls. We will be learning about Robotoids in space and on earth.
The same goes for esoteric and exoteric. Esoteric is understood by only a few while exoteric is readily understood as commonplace of known among the common folk.
We will be learning to accept our spirits as the part of us that can discern.
Angels from Demons of our ancestors is a way to share Aliens vs. ET in a good and bad way.
We may have to include the future humanoids of those with a soul and those without a soul.
Polyverse Yin and Yang Omniverse Order of Time Travel. We also have a Yin and Yang inside our own selves as well as the power to discern the finite difference. We may now have to know how to observe a humanoid on earth with and without a soul due to rRobotoids. We will now begin to know more of other humanoids besides our own kind.
The Greys and Nordics are said to be in an alliance for the good of all of us with a soul.
There are many who are expected to return to earth without a soul as we know it to be.
The term “polyverse” being used with a different meaning. Let me share some of the background leading to why our sharing the future in space is so important among our ET UFO Community.
It is said that the Nordics are an entirely separate race from these Greys and each are created in another universal order. Some believe they are simply from another galaxy in this universe. Some believe they are from another dimension and travel with worm whole technology in the alliance with the Nordics.
It was my understanding that their planet was erased or nearly wiped out. There were some traveling in space and when they returned to their planet all had been killed and it was suspected this other warring bunch who look like the Warf Wolf Types were who wiped out there planet with their killing technology.
Some of the stories of old explain that some other galaxies in this universe and in others can travel in a way that is faster than what we call light speed in the wormholes. We are not sure about the center of our own Galaxy at this time but it is said there is a black hole in the middle of our Milky Way Galaxy.
It is suspected that when our Galaxy aligns with others that there is a place in space for these other Space Travelers to access in what we call our own reality in time.
We suspect that our ancestors on earth knew this and programmed these times, which align with our star systems in the heavens. This could be why all the excitement about 2012 besides the fact that many of us believe in the advancement of the ascension center enlightenment of our soul expansion.
We are programmed to believe that many of us will upgrade to the next level in our own DNA/RNA levels and some of what we presently call trash in our DNA will be able to use parts of the unknown in our own existence to connect to our souls.
Here on earth we are lead to believe our soul is our spirit. Now, what I have learned due to the Quantum Entanglement and my own personal experiences is that we are all the double of ourselves inside a parallel universe. This explains the twin flame and our connection to a higher self.
One might ask what the correlation is between ET UFOS and Psychic Awakening. This is something I personally take for granted based on experiences.
I have always accepted that ET UFOS are real and that alien civilizations exist. However, coming out and admitting this to the public as a writer was another story.
How I decided to do this was part of my own psychic awakening.
I was the founder of the first Ascension Center in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1989.
I had been teaching Psychics and doing readings since 1984 in Houston, Texas before I joined the military and civil service. It was because of my beliefs that I joined the military and civil service and why I quit.
There are many in the ET UFO Community that do collect photos from all over the Internet and put them in their photo bucket or some such place. Some redistribute them on their own blogs and websites. There are more and more individuals cropping up all over the web who do this. You Tube has many videos on ET UFOS in flight, and some are considered in a natural and real environment and others are said to be concocted or created.
There is also talk and videos of crop circles in the world, and the same story goes for them. Some are seen as real and natural while others are said to be concocted and manmade or created by humans. There are pros and cons on most all crop circles. Still this is a topic of paranormal interest and is classified in the psychic phenomena and mysterious.
We each can think of various topics, keywords, and categories of interest. There are many people who follow Google and have certain keywords posted in order to receive news on these topics from Google. Google has become an important part of the ET UFO Community. I have taught myself how to learn of certain topics via Google. These anyone can use and they are called Google Alerts. These let me know when my articles are posted on various other websites. Most should link back and reciprocate to my websites, as it should be since they are using my articles as their content.
The websites that share my articles such as UFO Digest and the family of American Chronicle news magazines around the world are sharing my articles, which share my ET UFO Psychic Awakening articles.
This is how these two topics of ET UFO and Psychic Awakening pertain to each other where I am concerned. Also, there is a larger picture in which the spiritual and scientific exploration of where we came from, whom we are, and where we are going when we leave this earth comes into play.
This is part of my journey in this lifetime. I chose to share my belief systems in this lifetime through sharing my personal experiences and incorporating them into writing. This is something that I had to do in order to understand. I have returned to educate myself in college courses of history, writing, and humanities. We all need to retool in this life.
The knowledge we all receive at birth to many are considered natural gifts that we are born with and blessed with. Some see these particular parts of us, which are given but not accepted by others as a blessing, and others see them as a curse.
We are redefining what enlightenment in spirituality truly can be in this evolving world that we call home.
Many in the last two years since January 2007 have been awakening their own true spirits. We are seeing more people who once only thought of themselves as worthy of living if they could define their self worth in the stock market or on gains on Wall Street. Now, those who have seen the almost crash of the world’s monetary systems unfold in 2008, there are many who are looking to find more spiritual meaning to life.
Some of us, who were drawn to the Age of Aquarius, the New Age, and now the Ascension Age of 2012, in the esoteric and occult wisdoms chose to share various books, classes, seminars, and expos dealing with Whole Life.
We now have many UFO Expos and Conventions around the world. There are various ways to share the future and our ET UFO studies, as well as, our Psychic Awareness. There are groups meeting to study extra sensory perception (ESP) and the PSI-Phenomena. This is all part of our future on earth that is changing how we perceive and view our reality.
There is coming and it is advisable to learn what all the publicity is about dealing with the sixth sense and utilizing all five levels of the mind.
Studying our history allows us to know who we have been in our past on earth. However, there are some errors made with our past historical records. This will become clear as we learn more about our science and spirituality.
I am one who believes that we should all consider sharing our practical knowledge in e-books or books in digital format, as well as, traditional books. Traditional books are made as hard covers, USA Trade, paperbacks, and other various sizes and covers with thousands of publishers. Part of our privilege of being awake and aware of the esoteric and occult wisdoms is to make them available to all seekers. This part of life is taking hold in the ET UFO Global Community.
A holistic process shares evolution to transcend and include increasing consciousness and intrinsic values. In the ET UFO Psychic Awakening process, we call Ascension Age, we use new models.
We use altruism, cooperation, and symbiosis. The founder of General Evolution Research Group, and author Ervin Laszlo argues that the process of emergence of increased consciousness and intelligence is in line with ancient wisdom in the “A-field.” This is what we have always referred to in the esoteric occult ancient mystery schools as the Akashic Field. The “A” in Ervin Laszlo’s A Field stands for the Indian philosophy for etheric dimension from which all elements arise. He also asserts that the vacuum physics prove the existence of the mystical realm.
I am in agreement with most of what Ervin Laszlo is providing in his “Theory of Everything.” He and I both agree on the ancient wisdoms of the past and have combined both the Eastern and Western philosophies. We both share wisdom with science and spirituality to instruct and teach the all-new Ascension Age of December 21, 2012, T. 11:11. This is the new “Theory of Everything” to be explained via the DNA shift in Stellar Space and the Space Time Continuum. How this affects the neutrinos from certain stellar bodies exploding and becoming something else in space is also how we will learn to define ourselves and our new ways of life on earth.
This is going to be seen also as a way in life to share with others that we refer to as extraterrestrials who command the spacecraft not of earth origin some still refer to as UFOS and flying saucers.
I hope this assists some to understand more about where we are headed with our future regarding science and spirituality. This will be better accepted in the UFO and New Age Community as they combine their spiritual efforts to include all beings in the Global Community and to educate everyone about the word exo as simply “Outside Of” that which we now accept as normal.
We must learn how to discern with our soul level that we call spirit while on earth. TJ
We may be sharing the same words by various terms among the various writers. Sometimes, I believe I am the original responsible first person to dream up some thought then after I write a story, I begin researching and find that on the Internet in the Web that there are many people exploring the same train of thought and thread. It is amazing to me that we are on the same wavelengths. It is no coincidence however. The world repeats certain energy time after time.
The definition in the post is, in Max Tegels taxonomy, a Level I multiverse. Such a universe is generally predicted by cosmic inflation theories.
Some string theories allow gravity to work across branes, but unless information exchange is possible then it still would classify as a multiverse.
A Polyverse, on the other hand, allows interaction between the universes. They would allow things like time travel and meeting an alternate you in an alternate reality etc.
Another way of putting it is that a multiverse has parallel realities while a polyverse has interconnected realities. An omniverse has branching realities.
Omniverse is the “ALL” of our interdimensional minds while on earth with our critical thinking techniques for academia.
Action Team: Special Galactic Federation crews trained to complete specific task as quickly and as efficiently as possible. Divine Intervention: Sacred God-granted mass landing operation of the Galactic Federation and the Angelic Realms. Being done through divine grace to return God’s WILL to planet Earth, and to give the gift of full consciousness to Mother Earth’s children.
Evacuation Scenario: Special operation that is precursor to mass landing operation. Will be used to quickly evacuate Earth-dwellers who live in regions exposed to catastrophes created by the coming Earth changes. Specially-created Galactic Federation action teams will successfully carry out this procedure. Fluid Management: Primary organizing axiom of the Galactic Federation. Such full conscious organizations are non-hierarchical and goal-oriented. Rely mainly on talents, leadership and accord of its members.
Galactic Federation: Light union created over four million years ago by various stellar civilizations in this galaxy. Divine purpose: to act as Physical Angels needed to carry out divine fate prophesied long ago for Milky Way Galaxy. Governing Council: Main ruling body of a planet, solar system or star league. Governed by the principles of fluid management. At present, over 200,000 such organizations are members of the Galactic Federation. Liaison Team: Special team whose major purpose is to relay precious communications between groups and to enable different groups to work more efficiently and more harmoniously together.
Light Chambers: Specially-modified devices that will be used to accelerate procedures needed to turn a “star seed” into fully conscious Galactic Human in matter of minutes. Located aboard star ships in Galactic Federation’s mass landing fleet. Will be used a few hours before the mass evacuations and/or the actual mass landing occur.
Main Federation Council: Principle governing body of the Galactic Federation. Located in the Vega star system. Works on the principle of one vote per member-star system or star league. Mass Landings: Operation by the Galactic Federation and the Spiritual Hierarchy. Designed to peaceably land important elements of the Galactic Federation and the Angelic Realms upon Mother Earth. Such elements as counselors, special liaison and action teams will assist birth of new galactic society and coming of full consciousness to Earth’s human population.
Science and Exploration Teams: Main Galactic Federation space fleets designed to explore this galaxy. Specific mission is to encounter and continually investigate less-advanced planetary civilizations in this galaxy.
When they find a stellar society that meets Galactic Federation’s criteria, they embark upon first contact mission that will lead this stellar civilization into full membership in the Galactic Federation.
Subterranean Holographic Environment:
Special underground facilities, based on advanced light technology, which will closely resemble and vastly improve upon humans’ present living environment. Fully capable of handling and surviving any type of natural Earth catastrophe.
Will become permanent residences after mass landings are completed.
(OMNI) THE ALL = A WORK IN PROGRESS AS THE EXPANSION OF THE ALL AND THROUGH THE UNKNOWN ALL AS THE OMNI – Omnificent all being. Lies outside of the known and unknown of all. The Total existence that includes the Universes inside the Metaverses inside the Xenoverses, inside the Omniverse. Accepting the global future will require a Leap of Faith for all humankind in realizing that we are all to become aware of our destiny in joining all other sentient intelligent being species in this universe.
Our universe is only one of many in the metaverse, which is encased in one of the many branes that is made up of many parallel universes that are tacked up and down and side by side that make up the Xenoverse inside the Omniverse. We might suggest that we begin counting with our own point of origin as one universe. This is one dimensional thinking so to speak. Take this into a larger dimension say two dimensional and this gives us the metaverse which houses all the various branes that are billowing as sails in an ancient xenoverse.
The Xenoverse of the unknown brings us into a third dimension that allows us to recognize other parallel universes inside the metaverses. These cross over each other like a fine patch work quilt among all time in space-time of which the time lords of the fourth dimension will come to be known.
The Omniverse is the Omni as we know it to be the “All” or what this world once thought of us the ultimate in everything that at one time in manmade religions was referred to as GOD.
We now are taught by higher supreme beings that God has always been and there are always older and much wiser races than the one’s we stumble upon or across throughout space-time with those who cross boundaries in the rifts of the branes in the metaverse.
Hierarchy within the Omniverse Universe:
The inside description of a context that is relative in size/structure (attributes/modes) to the known universe that we inhabit. A Universe, also known as a Cosmos, is a particular individual space-time organization with a specified number of dimensions of space and time and definite and specific laws of physics.
Other Universes (other Cosmoses) may have different numbers of dimensions of space and time and different laws of physics than our own Universe (Cosmos). Multiverse: The part of infinity, that directly joins a given universe with all possible configurations of that universe.
Metaverse: In string theory, the part that is along with, after; over also denoting change in the multiverse that houses the branes or film that each universe is said to be attached to and hang like individual sheets in a hyper magnetic wave with rhythms of hyper cosmic strings going up and down that has a third element causing up, down, backwards, forwards, motions inside the Xenoverse.
Note: In computer science, a metaverse is a virtual reality simulation based on the physical reality of a single individual universe, but one or more levels of implementation above it. It is conceived that it will be possible in forthcoming centuries to create such simulations using massive arrays of Matrioshka brains and Jupiter brains.
Xenoverse: the unknown alien elements that are beyond and part of the metaverse and multiverse structure. Compared to a patchwork quilt hanging on a line to dry in space that is multivariate inside the Omniverse. While Omniverse is said to be the outside ring of all that is known, the xenoverse is the inside the hyperactive macrocosm that is unknown beyond the metaverse—the unknown sets of laws that govern how branes behave to create multiverses.
Omniverse: All possible attributes and modes are in play, multiverses are categorized by the attributes/modes active in its child universes. Some or all-possible modes of existence are actualized. If we take the point of origin as our being as a point in measurement, then we can generate the following hierarchy: 1. our location in space-time, 2. this universe (cosmos), 3. the multiverse, 4. the metaverse, 5. the xenoverse, 6. The Omniverse.
Allegorical illustrations of the concept
One can think of the Omniverse as a tree structure: the Omniverse is the trunk, each multiverse is a branch, and each universe is a leaf.
Alternatively, the Omniverse can be illustrated as a forest, a multiverse is a tree in the forest, a universe as a branch on that tree, and all further branches and leaves are further subset horizons within that universe.
Physicists such as Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose have suggested that universes both fork and combine, which could be visualized as more of a system of roads and pathways.
The Omniverse itself is perfectly constructed to answer the question… “What If?” It is reasonable to assume that to answer this question the creation of an infinite number of Multiverses would be required. What is the difference between each Multiverse? could be a grain of sand… could be an atom… could even be sub-atomic and when you consider just how many atoms make up a grain of sand… you begin to understand that there will be a whole almost infinite Multiverses that differ so very slightly from our own.
End of infinity In some views, the number of Omniverse subsets possible is finite. Given that, Omniverse is the largest set conceptualized by man; such a view is sometimes called “the end of infinity”. From this frame of reference, it is possible that even if each multiverse had completely different laws of physics, and the amount of possibilities went off in the most unlikely directions, there would be a limit and an end to the amount of possibilities.
This view is founded in a theory of the Omniverse splintering into universe, multiverse, many-worlds interpretation, M-theory, parallel universe, possible worlds, and so on. Etymologically, the term “universe” is meant to refer to the entirety of one reality. Omni- is a prefix meaning “all”, making the Omniverse encompasses all possible universes, unlike the multiverse that can encompass any two or more universes with the same set of laws and constants.
Some of the stories of old may have real meaning to us if we share our ancient alien artifacts.
Nammu In Sumerian mythology , Nammu (more properly Namma http://www. … If the Babylonia n creation myth Enûma Elish is based on a Sumerian myth, …2 KB (221 words) – 20:13, 26 September 2010E-sara Universe”), was the temple dedicated to Inanna in Uruk by Ur-Nammu . In the EnumaElish , E-sara was created by Marduk at the end of …671 B (89 words) – 11:44, 16 April 2009
“Scepter.2C_throne.2C_and_ring:_Enuma_Elish”Scepter, throne, and ring: Enuma Elish) The most elaborate depiction is found on the Ur-Nammu -stela, where … Scepter, throne, and ring: Enuma Elish : The myth of Inanna ‘s descent to …4 KB (682 words) – 08:26, 20 November 2009Mesopotamian mythology The universe first appeared when Nammu , a presumably formless abyss …According to the Babylon ian Enuma Elish , the primary union divided …9 KB (1,206 words) –
16:16, 17 October 2010Tiamatsome Akkadian copyists of Enûma Elish substituted the ordinary word … have begun as part of the cult of Nammu , a female principle of a watery …11 KB (1,642 words) – 15:39, 14 October 2010É (temple)File:E-bitu Cuneiform. svg | Cuneiform É sign É is the Sumerian word or symbol for “house” or “temple “, written ideographically with the …9 KB (25 words) – 13:35,
20 September 2010AbzuHis wife Damgalnuna , his mother Nammu , his advisor Isimud and a … the EnûmaElish , taken from the library of Assurbanipal (c 630 BCE) …3 KB (377 words) – 08:03, 28 July 2010Anua myth. In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyria ns and Babylonian s, Anu (also An; (from Sumerian An.7 KB (19 words) – 17:00,
7 October 2010EnkiIn the later Babylonian epic Enûma Eliš , Abzu, the “begetter of the … In another even older tradition, Nammu , the goddess of the primeval …25 KB (3,952 words) – 12:59, 24 October 2010Uruksome mythological concepts from Enuma Elish , perhaps involving … The ziggurat is also cited as Ur-Nammu Ziggurat for its builder Ur-Nammu …37 KB (5,478 words) – 11:14, 21 October 2010UniverseImage:Song of Ur-Nammu AO5378 mp3h9129. … god — as from Tiamat in the Babylon ian epic Enuma Elish or from the giant Ymir in Norse mythology …90 KB (12,375 words) – 15:19, 22 October 2010Akkadian language
Development : (see Code of Ur-Nammu .) The Middle Babylonian (or Assyrian) …Verbal morphology Verb aspects: Enûma Elish (ca. 18th century BCE) …68 KB , 24 October 2010
Blyth, Elizabeth (2006). Karnak: Evolution of a Temple. London: Routledge. p. 15.
Lacau & Chevrier 1969
Lacau, P &, Chevrier, H. (1969). Une Chapel de Sesostris 1er. Service
des Antiquities, Cairo.Papyrus Harris I is also known as the Great Harris Papyrus and (less accurately) simply the Harris Papyrus (though there are a number of other papyri in the Harris collection). Its technical designation is Papyrus British Museum 9999. At 41 metres long, it is “the longest known papyrus from Egypt, with some 1,500 lines of text.”  It was found in a tomb near Medinet Habu, across the Nile river from Luxor, Egypt, and purchased by collector Anthony Charles Harris(1790-1869) in 1855; it entered the collection of the British Museum in 1872.
The hieratic text of the papyrus consists of a list of temple endowments and a brief summary of the entire reign of king Ramesses III of the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt.
Its historical section mentions that Setnakhte, Ramesses III’s father and predecessor, restored order and stability to Egypt after a time of internal civil conflict. Ramesses III himself reorganized the state bureaucracy and the army. He fought wars against the Peoples of the Sea and claims to have subdued them and made them subjects of Egypt. The Edomites too were subjugated. In the west he stopped the incursions of the Libyans and Meshwesh and settled them in the western Nile delta.
His economic activities included the digging of a great well at Ayan, an expedition to Punt, an ill defined region in the Horn of Africa, the importation of copper from Atika, and an expedition to the Sinai peninsula which returned with precious stones. Improving the quality of life of the ordinary Egyptian he had trees planted for shade, he protected women so they might go freely wherever they wanted, and, when Egypt was at peace, its foreign mercenaries lived with their families in garrison towns. Overall, he was convinced of having greatly bettered the lot of all inhabitants of Egypt, natives or foreigners. 
The text itself was composed during the reign of Ramesses IV, Ramesses III’s son and successor. 
We shall always strive to know the ones who are individual microcosms inside the “ALL” which we consider the Omniverse as truth of the Omnipotent Omnipresence for those who still believe in God on this planet. The future will expand to include the God Mother of the Omniverse as the Yin and Yang of the positive and negative energy flow of all universes that are inside the Metaverse of the Omniverse.
A Reblog on what I thought was some of my own personal knowing thoughts.
Monoverse, Polyverse, Omniverse
Steve Luttrell wandered through and left three great comments to three different posts. One is a book recommendation, which I hope to get and review sometime. Another is an astute question about “observers,” which is way over my head.
His third comment asks: “Are these the only two alternative possibilities? Do you really need a multiverse to overwhelm the small probability of life within each separate monoverse?” Then he apologizes for asking questions instead of providing answers.
I don’t have answers either, but I have something that makes it a little easier to ask questions: a glossary. Here it is:
Monoverse: a reality where time has a beginning and is linear and physical constants are the same throughout space. By definition, there is only one monoverse.
Polyverse: a reality where time is linear but space may be discontinuous, with different physical constants in different regions. These different regions “bubble” off into separate monoverses. The number of bubbles may be finite or countably infinite.
Cycloverse: a reality were time is linear but space keeps collapsing and exploding again with new physical constants in each cycle. There is a countably infinite number of such cycles.
Omniverse: a reality where time branches into separate timelines at every quantum possibility. David Deutsch writes about this option in The Fabric of Reality. There is an uncountable infinity of timelines in an omniverse.
It should be impossible to directly detect what kind of a universe we live in, but the so-called “anthropic principle” provides some indirect evidence that is worth considering. Martin Rees explains the odds against having the physical constants that we do in Just Six Numbers. In my opinion, we can rule out a purely materialistic monoverse on statistical grounds.
A cycloverse or polyverse should randomly produce a space-time with the right physical constants for biological life. The “weak anthropic principle” would then be sufficient to explain why the universe seems to be “fine tuned” for our existence. If it weren’t just right, we wouldn’t be here to notice.
If the weak anthropic principle is sufficient to explain the observable evidence, then there is no reason to look to God or the omniverse for answers. But does the weak anthropic principle do the job? Posted by A Future Metaphysician at 11:21 AM Copyright TJ Morris tm ACIR sm TJ Morris Publishing Theresa J Thurmond Morris Copyright OwnerWe blend in well with the rest of the world as we join in the global brain was the evolution of the mass mind including topics from the 20th century Big Bang Theory and Divine Creation Theory to that of the new Ascension Age of Enlightenment of the 21st century. There are those who shall enter a time when the divine providence of all creation will finally become a conscious part of all of us being that science actually was formed out of philosophy as etymology is traced along with our history on earth. It is time we know more, and do more to define our new cultural age of information that some of us all realize is about the shift and uplift of our own consciousness as humankind. Therefore, those of us who have time to think and ponder that which makes this world a working world as one planet among the many of this galaxy know that we are all simply one microcosm in the larger macrocosm. We are all humanoid citizens in the entire scheme of life in the larger picture. This picture we can now share as the universe, Multiverse, Metaverse, Xenoverse, and Omniverse. We are all going to be challenged to look outside of our own lives, our own planet, galaxy, and universe to become awakened and aware of the vastness of the levels and dimensions that are inside the entire macrocosm we call the entire Omniverse. I am glad I came to this planet and shared a life that was as natural and normal as any other human being all the time knowing that I had another life in another galaxy called Andromeda. Stay tuned for the future history and stories in the “TAKEN UP” series. TJ ENTREPRENEURSHIP ASCENSION CENTER Writing – How To BOOKS PUBLISHING ET SPIRIT TAKEN UP ETYMOLOGY ONTOLOGY METAPHYSICS QUANTUM PHYSICS FUTURE TIME SPACE TIME DIMENSIONS BRAIN TRAINING LIFE CHANGE LIFE CHALLENGES EXPLORATIONS SCIENCE DISCOVERIES MYSTERIES NEWS REVIEWS STORAGE SECURITY DESKTOPS/NOTEBOOKS MOBILITY CLOUD COMPUTING BIZ ADVISOR BLOGS WHITE PAPERS WEBCASTS Virtualization• Web Services• Infrastructure• Enterprise Apps• Smarter Technology• Videos• Slideshows• All Industry Topics Future Careers and Jobs Multiverse Terms and Symposium Outline This would require adding one time dimension plus one space dimension, giving nature 11 space and two time dimensions. The Two-Time Physics version of M theory would have a total of 13 dimensions. Glossary of Terms Some of the terms and expressions used in the field of Theoretical Physicsare as follows: The Great Recession Continues:Double Dip is Here… (Photo credit: MyEyeSees) Big Bang: The term is used to refer to the singularity at the beginning of our universe. The Big Bang theory explains how the universe is expanding from its initial state. Big Crunch: This is one possible fate for the universe among many, where the whole universe collapses to a singularity. Black Hole: A region of space-time that is bended inward due to the extreme force of gravity. It traps anything even light that passes its event horizon. Cosmic Strings: These are different objects from strings in string theories. Cosmic strings are theoretical objects that have been developed at the beginning phase of the universe. Extremely long and narrow but massive, they could be stretched across the universe. Cosmology: Study of the cosmos that deals with the origin and the fate of the universe. Dark Energy: A hypothetical type of energy that fills the empty space. Together with dark matter they form about 75% of the matter/energy of the universe. Dark Matter: A kind of matter that cannot be seen directly and its composition is unknown. However, its gravitational effect can be measured. It is estimated that up to 90% of the mass in our universe is made of dark matter. Entropy: A measure of the disorder or chaos of a closed system. Exotic Material: Hypothetical material inside of a wormhole which has negative average energy density. Flatness Problem: One of the three problems associated with the standard models of cosmology. The problem has to do with the basic question, why the universe is close to being spatially flat. General Theory of Relativity: It formulates how gravity bends space-time and it is used to explain and understand the large-scale structure of the universe. Holographic Principle: The information about the quantum states of a system is contained on the surface area of the system. Horizon Problem: One of the three problems associated with the standard models of cosmology. The problem has to do with the large-scale uniformity of the universe. Inflationary Cosmology: A theory of cosmology which is not part of the standard models of cosmology. It states that the universe went through exponential expansion very early after the big bang. The Knot Theory: A branch of mathematics that is used in quantum gravity theories. M-Theory: A theory that unifies five different versions of the string theories and super gravity together, all under one single framework. Magnetic Monopole: A single hypothetical magnetic pole. Monopoles have not been detected yet. Maxwell’s Equations: Four equations developed by J. C. Maxwell that unified electricity and magnetism. Multiverse: This term is used to refer to Multi-Universes. Planck Length: A quantity associated with quantum gravity. It is about 10-35 cm. Planck Mass: A quantity associated with quantum gravity. It is about 10-8 kg. Planck Time: A quantity associated with quantum gravity. It is the time it takes for light to travel a Planck length interval which is about 10-34 seconds. Quantum Cosmology: A branch of cosmology that uses the laws of quantum mechanics to study the cosmos. Quantum Gravity: A theory that unifies relativity with quantum mechanics under one single framework. It has not been tested. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy is always greater than or equal to zero. Entropy cannot decrease. Singularity: A point in space-time where its curvature becomes infinite. Big Bang is an example of a singularity. Smoothness Problem: One of the three problems associated with the standard models of cosmology. The problem has to do with the basic question why the matter is uniformly distributed in the universe.