New Age – Ascension Age – Golden Age Cosmology – Ace Folklife – History

ACE FOLKLIFE – ASCENSION AGE – GOLDEN AGE OF COSMOLOGY – OMG WWJD FOR REAL?
By: Theresa J. Morris

I would like to introduce that expansion of our minds we may regard as outside of the ALIEN ET BOX. That which we can share as outside of this Omniverse as the ET Creator Deities also known as ALPHA and OMEGA or the Beginning and End. We have all heard of the seven (7) heavens or have we? Universe, Multiverse, Metaverse, Xenoverse, Omniverse, Alphaverse, Omegaverse. The Golden Age of Cosmology is shared with the ACE Folklife common folk of the world.

One may have noticed that the “COMMON FOLK” are those who are in the streets these days uniting for common causes. It is said that there are only 10% classed as the wealthiest in the world while the other 90% is not. Does that mean that there is no middle ground for the middle class?

We share the planet as humanoid sentient intelligent beings and we are all considered one species. Why is it that there has been allowed in the past the corporations with their investors to believe that their CEO should make 550 times that of the common employee? It is not fair and there has to be some changes made in the world of corporate power and greed.

We believe in the social entrepreneurs of the social networks. We also know that it is entrepreneurs of the world that learn to find their passion, go out to create a better world with products and services, find their teams and groups to work on their new projects to be called corporations then go out and find their investors as angels for their investment capital. This is the way it has always been since the world decided to revolve around corporations and then came the stock markets.The alleged oldest commercial corporation in the world, the Stora Kopparberg mining community in Falun, Sweden, obtained a charter from King Magnus Eriksson in 1347. Many European nations chartered corporations to lead colonial ventures, such as theDutch East India Company or the Hudson’s Bay Company, and these corporations came to play a large part in the history of corporate colonialism.
Source(s):
Copied from Wikipedia – link here : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation#History

Now, we can share the future Ascension Age as the Golden Age of Cosmology and the NEW AGE ACE FOLKLIFE will share our cultural refinements that include the changes to be made in politics and religions. We are seeing a major change among the common folk all over the world.

We are now going to be able to assist the third world countries and many of our churches are about feeding the hungry and educating those who are unable to find education in their lives. This is a time that our fellowship organizations can step up and be counted as the good Samaritans and ask themselves for real what would Jesus do?

ALPHA & OMEGA SYNERGY ENERGY FOR OUR ASCENSION AGE (Golden Age Cosmology)
We all are experiencing our past, present, future as the IMMORTALS of our SOULS!
Those who I am finding out on earth that are humanoids have large holes in their education about who they are, why there are here, what they are to explore, and what will happen to them when they leave earth.

Therefore, I am inclined to share what was sent to me as inspired thoughts about the ASCENSION CENTER and the symbol. For those who believe in ALIENS and ET one might believe that I am a messenger. I believe I am based on my past life and death experiences in this lifetime and my memories of reincarnation. I share what I can as what is now referred to as a Spiritual Teacher or Spiritual Guide. Some believe that Avatars are reincarnated spirits and I tend to agree. There are spiritual avatars and internet avatars and in some ways we are similar. Please share this article with those who believe in the Alien ET Ascension Age. Some of us don’t only believe but we know of our existence as those who are to share parts of ourselves. We know that something wonderful is happening and occurring right now today as in the PRESENT!

We who are called PSYCHICS and REMOTE VIEWERS have all learned to astral travel in a manner of speaking. We can share the various time frames and dimensions we share in space that we call the cosmos. I shall end this with a quote of Carl Sagan’s Cosmos but please take the time to read this article and copy it to your “Hidden Archive Treasure FILES”.

 We are all “IMMORTAL SOULS”  – Ascension Center Organization teachers the continuous process of the expansion of our souls creations. Theresa (Tara) J. Thurmond Morris – Founder of Ascension, ET Spirit, TJ
Alien to our own way of thinking is that which we call the God force also known as the God Particle or ET particle in the cosmos. We of the world that are sharing the word “FUTURISTS” as “SEERS” also enjoy knowing that we can use our “Screen of the mind” or our “PSYCHE”.
I have shared a part of me in three (3) as that which has my signature on what we call creation of websites on the Internet Online which is our cyberspace reality in the cosmos.
1. AscensionCenter.org, 2. ETSpirit.org, 3. TJMorris.org as my contribution to our future Esprit de Corps. I  am choosing to share that which I would normally place on these websites as that which also should be welcomed by Dirk Vander Ploeg of UFO Digest.com.
We share our thoughts and creations on earth and welcome all others who desire to link to us and our creations as websites in cyberspace. Virtual reality is one layer of our existence.

Submitted by Theresa J. Thur… on Sun, 10/23/2011 – 15:35
I would like to introduce that expansion of our minds we may regard as outside of the ALIEN ET BOX. That which we can share as outside of this Omniverse as the ET Creator Deities also known as ALPHA and OMEGA or the Beginning and End. We have all heard of the seven (7) heavens or have we? Those who I am finding out on earth that are humanoids have large holes in their education about who they are, why there are here, what they are to explore, and what will happen to them when they leave earth. Therefore, I am inclined to share what was sent to me as inspired thoughts about the ASCENSION CENTER and the symbol. For those who believe in ALIENS and ET one might believe that I am a messenger. I believe I am based on my past life and death experiences in this lifetime and my memories of reincarnation. I share what I can as what is now referred to as a Spiritual Teacher or Spiritual Guide. Some believe that Avatars are reincarnated spirits and I tend to agree. There are spiritual avatars and internet avatars and in some ways we are similar. Please share this article with those who believe in the Alien ET Ascension Age. Some of us don’t only believe but we know of our existence as those who are to share parts of ourselves. We know that something wonderful is happening and occurring right now today as in the PRESENT!

We who are called PSYCHICS and REMOTE VIEWERS have all learned to astral travel in a manner of speaking. We can share the various time frames and dimensions we share in space that we call the cosmos. I shall end this with a quote of Carl Sagan’s Cosmos but please take the time to read this article and copy it to your “Hidden Archive Treasure FILES”. We are all “IMMORTAL SOULS” TJ

Alien to our own way of thinking is that which we call the God force also known as the God Particle or ET particle in the cosmos. We of the world that are sharing the word “FUTURISTS” as “SEERS” also enjoy knowing that we can use our “Screen of the mind” or our “PSYCHE”.

I have shared a part of me in three (3) as that which has my signature on what we call creation of websites on the Internet Online which is our cyberspace reality in the cosmos.

1. AscensionCenter.org, 2. ETSpirit.org, 3. TJMorris.org as my contribution to our future Esprit de Corps.

I  am choosing to share that which I would normally place on these websites as that which also should be welcomed by Dirk Vander Ploeg of UFO Digest.com.
We share our thoughts and creations on earth and welcome all others who desire to link to us and our creations as websites in cyberspace. Virtual reality is one layer of our existence.
It is time we all gravitate toward our other selves as real-time Avatars in Cyberspace in the WEB online. We are all now realizing we are much more than our physical selves. We can create our thoughts into websites and blogs in space that is electronically engineered in cyberspace that we call the Web on the Internet online. Things are changing and so are we.

Please READ the FOLLOWING in it’s entirety in order to understand more about the PAST-PRESENT-FUTURE of all of us!
That which claims to be both politics and religion are changing in this world and we the people as the common folk are the reason. We can see that the world we live that includes television and the entertainment media is changing along with us. We have interests and now the Internet is recording our interests and our involvement with our Internet is now being archived not only as common groups with similar interests but as individuals. This is also done in space by those we call “ALIENS” and “ET”.
GET READY FOR THE ASCENSION AGE!
THE COSMOS
“I am that I AM” is a famous saying. We can all say and know that as the God Particle Energy in each and everyone of us. However, can we all agree that there is an outside force that flows inside of us all as that which is also called the “I AM”?
Alpha and Omega in Greek is the same as in English saying A and Z in the literal translation of thought and the way we think and surmise on earth. However, we are now learning to accept the new age we call the “ASCENSION AGE” in which we call our way of knowing and becoming awake and aware of our own “Mortality”. Just as Steven Jobs passed on or died at the young “Baby-boomer” age of 57 years, this has left us all confronting our own “Mortality” and “Immortality”.

  ALPHA and OMEGA CREATOR DIETIES of the Alphaverse, and Omegaverse home to our own Omniverse I have been impressed or inspired to share that which has come to me due to questions that I have been asked about our Creator Deities and the Omniverse in which we live. The fact that I thought that I was not allowed to venture further our of my known conscious existence as that of the Omniverse has changed in the last week. I should point out to my readers that if one challenges their minds to look back in the history of my writings on UFO Digest of which I am a contributing syndicated columnist one will find a history of how I have grown in my own particles and waves flux and flows.  I am very happy to report that I now have the awakened awareness that we have that of which I have known in the furthest solar core of my own soul as the Alpha and Omega.  The Alphaverse and Omegaverse to show those who are only into the physical reality of science that there can be seven (7) levels and dimensions to our souls eternal source and life force we presently address as energy and essence. Our energy and essence is expressed in this lifetime as our SPIRIT! We have learned that we all share something in common besides our own physical makeup as humanoids with a head, trunk, and limbs. We have a brain that allows us to think for ourselves. Inside our brain and inside our mind also exists our own awareness of life that we call our conscious awareness of the fact that we are alive. Some of us are only thinking about that which we can see, feel, touch, taste, hear, and smell with what we are told are our five (5) senses. We now know that our emotional state of being with our nervous system in tact allows us to also understand and react to the outside stimulus we encounter on a daily basis. It has now come to the attention of this one person also known as a humanoid sentient intelligent being that we are much, much more than what we perceive. We are all the creations that are here to explore our way back to the creator deities of both Alpha and Omega.

Alpha is the male energy and Omega is the female energy that we are all created with and sent in tachyon energy as the strongest force that is now not understood.  The Alpha wraps around the Omniverse. The Omega is the entire womb of that which we call Alphaverse and Omniverse in one manner of thinking in the Physical Cosmology. In the Religious Cosmology the Alphaverse is the outer creation of the Omniverse, as well as, the Omega is the outer creation of the Omniverse.  

 We now are in the quandary as to which came first the chicken or the egg. We need both in order to understand the other. Therefore we are now at the crossroads in Quantum Physics and the study of Quantum Entanglement with what we call the Higgs-Boson Theory which is only one of many new theories of everything.

(The theoretical ‘God’ particle might have a mass between 120 and 140GeV – looked much less conclusive among new statistics received from the experiment. Guido Tonelli, spokesman for the Compact Muon Solenoid Detector, a huge particle detector at CERN employing 3,600 scientists, told the BBC’s Today programme this week, ‘If we exclude the existence of the Higgs this will be a major discovery – it would completely review our vision of nature.’) One of the biggest questions in science – does ‘the God particle’ exist? – is likely to be answered by the end of next year, it was claimed yesterday.

The Higgs boson, nicknamed the God particle, is theoretically responsible for mass, without which there would be no gravity and no universe. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2037722/God-particle-goes-missing-Higgs-boson-exist-say-Hadron-Collider-scientists.html#ixzz1bdNjmchW

No one being  can create that which gives us the spirit and soul. We can clone animals but do they have the same soul content makeup of the humanoids? Please begin updating your information on our COMMON and PRACTICAL history of the past way we have been programmed. We will now all be able to become more as we learn to receive divine revelations from that which we call the alpha and omega forces direct.

Father Alpha and Mother Omega which is inside us all as both a male and female energy entity.

 We will learn some new ways to be, do, have, think, exist, and what we thought in the past will now become history in various forms. We share our Metaphysical, Physical, and Religious Cosmology in our ACE FOLKLIFE on earth.

The Alpha and Omega allows us to now know that “ALIEN CIVILIZATIONS EXIST!”

CDM or Lambda-CDM is an abbreviation for Lambda-Cold Dark Matter, which is also known as the cold dark matter model with dark energy. It is frequently referred to as the standard model of big bang cosmology, since it attempts to explain: the existence and structure of the cosmic microwave background the large scale structure of galaxy clusters the distribution of hydrogen, helium, deuterium and lithium the accelerating expansion of the universe observed in the light from distant galaxies and supernovae.

 It is the simplest model that is in general agreement with observed phenomena. Creator Deity -Metaphysical Cosmology(Physical Cosmology & Religious Cosmology)Main article: Cosmology (metaphysics)In philosophy and metaphysics, cosmology deals with the world as the totality of space, time and all phenomena. Historically, it has had quite a broad scope, and in many cases was founded in religion. The ancient Greeks did not draw a distinction between this use and their model for the cosmos.

However, in modern use it addresses questions about the Universe which are beyond the scope of science. It is distinguished from religious cosmology in that it approaches these questions using philosophical methods (e.g. dialectics). Modern metaphysical cosmology tries to address questions such as:

What is the origin of the Universe?
What is its first cause? Is its existence necessary? (see monism, pantheism, emanationism and creationism)
What are the ultimate material components of the Universe? (see mechanism, dynamism, hylomorphism, atomism)
What is the ultimate reason for the existence of the Universe? Does the cosmos have a purpose? (see teleology)Does the existence of consciousness have a purpose? How do we know what we know about the totality of the cosmos? Does cosmological reasoning reveal metaphysical truths?

A creator deity is a deity responsible for the creation of the world (or universe). In monotheism, the single God is necessarily also the creator deity, while polytheistic traditions may or may not have creator deities. A number of monolatristic traditions separate a secondary creator from a primary transcendent being, identified as a primary creator.

 Cosmology is the discipline that deals with the origin, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe or a theory or doctrine describing the natural order of the universe .Cosmologists study the universe as a whole: its birth, growth, shape, size and eventual fate. Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics.

Though the word cosmology is recent (first used in 1730 in Christian Wolff’s (Cosmologia Generalis), the study of the universe has a long history involving science, philosophy, esotericism, metaphysics, and religion. (See Cosmogony for the study of origins of the Universe and Cosmography for the features of the Universe.) Physical cosmology, as a branch of astronomy, is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its formation and evolution.

For most of human history, it was a branch of metaphysics and religion. Cosmology as a science originated with the Copernican principle, which implies that celestial bodies obey identical physical laws to those on Earth, and Newtonian mechanics, which first allowed us to understand those laws. Physical cosmology, as it is now understood, began with the twentieth century development of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity and better astronomical observations of extremely distant objects.

These advances made it possible to speculate about the origin of the universe, and allowed scientists to establish the Big Bang Theory as the leading cosmological model. Some researchers still advocate a handful of alternative cosmologies; however, cosmologists generally agree that the Big Bang theory best explains observations.

Cosmology draws heavily on the work of many disparate areas of research in physics. Areas relevant to cosmology include particle physics experiments and theory, including string theory, astrophysics, general relativity, and plasma physics. Thus, cosmology unites the physics of the largest structures in the universe with the physics of the smallest structures in the universe.

 We now are in the quandary as to which came first the chicken or the egg. We need both in order to understand the other.

Therefore we are now at the crossroads in Quantum Physics and the study of Quantum Entanglement with what we call the Higgs-Boson Theory which is only one of many new theories of everything. (The theoretical ‘God’ particle might have a mass between 120 and 140GeV – looked much less conclusive among new statistics received from the experiment. Guido Tonelli, spokesman for the Compact Muon Solenoid Detector, a huge particle detector at CERN employing 3,600 scientists, told the BBC’s Today programme this week, ‘If we exclude the existence of the Higgs this will be a major discovery – it would completely review our vision of nature.’) One of the biggest questions in science – does ‘the God particle’ exist? – is likely to be answered by the end of next year, it was claimed yesterday.

The Higgs boson, nicknamed the God particle, is theoretically responsible for mass, without which there would be no gravity and no universe. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2037722/God-particle-goes-missing-Higgs-boson-exist-say-Hadron-Collider-scientists.html#ixzz1bdNjmchW  No one being  can create that which gives us the spirit and soul. We can clone animals but do they have the same soul content makeup of the humanoids? Please begin updating your information on our COMMON and PRACTICAL history of the past way we have been programmed. We will now all be able to become more as we learn to receive divine revelations from that which we call the alpha and omega forces direct.

Father Alpha and Mother Omega which is inside us all as both a male and female energy entity. We will learn some new ways to be, do, have, think, exist, and what we thought in the past will now become history in various forms. We share our Metaphysical, Physical, and Religious Cosmology in our ACE FOLKLIFE on earth. The Alpha and Omega allows us to now know that “ALIEN CIVILIZATIONS EXIST!” CDM or Lambda-CDM is an abbreviation for Lambda-Cold Dark Matter, which is also known as the cold dark matter model with dark energy.

It is frequently referred to as the standard model of big bang cosmology, since it attempts to explain:
the existence and structure of the cosmic microwave
 Background:
 The large scale structure of galaxy clusters
The distribution of hydrogen, helium, deuterium and lithium
The accelerating expansion of the universe observed in the light from distant galaxies and supernovae

It is the simplest model that is in general agreement with observed phenomena. Creator Deity -Metaphysical Cosmology(Physical Cosmology & Religious Cosmology)Main article: Cosmology (metaphysics)In philosophy and metaphysics, cosmology deals with the world as the totality of space, time and all phenomena. Historically, it has had quite a broad scope, and in many cases was founded in religion. The ancient Greeks did not draw a distinction between this use and their model for the cosmos. However, in modern use it addresses questions about the Universe which are beyond the scope of science. It is distinguished from religious cosmology in that it approaches these questions using philosophical methods (e.g. dialectics). Modern metaphysical cosmology tries to address questions such as:

What is the origin of the Universe? What is its first cause? Is its existence necessary? (see monism, pantheism, emanationism and creationism)

What are the ultimate material components of the Universe? (see mechanism, dynamism, hylomorphism, atomism)What is the ultimate reason for the existence of the Universe? Does the cosmos have a purpose? (see teleology)Does the existence of consciousness have a purpose? How do we know what we know about the totality of the cosmos? Does cosmological reasoning reveal metaphysical truths?

A creator deity is a deity responsible for the creation of the world (or universe). In monotheism, the single God is necessarily also the creator deity, while polytheistic traditions may or may not have creator deities. A number of monolatristic traditions separate a secondary creator from a primary transcendent being, identified as a primary creator.

 Cosmology is the discipline that deals with the origin, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe or a theory or doctrine describing the natural order of the universe .Cosmologists study the universe as a whole: its birth, growth, shape, size and eventual fate. Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics.

Though the word cosmology is recent (first used in 1730 in Christian Wolff’s (Cosmologia Generalis), the study of the universe has a long history involving science, philosophy, esotericism, metaphysics, and religion. (See Cosmogony for the study of origins of the Universe and Cosmography for the features of the Universe.) Physical cosmology, as a branch of astronomy, is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its formation and evolution. For most of human history, it was a branch of metaphysics and religion. Cosmology as a science originated with the Copernican principle, which implies that celestial bodies obey identical physical laws to those on Earth, and Newtonian mechanics, which first allowed us to understand those laws.

Physical cosmology, as it is now understood, began with the twentieth century development of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity and better astronomical observations of extremely distant objects. These advances made it possible to speculate about the origin of the universe, and allowed scientists to establish the Big Bang Theory as the leading cosmological model. Some researchers still advocate a handful of alternative cosmologies; however, cosmologists generally agree that the Big Bang theory best explains observations.

Cosmology draws heavily on the work of many disparate areas of research in physics. Areas relevant to cosmology include particle physics experiments and theory, including string theory, astrophysics, general relativity, and plasma physics. Thus, cosmology unites the physics of the largest structures in the universe with the physics of the smallest structures in the universe.
History of physical cosmology.(See also: Timeline of cosmology and List of cosmologists)

Modern cosmology developed along tandem tracks of theory and observation.

In 1915, Albert Einstein formulated his theory of general relativity, which provided a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time. At the time, physicists believed in a perfectly static universe that had no beginning or end. Einstein added a cosmological constant to his theory in order to force it to model a static universe containing matter. This so-called Einstein universe is, however, unstable; it will eventually start expanding or contracting. The cosmological solutions of general relativity were found by Alexander Friedmann, whose equations describe the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker universe, which may expand or contract.

In the 1910s, Vesto Slipher (and later Carl Wilhelm Wirtz) interpreted the red shift of spiral nebulae as a Doppler shift that indicated they were receding from Earth. However, it is difficult to determine the distance to astronomical objects.

 One way is to compare the physical size of an object to its angular size, but a physical size must be assumed to do this. Another method is to measure the brightness of an object and assume an intrinsic luminosity, from which the distance may be determined using the inverse square law. Due to the difficulty of using these methods, they did not realize that the nebulae were actually galaxies outside our own Milky Way, nor did they speculate about the cosmological implications.

In 1927, the Belgian Roman Catholic priest Georges Lemaître independently derived the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker equations and proposed, on the basis of the recession of spiral nebulae, that the universe began with the “explosion” of a “primeval atom”—which was later called the Big Bang.

In 1929, Edwin Hubble provided an observational basis for Lemaître’s theory. Hubble showed that the spiral nebulae were galaxies by determining their distances using measurements of the brightness of Cepheid variable stars. He discovered a relationship between the redshift of a galaxy and its distance. He interpreted this as evidence that the galaxies are receding from Earth in every direction at speeds directly proportional to their distance.
 This fact is now known as Hubble’s law, though the numerical factor Hubble found relating recessional velocity and distance was off by a factor of ten, due to not knowing at the time about different types of Cepheid variables. Given the cosmological principle, Hubble’s law suggested that the universe was expanding. There were two primary explanations put forth for the expansion of the universe. One was Lemaître’s Big Bang theory, advocated and developed by George Gamow.

The other possibility was Fred Hoyle’s steady state model in which new matter would be created as the galaxies moved away from each other. In this model, the universe is roughly the same at any point in time.

For a number of years the support for these theories was evenly divided. However, the observational evidence began to support the idea that the universe evolved from a hot dense state.

The discovery of the cosmic microwave background in 1965 lent strong support to the Big Bang model, and since the precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background by the Cosmic Background Explorer in the early 1990s, few cosmologists have seriously proposed other theories of the origin and evolution of the cosmos. One consequence of this is that in standard general relativity, the universe began with a singularity, as demonstrated by Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose in the 1960s.Light elements, primarily hydrogen and helium, were created in the Big Bang. These light elements were spread too fast and too thinly in the Big Bang process (see nucleosynthesis) to form the most stable medium-sized atomic nuclei, like iron and nickel.

This fact allows for later energy release, as such intermediate-sized elements are formed in our era. The formation of such atoms powers the steady energy-releasing reactions in stars, and also contributes to sudden energy releases, such as in novae. Gravitational collapse of matter into black holes is also thought to power the most energetic processes, generally seen at the centers of galaxies (see quasars and in general active galaxies).

Cosmologists are still unable to explain all cosmological phenomena purely on the basis of known conventional forms of energy, for example those related to the accelerating expansion of the universe, and therefore invoke a yet unexplored form of energy called dark energy[2] to account for certain cosmological observations. One hypothesis is that dark energy is the energy of virtual particles (which mathematically must exist in vacuum due to the uncertainty principle).

There is no unambiguous way to define the total energy of the universe in the current best theory of gravity, general relativity. As a result it remains controversial whether one can meaningfully say that total energy is conserved in an expanding universe. For instance, each photon that travels through intergalactic space loses energy due to the redshift effect.

This energy is not obviously transferred to any other system, so seems to be permanently lost. Nevertheless some cosmologists insist that energy is conserved in some sense.

Thermodynamics of the universe is a field of study to explore which form of energy dominates the cosmos – relativistic particles which are referred to as radiation, or non-relativistic particles which are referred to as matter. The former are particles whose rest mass is zero or negligible compared to their energy, and therefore move at the speed of light or very close to it; the latter are particles whose kinetic energy is much lower than their rest mass and therefore move much slower than the speed of light.

As the universe expands, both matter and radiation in it become diluted. However, the universe also cools down, meaning that the average energy per particle is getting smaller with time. Therefore the radiation becomes weaker, and dilutes faster than matter. Thus with the expansion of the universe radiation becomes less dominant than matter. In the very early universe radiation dictates the rate of deceleration of the universe’s expansion, and the universe is said to be ‘radiation dominated’. At later times, when the average energy per photon is roughly 10 eV and lower, matter dictates the rate of deceleration and the universe is said to be ‘matter dominated’.

The intermediate case is not treated well analytically. As the expansion of the universe continues, matter dilutes even further and the cosmological constant becomes dominant, leading to an acceleration in the universe’s expansion. History of the UniverseSee also: Timeline of the Big Bang Theory.

The history of the universe is a central issue in cosmology. The history of the universe is divided into different periods called epochs, according to the dominant forces and processes in each period. The standard cosmological model is known as the CDM

CDM Model. Equations of Motion

Main article: Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric
The equations of motion governing the universe as a whole are derived from general relativity with a small, positive cosmological constant.

The solution is an expanding universe; due to this expansion the radiation and matter in the universe are cooled down and become diluted. At first, the expansion is slowed down by gravitation due to the radiation and matter content of the universe. However, as these become diluted, the cosmological constant becomes more dominant and the expansion of the universe starts to accelerate rather than decelerate. In our universe this has already happened, billions of years ago.
Particle physics in cosmology

Main article: Particle physics in cosmology

Particle physics is important to the behavior of the early universe, since the early universe was so hot that the average energy density was very high. Because of this, scattering processes and decay of unstable particles are important in cosmology.

As a rule of thumb, a scattering or a decay process is cosmologically important in a certain cosmological epoch if the time scale describing that process is smaller or comparable to the time scale of the expansion of the universe, which is 1 / H with H being the Hubble constant at that time. This is roughly equal to the age of the universe at that time.

Timeline of the Big Bang
Main article: Timeline of the Big Bang

Observations suggest that the universe began around 13.7 billion years ago. Since then, the evolution of the universe has passed through three phases. The very early universe, which is still poorly understood, was the split second in which the universe was so hot that particles had energies higher than those currently accessible in particle accelerators on Earth.

Therefore, while the basic features of this epoch have been worked out in the Big Bang theory, the details are largely based on educated guesses. Following this, in the early universe, the evolution of the universe proceeded according to known high energy physics.

This is when the first protons, electrons and neutrons formed, then nuclei and finally atoms. With the formation of neutral hydrogen, the cosmic microwave background was emitted. Finally, the epoch of structure formation began, when matter started to aggregate into the first stars and quasars, and ultimately galaxies, clusters of galaxies and superclusters formed.

The future of the universe is not yet firmly known, but according to the CDM  model it will continue expanding forever.

Areas of Study:
Below, some of the most active areas of inquiry in cosmology are described, in roughly chronological order. This does not include all of the Big Bang cosmology, which is presented in Timeline of the Big Bang.

The very early universe
While the early, hot universe appears to be well explained by the Big Bang from roughly 10-33 seconds onwards, there are several problems. One is that there is no compelling reason, using current particle physics, to expect the universe to be flat, homogeneous and isotropic (see the cosmological principle). Moreover, grand unified theories of particle physics suggest that there should be magnetic monopoles in the universe, which have not been found.

These problems are resolved by a brief period of cosmic inflation, which drives the universe to flatness, smooths out anisotropies and in homogeneities to the observed level, and exponentially dilutes the monopoles. The physical model behind cosmic inflation is extremely simple, however it has not yet been confirmed by particle physics, and there are difficult problems reconciling inflation and quantum field theory. Some cosmologists think that string theory and brane cosmology will provide an alternative to inflation.

Another major problem in cosmology is what caused the universe to contain more particles than antiparticles. Cosmologists can observationally deduce that the universe is not split into regions of matter and antimatter. If it were, there would be X-rays and gamma rays produced as a result of annihilation, but this is not observed.

This problem is called the baryon asymmetry, and the theory to describe the resolution is called baryogenesis. The theory of baryogenesis was worked out by Andrei Sakharov in 1967, and requires a violation of the particle physics symmetry, called CP-symmetry, between matter and antimatter. Particle accelerators, however, measure too small a violation of CP-symmetry to account for the baryon asymmetry. Cosmologists and particle physicists are trying to find additional violations of the CP-symmetry in the early universe that might account for the baryon asymmetry.

Both the problems of baryogenesis and cosmic inflation are very closely related to particle physics, and their resolution might come from high energy theory and experiment, rather than through observations of the universe.

Big bang Nucleosynthesis
Main article:
 Big bang nucleosynthesis
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis is the theory of the formation of the elements in the early universe. It finished when the universe was about three minutes old and its temperature dropped below that at which nuclear fusion could occur. Big Bang nucleosynthesis had a brief period during which it could operate, so only the very lightest elements were produced. Starting from hydrogen ions (protons), it principally produced deuterium, helium-4 and lithium. Other elements were produced in only trace abundances. The basic theory of nucleosynthesis was developed in 1948 by George Gamow, Ralph Asher Alpher and Robert Herman. It was used for many years as a probe of physics at the time of the Big Bang, as the theory of Big Bang nucleosynthesis connects the abundances of primordial light elements with the features of the early universe. Specifically, it can be used to test the equivalence principle, to probe dark matter, and test neutrino physics. Some cosmologists have proposed that Big Bang nucleosynthesis suggests there is a fourth “sterile” species of neutrino.

Cosmic microwave background
Main article: Cosmic microwave background
The cosmic microwave background is radiation left over from decoupling after the epoch of recombination when neutral atoms first formed. At this point, radiation produced in the Big Bang stopped Thomson scattering from charged ions. The radiation, first observed in 1965 by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson, has a perfect thermal black-body spectrum.

It has a temperature of 2.7 kelvins today and is isotropic to one part in 105. Cosmological perturbation theory, which describes the evolution of slight inhomogeneities in the early universe, has allowed cosmologists to precisely calculate the angular power spectrum of the radiation, and it has been measured by the recent satellite experiments (COBE and WMAP) and many ground and balloon-based experiments (such as Degree Angular Scale Interferometer, Cosmic Background Imager, and Boomerang). One of the goals of these efforts is to measure the basic parameters of the Lambda-CDM model with increasing accuracy, as well as to test the predictions of the Big Bang model and look for new physics. The recent measurements made by WMAP, for example, have placed limits on the neutrino masses.

Newer experiments, such as QUIET and the Atacama Cosmology Telescope, are trying to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background. These measurements are expected to provide further confirmation of the theory as well as information about cosmic inflation, and the so-called secondary anisotropies, such as the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect and Sachs-Wolfe effect, which are caused by interaction between galaxies and clusters with the cosmic microwave background.

Formation and evolution of large-scale structure
Main articles:
 Large-scale structure of the cosmos, Structure formation, and Galaxy formation and evolution.

Understanding the formation and evolution of the largest and earliest structures (i.e., quasars, galaxies, clusters and superclusters) is one of the largest efforts in cosmology. Cosmologists study a model of hierarchical structure formation in which structures form from the bottom up, with smaller objects forming first, while the largest objects, such as superclusters, are still assembling. One way to study structure in the universe is to survey the visible galaxies, in order to construct a three-dimensional picture of the galaxies in the universe and measure the matter power spectrum. This is the approach of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey.

Another tool for understanding structure formation is simulations, which cosmologists use to study the gravitational aggregation of matter in the universe, as it clusters into filaments, superclusters and voids. Most simulations contain only non-baryonic cold dark matter, which should suffice to understand the universe on the largest scales, as there is much more dark matter in the universe than visible, baryonic matter. More advanced simulations are starting to include baryons and study the formation of individual galaxies. Cosmologists study these simulations to see if they agree with the galaxy surveys, and to understand any discrepancy.

Other, complementary observations to measure the distribution of matter in the distant universe and to probe reionization include:
The Lyman alpha forest, which allows cosmologists to measure the distribution of neutral atomic hydrogen gas in the early universe, by measuring the absorption of light from distant quasars by the gas.

The 21 centimeter absorption line of neutral atomic hydrogen also provides a sensitive test of cosmology.

Weak lensing, the distortion of a distant image by gravitational lensing due to dark matter.

These will help cosmologists settle the question of when and how structure formed in the universe.

Dark Matter
Main article: Dark matter
Evidence from Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation suggests that about 23% of the mass of the universe consists of non-baryonic dark matter, whereas only 4% consists of visible, baryonic matter.

The gravitational effects of dark matter are well understood, as it behaves like a cold, non-radiative fluid that forms haloes around galaxies. Dark matter has never been detected in the laboratory, and the particle physics nature of dark matter remains completely unknown. Without observational constraints, there are a number of candidates, such as a stable supersymmetric particle, a weakly interacting massive particle, an axion, and a massive compact halo object. Alternatives to the dark matter hypothesis include a modification of gravity at small accelerations (MOND) or an effect from brane cosmology.

Dark energy
Main article: Dark energy

If the universe is flat, there must be an additional component making up 73% (in addition to the 23% dark matter and 4% baryons) of the energy density of the universe. This is called dark energy. In order not to interfere with Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the cosmic microwave background, it must not cluster in haloes like baryons and dark matter. There is strong observational evidence for dark energy, as the total energy density of the universe is known through constraints on the flatness of the universe, but the amount of clustering matter is tightly measured, and is much less than this. The case for dark energy was strengthened in 1999, when measurements demonstrated that the expansion of the universe has begun to gradually accelerate.

Apart from its density and its clustering properties, nothing is known about dark energy. Quantum field theory predicts a cosmological constant much like dark energy, but 120 orders of magnitude larger than that observed. Steven Weinberg and a number of string theorists (see string landscape) have used this as evidence for the anthropic principle, which suggests that the cosmological constant is so small because life (and thus physicists, to make observations) cannot exist in a universe with a large cosmological constant, but many people find this an unsatisfying explanation.

Other possible explanations for dark energy include quintessence or a modification of gravity on the largest scales. The effect on cosmology of the dark energy that these models describe is given by the dark energy’s equation of state, which varies depending upon the theory. The nature of dark energy is one of the most challenging problems in cosmology.

A better understanding of dark energy is likely to solve the problem of the ultimate fate of the universe. In the current cosmological epoch, the accelerated expansion due to dark energy is preventing structures larger than superclusters from forming. It is not known whether the acceleration will continue indefinitely, perhaps even increasing until a big rip, or whether it will eventually reverse.

Other areas of inquiry:
Cosmologists also study:
Whether primordial black holes were formed in our universe, and what happened to them.

The GZK cutoff for high-energy cosmic rays, and whether it signals a failure of special relativity at high energies the equivalence principle, whether or not Einstein’s general theory of relativity is the correct theory of gravitation, and if the fundamental laws of physics are the same everywhere in the universe.

See also:
Physics portal  String Cosmology
Physical ontology
List of cosmologists
References^ For an overview, see George FR Ellis (2006). “Issues in the Philosophy of Cosmology”. In Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman. Philosophy of Physics (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science) 3 volume set. North Holland. pp. 1183ff. arXiv:astro-ph/0602280. ISBN 0444515607.^ Science 20 June 2003:Vol. 300. no. 5627, pp. 1914 – 1918 Throwing Light on Dark Energy, Robert P. Kirshner. Accessed December 2006^ e.g. Liddle, A.. An Introduction to Modern Cosmology. Wiley. ISBN 0-470-84835-9. This argues cogently “Energy is always, always, always conserved.”^ P. Ojeda and H. Rosu (Jun 2006). “Supersymmetry of FRW barotropic cosmologies”. Internat. J. Theoret. Phys. (Springer) 45: 1191–1196.arXiv:gr-qc/0510004. Bibcode 2006IJTP…45.1152R. doi:10.1007/s10773-006-9123-2..

Polytheism
In polytheistic creation myths, the world often comes into being organically, e.g. sprouting from a primal seed, sexually, by miraculous birth(sometimes by parthenogenesis), by hierosgamos, violently, by the slaying of a primeval monster, or artificially, by a divine demiurge or “craftsman”. Sometimes, a god is involved, wittingly or unwittingly, in bringing about creation.

 Examples include:
African contexts:
Mbombo of Bakuba mythology, who vomited out the world upon feeling a stomach ache;
Egyptian mythology
Atum in Ennead, whose semen becomes the primal components of the universe.
Ptah creating the universe by speaking Unkulunkulu in Zulu mythology American contexts:
Nanabozho (Great Rabbit,) Ojibway deity, a shape-shifter and a cocreator of the world.

The goddess Coatlique in Aztec mythology; Viracocha in Inca mythology;
A trickster deity in the form of a Raven in Inuit mythology;

Asian contexts:
El or the Elohim of Canaanite mythology (see Genesis creation myth)Esege Malan in Mongolian mythology, king of the skies Kamuy in Ainu mythology, who built the world on the back of a trout; Izanagi and Izanami in Japanese mythology, who churned the ocean with a spear, creating the islands of Japan

Marduk killing Tiamat in the Babylonian Enuma Elish Vishvakarman in Vedic mythology, responsible for the creation of the universe (while in later Puranic period, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are for creation, maintenance and destruction, respectively)European contexts:

The sons of Borr slaying the primeval giant Ymir in Norse mythology Rod in Slavic mythology.

Oceanic contexts:
Ranginui, the Sky Father, and Papatuanuku, the Earth Mother in Maori mythology
Platonic demiurge
Main article:
Demiurge
Further information: Neoplatonism and Gnosticism and Great Architect of the Universe

Plato, in his dialogue Timaeus, describes a creation myth involving a being called the demiurge (“craftsman”). This concept was continued in Neoplatonism and Gnosticism. In Neoplatonism, the demiurge represents the second cause or dyad, after the monad. In Gnostic dualism, the demiurge is an imperfect spirit and possibly evil being, transcended by divine Fullness (Pleroma). Unlike the Judeo-Christian God, Plato’s demiurge is unable to create ex-nihilo.
 Monolatrism
See also:
Brahma Monolatristic traditions would separate a secondary creator from the primary transcendent being, identified as a primary creator. According to Gaudiya Vaishnavas, Brahma is the secondary creator and not the supreme. Vishnu is the primary creator. According to Vaishnavabelief Vishnu creates the basic universal shell and provides all the raw materials and also places the living entities within the material world, fulfilling their own independent will. Brahma works with the materials provided by Vishnu to actually create what are believed to be planets in Puranic terminology, and he supervises the population of them.
Monism
Main article: Monism
Monism has its origin in Hellenistic philosophy as a concept of all things deriving from a single substance or being. Following a long and still current tradition H.P. Owen (1971: 65) claimed that:
“Pantheists are ‘monists’…they believe that there is only one Being, and that all other forms of reality are either modes (or appearances) of it or identical with it.” Although, like Baruch Spinoza, some pantheists may also be monists, and monism may even be essential to some versions of pantheism (like Spinoza’s), not all pantheists are monists. Some are polytheists and some are pluralists; they believe that there are many things and kinds of things and many different kinds of value.[

Not all monists are pantheists. Exclusive monists believe that the universe, the God of the pantheist, simply does not exist. In addition, monists can be Deists, pandeists, theists or panentheists; believing in a monotheistic God that is omnipotent and all-pervading, and both transcendent and immanent. There are monist pantheists and panentheists in Hinduism(particularly in Advaita and Vishistadvaita respectively), Judaism (monistic panentheism is especially found in Kabbalah and Hasidic philosophy), in Christianity (especially among Oriental Orthodox, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglicans) and in Islam (among the Sufis, especially the Bektashi).In Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is the abstract notion of “the Absolute” from which the universe takes its origin and at an ultimate level, all assertions of a distinction between Brahman, other gods and creation are meaningless (monism).

Buddhism
The Buddha explicitly rejects a creator, denies endorsing any views on creation and states that questions on the origin of the world are worthless.

Some gods in Buddhism have the view that they are creators of the world. For example, Baka Brahma. However, Buddha pointed out to them that they do not know the whole extent of the universe (he said they have no knowledge of some of the highest heavens), and further, the spiritual power of the Buddha was greater than the spiritual power of these gods who thought they created the world. One of the Suttasdealing with this subject is the Kevaddha Sutta.

The Buddha said (in DN1 – the Brahmajala Sutta or The Net of Views) that their view of being the creator of the world is a misconception, and that these Brahma-gods actually have a cause which lead their origination (taking birth as a Brahma-god). Buddha even tells how the views concerning ‘creator gods’ originate in the world – through junior Brahma-gods (with a more limited life-span) who, on their passing away, get reborn as a human, and through practicing meditation are able to remember their previous life as a junior god to a Brahma god. Then, he starts to preach this view of a ‘creator god’ to others (see DN1 – the Brahmajala Sutta) starts to preach this view of a ‘creator god’ to others (see DN1 – the Brahmajala Sutta).

Hinduism
Main article: Hindu creationism
Hinduism includes a range of viewpoints about the origin of life, creationism and evolution. The accounts of the emergence of life within the universe vary in description, but classically the god Brahma, from a Trimurti of three gods also including Vishnu and Shiva, is described as performing the act of creation, or more specifically of “propagating life within the universe” with the other two deities being responsible for preservation and destruction (of the universe) respectively.

 Most Hindu schools do not regard the scriptural creation myth as a literal truth, and often the creation stories themselves do not go into specific detail, thus leaving open the possibility of incorporating at least some theories in support of evolution. Some Hindus find support for, or foreshadowing of evolutionary ideas in scriptures, namely the Vedas. An exception to this acceptance is the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), which includes several members who actively oppose “Darwinism” and the modern evolutionary synthesis.

 Jainism
Main article: Jainism and non-creationism
Jainism does not support belief in a creator deity. According to Jain doctrine, the universe and its constituents – soul, matter, space, time, and principles of motion have always existed (a static universe similar to that of Epicureanism and steady state cosmological model). All the constituents and actions are governed by universal natural laws. It is not possible to create matter out of nothing and hence the sum total of matter in the universe remains the same (similar to law of conservation of mass). Similarly, the soul of each living being is unique and uncreated and has existed since beginningless time.

The Jain theory of causation holds that a cause and its effect are always identical in nature and therefore a conscious and immaterial entity like God cannot create a material entity like the universe. Furthermore, according to the Jain concept of divinity, any soul who destroys its karmas and desires, achieves liberation. A soul who destroys all its passions and desires has no desire to interfere in the working of the universe. Moral rewards and sufferings are not the work of a divine being, but a result of an innate moral order in the cosmos; a self-regulating mechanism whereby the individual reaps the fruits of his own actions through the workings of the karmas.

Through the ages, Jain philosophers have adamantly rejected and opposed the concept of creator and omnipotent God and this has resulted in Jainism being labeled as nastika darsana or atheist philosophy by the rival religious philosophies. The theme of non-creationism and absence of omnipotent God and divine grace runs strongly in all the philosophical dimensions of Jainism, including its cosmology, karma,moksa and its moral code of conduct. Jainism asserts a religious and virtuous life is possible without the idea of a creator god.

 Monotheism

Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Sikhism teach that creation is the origin of the universe by the action of God.

Among monotheists it has historically been most commonly believed that living things are God’s creations, and are not the result of a process inherent in originally non-living things, unless this process is designed, initiated, or directed by God; likewise, sentient and intelligent beings are believed to be God’s creation, and did not arise through the development of living but non-sentient beings, except by the intervention of God.

Baha’I

Bahá’í teachings state that God is too great for humans to fully comprehend, or to create a complete and accurate image of, by themselves. Therefore, human understanding of God is achieved through his revelations via his Manifestations. In the Bahá’í religion God is often referred to by titles and attributes (e.g. the All-Powerful, or the All-Loving), and there is a substantial emphasis on monotheism.

Chinese Mythology
Pangu can be interpreted as another creator deity. In the beginning there was nothing in the universe except a formless chaos.

However this chaos began to coalesce into a cosmic egg for eighteen thousand years. Within it, the perfectly opposed principles of yin and yang became balanced and Pangu emerged (or woke up) from the egg. Pangu is usually depicted as a primitive, hairy giant with horns on his head (like the Greek Pan) and clad in furs. Pangu set about the task of creating the world: he separated Yin from Yang with a swing of his giant axe, creating the Earth (murky Yin) and the Sky (clear Yang). To keep them separated, Pangu stood between them and pushed up the Sky. This task took eighteen thousand years, with each day the sky grew ten feet higher, the Earth ten feet wider, and Pangu ten feet taller. In some versions of the story, Pangu is aided in this task by the four most prominent beasts, namely the Turtle, the Qilin, the Phoenix, and the Dragon.

Shangdi is another creator deity, possibly prior to Pangu sharing concepts similar to abrahamic faiths.

After the eighteen thousand years had elapsed, Pangu was laid to rest. His breath became the wind; his voice the thunder; left eye the sun and right eye the moon; his body became the mountains and extremes of the world; his blood formed rivers; his muscles the fertile lands; his facial hair the stars and milky way; his fur the bushes and forests; his bones the valuable minerals; his bone marrows sacred diamonds; his sweat fell as rain; and the fleas on his fur carried by the wind became human beings all over the world.

The distance from Earth and Sky at the end of the 18,000 years would have been 65,700,000 feet, or over 12,443 miles.

The first writer to record the myth of Pangu was Xu Zheng  during the Three Kingdoms  period.

Christianity
See also: Christ the Logos

It is a tenet of Christian faith (Roman Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant) that God is the creator of all things from nothing but by his word, and has made human beings in the Image of God, who by direct inference is also the source of the human soul. Within this broad understanding, however, there are a number of views regarding exactly how this doctrine ought to be interpreted.

Some Christians, mainly evangelical Protestants, particularly Young Earth creationists and Old Earth creationists, interpret Genesis as a historical, accurate, and literal account of creation. Others, in contrast, may understand these to be, not statements of historic fact, but rather spiritual insights more vaguely defined.

While the synoptic gospels do not address the question of creation, the Gospel of John famously begins:

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being … And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth” <John 1:1-3 and 1:14>.The Epistle to the Hebrews, a book of the New Testament, contains another reference to creation:

“For by faith we understand the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible” <Hebrews 11:3>.Thus, in Chalcedonian Christology, Jesus is the Word of God, which was in the beginning and, thus, is uncreated, and hence is God, and consequently identical with the Creator of the world ex nihilo.

The Catholic Church allows for either a literal or allegorical interpretation of Genesis, so as to allow for the possibility of Creation by means of an evolutionary process over great spans of time, otherwise known as theistic evolution. It believes that the creation of the world is a work of God through the Logos, the Word (idea, intelligence, reason and logic).The New Testament claims that God created everything by the eternal Word, Jesus Christ his beloved Son.

In him “all things were created, in heaven and on earth.. . all things were created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

Surrounded by a pervasive culture of rationalism, relativism and secularism, the Catholic Church has asserted the primacy of reason in Christian Theology.

In a 1999 lecture at the University of Paris, then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger said:

“The question is … whether reason, being a chance by-product of irrationality and floating in an ocean of irrationality, is ultimately just as meaningless; or whether the principle that represents the fundamental conviction of Christian faith and of its philosophy remains true: “In principio erat Verbum” — at the beginning of all things stands the creative power of reason. Now as then, Christian faith represents the choice in favor of the priority of reason and of rationality. […] there is no ultimate demonstration that the basic choice involved in Christianity is correct. Yet, can reason really renounce its claim to the priority of what is rational over the irrational, the claim that the Logos is at the ultimate origin of things, without abolishing itself?””Even today, by reason of its choosing to assert the primacy of reason, Christianity remains “enlightened,” and I think that any enlightenment that cancels this choice must, contrary to all appearances, mean, not an evolution, but an involution, a shrinking, of enlightenment.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Followers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and others within Mormonism, believe that “the elements are eternal” (Doctrine & Covenants § 93:33), and that God (our Father in Heaven–the Creator, Sustainer, and Governor of the Universe)–organized or wrought the creation of the Earth through His Son, Jesus Christ (known as YHWH “Jehovah” of the Old Testament), Who was with Him in the beginning (John 1:1-2, 14): “And by the word of my power have I created them [i.e., the Earth and its many inhabitants], which is mine Only Begotten Son, who is full of grace and truth” (Moses 1:32).

God, the Father, had His Son fashion the eternal elements into the Earth upon which we live over the course of six creative periods that He called “days” (yom in Hebrew, Genesis 1:5)(note, however, that there is nothing to suggest that these six days were either immediately contiguous or of 24 hours duration (indeed, as to the latter, the data suggests that these “days” were rather longer)).

“We will go down,” said Jehovah, “for there is space there, and we will take of these [already existing] materials, and we will make an earth whereon these [i.e., us] may dwell” (Abraham 3:24). But Latter-day Saint theology does not perceive God as the Creator of our Earth alone, but of countless worlds: “worlds without number have I created; and I also created them for mine own purpose; and by the Son I created them, which is mine Only Begotten” (Moses 1:33), ” By him, and through him, and of him, the worlds are and were created, and the inhabitants thereof are begotten sons and daughters unto God” (Doctrine & Covenants 76:24).In short, the Creator is an architect and organizer of pre-existing matter and energy, who constructed our original Earth and other worlds out of this raw material according to the laws and principles He has decreed shall govern such things.

Creationism
 Main article: Creationism
Christian fundamentalism in the USA since the 1930s has pursued Biblical literalist doctrines of “Creationism” as a counter-hypothesis opposing the scientific community, with concepts such as flood geology, creation science and intelligent design proposed as syntheses of Christian creation beliefs and scientific method.

Judaism

Further information: Genesis creation myth
Orthodox Judaism historically affirms that one incorporeal God (self-identified to Moses as Yahweh) is the creator of all things (many references available, see Job 38-41, for example), and that this same one created Adam and Eve personally (directly). They affirm that this Being is an indivisible one, incomparable to any created thing, and immutable.

Islam
Main article: Islamic creationism

According to Islam, God, known in Arabic as Allah, is the all-powerful and all-knowing Creator, Sustainer, Ordainer, and Judge of the universe. Islam puts a heavy emphasis on the conceptualization of God as strictly singular (tawhid). God is unique (wahid) and inherently one (ahad), all-merciful and omnipotent. According to tradition there are 99 Names of God (al-asma al-husna lit. meaning: “The best names”) each of which evoke a distinct attribute of God. All these names refer to Allah, the supreme and all-comprehensive divine name. Among the 99 names of God, the most famous and most frequent of these names are “the Compassionate” (al-rahman) and “the Merciful” (al-rahim).Creation is seen as an act of divine choice and mercy, one with a grand purpose: “And We did not create the heaven and earth and that between them in play.”Rather, the purpose of humanity is to be tested: “Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving; “Those who pass the test are rewarded with Paradise: “Verily for the Righteous there will be a fulfillment of (the heart’s) desires;

“According to the Islamic teachings, God exists above the heavens and the creation itself. The Qur’an mentions, “He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything. “At the same time, God is unlike anything in creation: “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” and nobody can perceive God in totality: “Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted.” God in Islam is not only majestic and sovereign, but also a personal God: “And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).”Allah commands the believers to constantly remember Him (“O you who have believed, remember Allah with much remembrance”) and to invoke Him alone (“And whoever invokes besides Allah another deity for which he has no proof – then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.”)Islam teaches that God as referenced in the Qur’an is the only god and the same God worshipped by members of other Abrahamic religions
such as Christianity and Judaism. (29:46).

Sikhism
Main article: Sikh beliefs
One of the biggest responsibilities in Sikhism is to worship God as “The Creator”, termed Waheguru who is shapeless, timeless, and sightless, i.e., Nirankar, Akal, and Alakh Niranjan. The religion only takes after the belief in “One God for All” or Ik Onkar.

MYTHOLOGICAL COSMOLOGY also RELIGIOUS COSMOLOGY
 A Religious cosmology (also mythological cosmology) is a way of explaining the origin, the history and the evolution of the universe based on the religious mythology of a specific tradition. Religious cosmologies usually include an act or process of creation by a creator deity or a larger pantheon.

 Buddhism
Main article: Buddhist cosmology
In Buddhism, the universe comes into existence dependent upon the actions (karma) of its inhabitants. Buddhists posit neither an ultimate beginning or final end to the universe, but see the universe as something in flux, passing in and out of existence, parallel to an infinite number of other universes doing the same thing.

The Buddhist universe consists of a large number of worlds which correspond to different mental states, including passive states of trance, passionless states of purity, and lower states of desire, anger, and fear. The beings in these worlds are all coming into existence or being born, and passing out of existence into other states, or dying. A world comes into existence when the first being in it is born, and ceases to exist, as such, when the last being in it dies. The universe of these worlds also is born and dies, with the death of the last being preceding a universal conflagration that destroys the physical structure of the worlds; then, after an interval, beings begin to be born again and the universe is once again built up. Other universes, however, also exist, and there are higher planes of existence which are never destroyed, though beings that live in them also come into and pass out of existence.

As well as a model of universal origins and destruction, Buddhist cosmology also functions as a model of the mind, with its thoughts coming into existence based on preceding thoughts, and being transformed into other thoughts and other states.

Hebrew Bible
Further information: Biblical cosmology and Genesis creation myth

The main Judeo-Christian religious text, the Bible, opens with a story of creation. The first two chapters of the Book of Genesis describe the creation of heaven and earth by God (called both Elohim and Yhvh) in six successive days.

First day: God creates light (“Let there be light!”)[Gen 1:3]—the first divine command. The light is divided from the darkness, and “day” and “night” are named.

Second day: God creates a firmament (“Let a firmament be…!”)[Gen 1:6–7]—the second command—to divide the waters above from the waters below. The firmament is named “heaven” (shamayim).

Third day: God commands the waters below to be gathered together in one place, and dry land to appear (the third command).[Gen 1:9–10]”earth” and “sea” are named. God commands the earth to bring forth grass, plants, and fruit-bearing trees (the fourth command).

Fourth day: God creates lights in the firmament (the fifth command)[Gen 1:14–15] to separate light from darkness and to mark days, seasons and years. Two great lights are made and the stars.

Fifth day: God commands the sea to “teem with living creatures”, and birds to fly across the heavens (sixth command)[Gen 1:20–21] He creates birds and sea creatures, and commands them to be fruitful and multiply.

Sixth day: God commands the land to bring forth living creatures (seventh command); He makes wild beasts, livestock and “every thing that creepeth upon the earth”.[Gen 1:24–25] He then creates humanity in His “image” and “likeness” (eighth command).[Gen 1:26–28] They are told to “be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it.” The totality of creation is described by God as “very good.”

Seventh day: God, having completed the heavens and the earth, rests from His work, and blesses and sanctifies the seventh day. [Gen 2:2]

Christianity:
See also: Biblical cosmology, Ex nihilo, and Creationism

It is a tenet of Christian faith (Roman Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant) that God is the creator of all things from nothing, and has made human beings in the Image of God, who by direct inference is also the source of the human soul. In Chalcedonian Christology, Jesus is the Word of God, which was in the beginning and, thus, is uncreated, and hence is God, and consequently identical with the Creator of the worldex nihilo.

The New Testament claims that God created everything by the eternal Word, Jesus Christ his beloved Son. In him “All things were created, in heaven and on earth.. . all things were created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

Mormon
Main article: Mormon cosmology

Mormon cosmology draws from Biblical cosmology, but has many unique elements provided by Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith, Jr.

According to Mormon cosmology, there was a pre-existence, better described as a pre-mortal life, in which human spirits were literal children of heavenly parents.

Though their spirits were created, the essential “intelligence” of these spirits is considered eternal, and without beginning. During this pre-existence, two plans were said to have been presented, one championed by Lucifer (Satan) that would have involved loss of moral agency, and another championed by God the Father. When his plan was not accepted, Lucifer is said to have rebelled and taken a third of the hosts of heaven with him to the earth to serve as tempters. According to a plan of salvation as described by God the Father, Jesus would create the earth, under the direction of God the Father, as a place where humanity would be tested.

After the resurrection all men and women except spirits that followed Lucifer and the sons of perdition would be assigned one of three degrees of glory.

Within the highest degree, the Celestial Kingdom, there are three divisions, and those in the highest of these divisions would become gods and goddesses through a process called exaltation or “eternal progression”. Celestial Kingdom, Terrestrial Kingdom, and Telestial Kingdom are the  three divisions of the three degrees of glory.

This would involve having spirit children and populating new worlds.

The Earth’s creation, according to Mormon scripture, was not ex nihilo, but organized from existing matter.

The faith teaches that this earth is just one of many inhabited worlds, and that there are many governing heavenly bodies, including a planet or star Kolob which is said to be nearest the throne of God. According to some Mormon sources, God the Father himself was once like a human, and lived on a planet with his own higher god.

Hindu
Main article: Hindu cosmology
The Hindu cosmology and timeline is the closest to modern scientific timelines and even more which might indicate that the Big Bang is not the beginning of everything but just the start of the present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes and to be followed by another infinite number of universes.

The Rig Veda questions the origin of the cosmos in: “Neither being (sat) nor non-being was as yet. What was concealed? And where? And in whose protection?…Who really knows? Who can declare it? Whence was it born, and whence came this creation? The devas were born later than this world’s creation, so who knows from where it came into existence? None can know from where creation has arisen, and whether he has or has not produced it. He who surveys it in the highest heavens, he alone knows-or perhaps does not know.” (Rig Veda 10. 129) Large scale structure of the Universe according to one Hindu cosmology. Intermediate neighborhood of the Earth according to one Hindu cosmology.

We have the neighborhood of the Earth according to one Hindu cosmology. The Rig Veda’s view of the cosmos also sees one true divine principle self-projecting as the divine word, Vaak, ‘birthing’ the cosmos that we know, from the

monistic  Hiranyagarbha or Golden Womb. The Hiranyagarbha is alternatively viewed as Brahma, the creator who was in turn created by God, or as God (Brahman) himself.

The universe is considered to constantly expand since creation and disappear into a thin haze after billions of years.

An alternate view is that the universe begins to contract after reaching its maximum expansion limits until it disappears into a fraction of a millimeter

The creation begins anew after billions of years (Solar years) of non-existence.

The puranic view asserts that the universe is created, destroyed, and re-created in an eternally repetitive series of cycles. In Hindu cosmology, a universe endures for about 4,320,000,000 years (one day of Brahma, the creator or kalpa) and is then destroyed by fire or water elements. At this point, Brahma rests for one night, just as long as the day. This process, named pralaya (Cataclysm), repeats for 100 Brahma years (311 Trillion, 40 Billion Human Years) that represents Brahma’s lifespan. It must be noted that Brahma is the creator but not necessarily regarded as God in Hinduism. He is mostly regarded as a creation of God / Brahman.

We are currently believed to be in the 51st year of the present Brahma and so about 156 trillion years have elapsed since He was born as Brahma. After Brahma’s “death”, it is necessary that another 100 Brahma years (311 Trillion, 40 Billion Years) pass until a new Brahma is born and the whole creation begins anew. This process is repeated again and again, forever. Brahma’s day is divided in one thousand cycles (Maha Yuga, or the Great Year).Maha Yuga, during which life, including the human race appears and then disappears, has 71 divisions, each made of 14 Manvantara (1000) years. Each Maha Yuga lasts for 4,320,000 years. Manvantara is Manu’s cycle, the one who gives birth and governs the human race.

Each Maha Yuga consists of a series of four shorter yugas, or ages. The yugas get progressively worse from a moral point of view as one proceeds from one yuga to another. As a result, each yuga is of shorter duration than the age that preceded it.

The current Kali Yuga (Iron Age) began at midnight 17 February / 18 February in 3102 BC in the proleptic Julian calendar.

 Space and time are considered to be maya (illusion).

What looks like 100 years in the cosmos of Brahma could be thousands of years in other worlds, millions of years in some other worlds and 311 trillion and 40 billion years for our solar system and earth.

Islam
Main articles: Islamic cosmology and Sufi Cosmology

Islam preaches that God, or Allah, created the universe, including Earth’s physical environment and human beings. The highest goal is to visualize the cosmos as a book of symbols for meditation and contemplation for spiritual upliftment or as a prison from which the human soul must escape to attain true freedom in the spiritual journey to God. Islam elaborates on cosmology in many instances. A modern English translation of the Quran describes the creation of the universe as follows:”We have built the heaven with might, and We are Steadily Expanding it.”51:47  Earlier English translations like for example Ahmed Ali, The Noble Qur’an, Pickthal, Shakir and Yusuf Ali never specify the expansion as a process that is still going on so it seems to be an addition after the expansion of the universe became a generally accepted scientific fact.

Below here there are some other citations from the Quran on cosmology.

“Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?” 21:30 Yusuf Ali translation

“The Day that We roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed),- even as We produced the first creation, so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it.” 21:104 Yusuf Ali translation

Jainism
Main article: Jain cosmology

Jain cosmology considers the loka, or universe, as an uncreated entity, existing since infinity, having no beginning or an end. Jain texts
describe the shape of the universe as similar to a man standing with legs apart and arm resting on his waist. This Universe, according to Jainism, is narrow at the top, broad at the middle and once again becomes broad at the bottom.

Mahapura’a of Acarya Jinasena is famous for this quote: “Some foolish men declare that a creator made the world. The doctrine that the world was created is ill advised and should be rejected. If God created the world, where was he before the creation? If you say he was transcendent then and needed no support, where is he now? How could God have made this world without any raw material?

If you say that he made this first, and then the world, you are faced with an endless regression.”

Taoism
Main articles: Chinese creation myth and Tian
The cosmology of Taoism beliefs is a complex mixture of different beliefs. There is a “primordial universe” Wuji (philosophy), and Hongjun Laozu, water or qi. It transformed into Taiji and multiplied into everything.

The Pangu legend tells a formless chaos coalesced into a cosmic egg. Pangu emerged (or woke up) and separated Yin from Yang with a swing of his giant axe, creating the Earth (murky Yin) and the Sky (clear Yang). To keep them separated, Pangu stood between them and pushed up the Sky. After Pangu died, he became everything. See also Bahá’í  cosmology
Raelian cosmology
Zoroastrian cosmology

 References:^ CCC Search Result – Paragraph # 291^ LDS Church (1995) (“Each [human] is a beloved spirit son or daughter of heavenly parents.”); LDS Church (1997, p. 11) (“Man, as a spirit, was begotten and born of heavenly parents, and reared to maturity in the eternal mansions of the Father.”).^ http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e459?_hi=10&_pos=2^ “This universe is not created nor sustained by anyone; It is self sustaining, without any base or support” “Nishpaadito Na Kenaapi Na Dhritah Kenachichch Sah Swayamsiddho Niradhaaro Gagane Kimtvavasthitah” [Yogasastra of Acarya Hemacandra 4.106] Tr by Dr. A. S. Gopani^ See Hemacandras description of universe in Yogasastra “…Think of this loka as similar to man standing akimbo…”4.103-6

See Also:

Biblical Cosmology,
Brahma Cosmogony,
Cosmological argument,
Cosmology Dating Creation,
Day-Age Creationism
Deism Existence, Gap Creationism,
Great Spirit,
Intelligent designer,
Jainism and non-creationism,
Old Earth Creationism
Tzimtzum
Young Earth Creationism

  The term Alpha and Omega comes from the phrase “I am the alpha and the omega” (Koiné Greek: an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). In the Book of Revelation, it reads “I am the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last.”The first part of this phrase (“I am the Alpha and Omega”) is first found in Chapter 1 verse 8, and is found in every manuscript of Revelation that has 1v8. Several later manuscripts repeat “I am the Alpha and Omega” in 1v11 too, but it does not receive support here from most of the oldest manuscripts, including the Alexandrine, Sinaitic, and Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus. It is, therefore, omitted in some modern translations. Scholar Robert Young stated, with regards to “I am the Alpha and Omega” in 1v11, that the “oldest MSS. omit” it.

Its meaning is found in the fact that alpha (?) and omega (O) are respectively the first and last letters of the Classical (Ionic) Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the “A and Z”. Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title “the beginning and the end” (21:6, 22:13).
Though many commentators and dictionaries apply this title both to God and to Christ, some secular sources argue otherwise. Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament (1974) claims: “It cannot be absolutely certain that the writer meant to refer to the Lord Jesus specifically here… There is no real incongruity in supposing, also, that the writer here meant to refer to God as such.” However, most Christian denominations teach that it does apply to Jesus and God as they are one; Revelation Chapter 22 has Jesus himself saying the words: “I am the Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last”.Therefore the letters Alpha and Omega in juxtaposition are often used as a Christian visual symbol (see examples).

The letters were shown hanging from the arms of the cross in Early Christian art, and some crosses in precious metal have formed letters hanging in this way. In fact, despite always being in Greek, the letters became more common in Western than Eastern Orthodox Christian art. They are often shown to the left and right of Christ’s head, sometimes within his halo, where they take the place of the christogram used in Orthodox art.

This symbol was suggested by the Apocalypse, where many believe that Christ, as well as the Father, is “the First and the Last” (ii, 8); “the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end” (cf., xxii, 13; i, 8). Clement of Alexandria (2nd century, philosopher and commentator on pagan and Christian information) speaks of the Word as “the Alpha and the Omega of Whom alone the end becomes beginning, and ends again at the original beginning without any break” (Stromata, IV, 25).

Tertullian (lawyer, theologian) also alludes to Christ as the Alpha and Omega (De Monogamiâ, v), and from Prudentius (Cathemer., ix, 10) we learn that in the fourth century the interpretation of the apocalyptic letters was still the same: “Alpha et Omega cognominatus, ipse fons et clausula, Omnium quae sunt, fuerunt, quaeque post futura sunt.” It was, however, in the monuments of early Christianity that the symbolic Alpha and Omega had their greatest vogue.

This phrase is interpreted by many Christians to mean that Jesus existed from eternity (as the second person of the Trinity), and will exist eternally. Alpha and omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, signifying that God is “the beginning and the end,” or eternal. The symbols were used in early Christianity and appear in the Roman catacombs.

The Alpha and Omega symbols are often combined with the cross, chi rho, or other Christian symbols.

Judaism

In Rabbinic literature, the word emet (meaning “truth”), one of the names of God in Judaism, has been interpreted as consisting of the first, middle and final letters of the Hebrew alphabet.

Islam
The Qur’an gives al’Awwal meaning “The First” and al’Akhir , meaning “The Last” as two of the names of God: 57:3. Babylonian cosmology

Babylonian literature (1900-1200 BC) Plurality of heavens and earths The Earth and Heavens are a “spatial whole, even one of round shape,” revolving around the “cult-place of the deity”[clarification needed] rather than the Earth,[6] and there is a plurality of heavens and earths. Brahmanda (Hindu Cosmology) Hindu Rigveda(1700–1100 BC) Cyclical or oscillating, Infinite in time The universe sustains for around 311,040,000,000,000 years, or 100 Years of Brahma. There is a smaller period of unmanifestation in around 4 billion years, that is, one Day of Brahma. The universe cycles between expansion and total collapse. After one cycle of the life of Brahma another universe follows for infinity, each of which exists for a time period of 311 trillion 40 billion years. It also speaks of an infinite number of universes at one given point of time. The Universe expanded from a concentrated form, a point called a Bindu. The universe, as a living entity, is bound to the perpetual cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. Atomist universe Anaxagoras (500-428 BC) & later.

Epicurus Infinite in extent – The universe contains only two things: an infinite number of tiny seeds, or atoms, and the void of infinite extent. All atoms are made of the same substance, but differ in size and shape. Objects are formed from atom aggregations and decay back into atoms. Incorporates Leucippus’ principle of causality: “nothing happens at random; everything happens out of reason and necessity.” The universe was not ruled by gods.

Pythagorean universe Philolaus (d. 390 BC) Existence of a “Central Fire” at the center of the Universe. At the center of the Universe is a central fire, around which the Earth, Sun, Moon and planets revolve uniformly.

The Sun revolves around the central fire once a year, the stars are immobile. The earth in its motion maintains the same hidden face towards the central fire, hence it is never seen. This is the first known non-geocentric model of the Universe.[8]Stoic universe Stoics(300 BC – 200 AD) Island universe

The Cosmos is finite and surrounded by an infinite void. It is in a state of flux, as it pulsates in size and periodically passes through upheavals and conflagrations.

Aristotelian universe Aristotle (384-322 BC) Geocentric, static, steady state, finite extent, infinite time Spherical earth is surrounded by concentric celestial spheres. Universe exists unchanged throughout eternity. Contains a fifth element, called aether (later known as quintessence), added to the four Classical elements. Aristarchean universe Aristarchus(circa 280 BC) Heliocentric Earth rotates daily on its axis and revolves annually about the sun in a circular orbit. Sphere of fixed stars is centered about the sun. Seleucian universe Seleucus of Seleucia(circa 190 BC)

Heliocentric Modifications to the Aristarchean universe, with the inclusion of the tide phenomenon to explain heliocentrism.

Ptolemaic model (based on Aristotelian universe) Ptolemy(2nd century AD) Geocentric Universe orbits about a stationary Earth. Planets move in circular epicycles, each having a center that moved in a larger circular orbit (called an eccentric or a deferent) around a center-point near the Earth. The use of equants added another level of complexity and allowed astronomers to predict the positions of the planets.

The most successful universe model of all time, using the criterion of longevity. Almagest (the Great System).

 Aryabhatan model Aryabhata (499) Geocentric or Heliocentric The Earth rotates and the planets move in elliptical orbits, possibly around either the Earth or the Sun. It is uncertain whether the model is geocentric or heliocentric due to planetary orbits given with respect to both the Earth and the Sun. Abrahamic universe Medieval philosophers (500-1200) Finite in time.

 A universe that is finite in time and has a beginning is proposed by the Christian philosopher, John Philoponus, who argues against the ancient Greek notion of an infinite past. Logical arguments supporting a finite universe are developed by the early Muslim philosopher Alkindus, the Jewish philosopher Saadia Gaon and the Muslim theologianAlgazel.

Multiversal cosmology Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149–1209)

Multiverse, multiple worlds & universes There exists an infinite outer space
e beyond the known world, and God has the power to fill the vacuum with an infinite number of universes.

 Maragha models Maragha school(1259–1528) Geocentric Various modifications to Ptolemaic model and Aristotelian universe, including rejection ofequant and eccentrics at Maragheh observatory, and introduction of Tusi-couple by Al-Tusi. Alternative models later proposed, including the first accurate lunar model by Ibn al-Shatir, a model rejecting stationary Earth in favour of Earth’s rotation by Ali Kusçu, and planetary model incorporating “circular inertia” by Al-Birjandi. Nilakanthan model Nilakantha Somayaji (1444–1544)

Geocentric and Heliocentric A universe in which the planets orbit the Sun and the Sun orbits the Earth, similar to the later Tychonic system. Copernican universe Nicolaus Copernicus (1543) Heliocentric The geocentric Maragha model of Ibn al-Shatir adapted to meet the requirements of the ancient heliocentric Aristarchean universe in his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium.

Tychonic system Tycho Brahe(1546–1601) Geocentric and Heliocentric A universe in which the planets orbit the Sun and the Sun orbits the Earth, similar to the earlier Nilakanthan model. Static Newtonian Sir Isaac Newton(1642–1727) Static(evolving), steady state, infinite Every particle in the universe attracts every other particle. Matter on the large scale is uniformly distributed. Gravitationally balanced but unstable.

Cartesian Vortex universe René Descartes 17th Century Static (evolving), steady state, Infinite
A system of huge swirling whirlpools of aethereal or fine matter produces what we would call gravitational effects. His vacuum was not empty. All space was filled with matter that swirled around in large and small vortices.

Hierarchical universe Immanuel Kant,
Johann Lambert 18th century Static (evolving), steady state, infinite Matter is clustered on ever larger scales of hierarchy. Matter is endlessly being recycled. Einstein Universe with a cosmological constant Albert Einstein1917 Static (nominally). Bounded (finite) “Matter without motion.” Contains uniformly distributed matter. Uniformly curved spherical space; based on Riemann’s hypersphere. Curvature is set equal to ?. In effect ? is equivalent to a repulsive force which counteracts gravity. Unstable. De Sitter universe Willem de Sitter1917 Expanding flat space.
Steady state. ? > 0 “Motion without matter.” Only apparently static. Based on Einstein’s General Relativity. Space expands with constant acceleration. Scale factor (radius of universe) increases exponentially, i.e. constant inflation. MacMillan universe William Duncan MacMillan 1920s Static &steady state.

New matter is created from radiation. Starlight is perpetually recycled into new matter particles.

Friedmann universe of spherical space Alexander Friedmann 1922 Spherical expanding space. k= +1 ; no ? Positive curvature. Curvature constant k = +1Expands then recollapses. Spatially closed (finite).Friedmann universe of hyperbolic space Alexander Friedmann 1924 Hyperbolic expanding space.

k= -1 ; no ? Negative curvature. Said to be infinite (but ambiguous). Unbounded. Expands forever.

Dirac large numbers hypothesis Paul Dirac 1930s Expanding Demands a large variation in G, which decreases with time. Gravity weakens as universe evolves.

Friedmann zero-curvature, a.k.a. the Einstein-DeSitter universe Einstein & DeSitter 1932 Expanding flat space.
k= 0 ; ? = 0 Critical density Curvature constant k = 0. Said to be infinite (but ambiguous). ‘Unbounded cosmos of limited extent.’ Expands forever. ‘Simplest’ of all known universes. Named after but not considered by Friedmann. Has a deceleration term q =½ which means that its expansion rate slows down.

BIG BANG THEORY = Only One Theory!

The original Big Bang. a.k.a. Friedmann-Lemaître Model Georges Lemaître1927-29 Expansion? > 0 ? > |Gravity| ? is positive and has a magnitude greater than Gravity. Universe has initial high density state (‘primeval atom’). Followed by a two stage expansion. ? is used to destabilize the universe. (Lemaître is considered to be the father of the big bang model.)Oscillating universe(a.k.a. Friedmann-Einstein; was latter’s 1st choice after rejecting his own 1917 model) Favored by Friedmann 1920s Expanding and contracting in cycles Time is endless and beginningless; thus avoids the beginning-of-time paradox.

Perpetual cycles of big Bang followed by the big Crunch.  Eddington Arthur Eddington1930 First Static then Expands Static Einstein 1917 universe with its instability disturbed into expansion mode; with relentless matter dilution becomes a DeSitter universe.

 Dominates gravity.
Milne universe of kinematic relativity Edward Milne, 1933, 1935;William H. McCrea, 1930s Kinematic expansion with NO space expansion Rejects general relativity and the expanding space paradigm. Gravity not included as initial assumption. Obeys cosmological principle & rules of special relativity. The Milne expanding universe consists of a finite spherical cloud of particles (or galaxies) that expands WITHIN flat space which is infinite and otherwise empty.

It has a center and a cosmic edge (the surface of the particle cloud) which expands at light speed. His explanation of gravity was elaborate and unconvincing. For instance, his universe has an infinite number of particles, hence infinite mass, within a finite cosmic volume.

Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker class of models Howard Robertson, Arthur Walker, 1935 Uniformly expanding Class of universes that are homogenous and isotropic. Spacetime separates into uniformly curved space and cosmic time common to all co-moving observers. The formulation system is now known as the FLRW or Robertson-Walker metrics of cosmic time and curved space.

Steady-state expanding (Bondi & Gold) Herman Bondi,Thomas Gold1948 Expanding, steady state, infinite Matter creation rate maintains constant density. Continuous creation out of nothing from nowhere.

Exponential expansion.
Deceleration term q = -1.Steady-state expanding (Hoyle) Fred Hoyle 1948 Expanding, steady state; but unstable Matter creation rate maintains constant density. But since matter creation rate must be exactly balanced with the space expansion rate the system is unstable.  Ambiplasma Hannes Alfvén1965 Oskar Klein Cellular universe, expanding by means of matter-antimatter annihilation Based on the concept of plasma cosmology. The universe is viewed as meta-galaxiesdivided by double layers —hence its bubble-like nature. Other universes are formed from other bubbles. Ongoing cosmic matter-antimatter annihilations keep the bubbles separated and moving apart preventing them from interacting. Brans-Dicke Carl H. Brans;Robert H. Dicke Expanding Based on Mach’s principle. G varies with time as universe expands. “But nobody is quite sure what Mach’s principle actually means.”

Cosmic inflation
 Alan Guth 1980 Big Bang with modification to solve horizon problem and flatness problem. Based on the concept of hot inflation. The universe is viewed as a multiple quantum flux —hence its bubble-like nature. Other universes are formed from other bubbles. Ongoing cosmic expansion kept the bubbles separated and moving apart preventing them from interacting. Eternal Inflation (a multiple universe model) Andreï Linde 1983 Big Bang with cosmic inflation

A multiverse, based on the concept of cold inflation, in which inflationary events occur at random each with independent initial conditions; some expand into bubble universes supposedly like our entire cosmos. Bubbles nucleate in a spacetime foam.  Physical cosmology, as a branch of astronomy, is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its formation and evolution. For most of human history, it was a branch of metaphysics and religion.

Cosmology
as a science originated with the Copernican principle, which implies that celestial bodies obey identical physical laws to those on Earth, and Newtonian mechanics, which first allowed us to understand those laws. Physical cosmology, as it is now understood, began with the twentieth century development of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity and better astronomical observations of extremely distant objects.  These advances made it possible to speculate about the origin of the universe, and allowed scientists to establish the Big Bang Theory as the leading cosmological model. Some researchers still advocate a handful of alternative cosmologies; however, cosmologists generally agree that the Big Bang theory best explains observations.

Cosmology draws heavily on the work of many disparate areas of research in physics.  Areas relevant to cosmology include particle physics experiments and theory, including string theory, astrophysics, general relativity, and plasma physics. Thus, cosmology unites the physics of the largest structures in the universe with the physics of the smallest structures in the universe. Universal Disciplines In recent times, physics and astrophysics have played a central role in shaping the understanding of the universe through scientific observation and experiment. What is known as physical cosmology shaped through both mathematics and observation the analysis of the whole universe. It is generally understood to begin with the Big Bang combined with cosmic inflation – an expansion of space from which the universe is thought to have emerged ~13.7±0.2×109 (roughly 13.5-13.9 billion) years ago.

Physical cosmologists propose that the history of the universe has been governed entirely by physical laws. Such theories of an impersonal universe governed by physical laws were first proposed by Roger Bacon.

Between the domains of religion and science, stands the philosophical perspective of metaphysical cosmology. This ancient field of study seeks to draw intuitive conclusions about the nature of the universe, man, a supernatural creator and/or their relationships based on the extension of some set of presumed facts borrowed from spiritual experience and/or observation.

Metaphysical cosmology has also been described as the placing of man in the universe in relationship to all other entities. This is exampled by the observation made by Marcus Aurelius of a man’s place in that relationship: “He who does not know what the world is does not know where he is, and he who does not know for what purpose the world exists, does not know who he is, nor what the world is.” Cosmology is often an important aspect of the creation myths of religions that seek to explain the existence and nature of reality. In some cases, views about the creation (cosmogony) and destruction (eschatology) of the universe play a central role in shaping a framework of religious cosmology for understanding humanity’s role in the universe.

A more contemporary distinction between religion and philosophy, esoteric cosmology is distinguished from religion in its less tradition-bound construction and reliance on modern “intellectual understanding” rather than faith, and from philosophy in its emphasis on spirituality as a formative concept. History of Physical Cosmology. See also: Timeline of cosmology and List of cosmologists.

Modern cosmology developed along tandem tracks of theory and observation. In 1915, Albert Einstein formulated his theory of general relativity, which provided a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time. At the time, physicists believed in a perfectly static universe that had no beginning or end. Einstein added a cosmological constant to his theory in order to force it to model a static universe containing matter. This so-called Einstein universe is, however, unstable; it will eventually start expanding or contracting. The cosmological solutions of general relativity were found by Alexander Friedmann, whose equations describe the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker universe, which may expand or contract.

In the 1910s, Vesto Slipher (and later Carl Wilhelm Wirtz) interpreted the red shift of spiral nebulae as a Doppler shift that indicated they were receding from Earth. However, it is difficult to determine the distance to astronomical objects. One way is to compare the physical size of an object to its angular size, but a physical size must be assumed to do this. Another method is to measure the brightness of an object and assume an intrinsic luminosity, from which the distance may be determined using the inverse square law. Due to the difficulty of using these methods, they did not realize that the nebulae were actually galaxies outside our own Milky Way, nor did they speculate about the cosmological implications. In 1927, the Belgian Roman Catholic priest Georges Lemaître independently derived the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker equations and proposed, on the basis of the recession of spiral nebulae, that the universe began with the “explosion” of a “primeval atom”—which was later called the Big Bang. In 1929, Edwin Hubble provided an observational basis for Lemaître’s theory. Hubble showed that the spiral nebulae were galaxies by determining their distances using measurements of the brightness of Cepheid variable stars. He discovered a relationship between the redshift of a galaxy and its distance. He interpreted this as evidence that the galaxies are receding from Earth in every direction at speeds directly proportional to their distance. This fact is now known as Hubble’s law, though the numerical factor Hubble found relating recessional velocity and distance was off by a factor of ten, due to not knowing at the time about different types of Cepheid variables.

Given the cosmological principle, Hubble’s law suggested that the universe was expanding. There were two primary explanations put forth for the expansion of the universe. One was Lemaître’s Big Bang theory, advocated and developed by George Gamow. The other possibility was Fred Hoyle’s steady state model in which new matter would be created as the galaxies moved away from each other. In this model, the universe is roughly the same at any point in time.

For a number of years the support for these theories was evenly divided. However, the observational evidence began to support the idea that the universe evolved from a hot dense state. The discovery of the cosmic microwave background in 1965 lent strong support to the Big Bang model, and since the precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background by the Cosmic Background Explorer in the early 1990s, few cosmologists have seriously proposed other theories of the origin and evolution of the cosmos. One consequence of this is that in standard general relativity, the universe began with a singularity, as demonstrated by Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose in the 1960s.

Light elements, primarily hydrogen and helium, were created in the Big Bang. These light elements were spread too fast and too thinly in the Big Bang process (see nucleosynthesis) to form the most stable medium-sized atomic nuclei, like iron and nickel. This fact allows for later energy release, as such intermediate-sized elements are formed in our era.

The formation of such atoms powers the steady energy-releasing reactions in stars, and also contributes to sudden energy releases, such as in novae. Gravitational collapse of matter into black holes is also thought to power the most energetic processes, generally seen at the centers of galaxies (see quasars and in general active galaxies).Cosmologists are still unable to explain all cosmological phenomena purely on the basis of known conventional forms of energy, for example those related to the accelerating expansion of the universe, and therefore invoke a yet unexplored form of energy called dark energy to account for certain cosmological observations.

One hypothesis is that dark energy is the energy of virtual particles (which mathematically must exist in vacuum due to the uncertainty principle).There is no unambiguous way to define the total energy of the universe in the current best theory of gravity, general relativity. As a result it remains controversial whether one can meaningfully say that total energy is conserved in an expanding universe.

For instance, each photon that travels through intergalactic space loses energy due to the redshift effect. This energy is not obviously transferred to any other system, so seems to be permanently lost. Nevertheless some cosmologists insist that energy is conserved in some sense.

Thermodynamics of the universe is a field of study to explore which form of energy dominates the cosmos – relativistic particles which are referred to as radiation, or non-relativistic particles which are referred to as matter. The former are particles whose rest mass is zero or negligible compared to their energy, and therefore move at the speed of light or very close to it; the latter are particles whose kinetic energy is much lower than their rest mass and therefore move much slower than the speed of light.

As the universe expands, both matter and radiation in it become diluted. However, the universe also cools down, meaning that the average energy per particle is getting smaller with time. Therefore the radiation becomes weaker, and dilutes faster than matter. Thus with the expansion of the universe radiation becomes less dominant than matter. In the very early universe radiation dictates the rate of deceleration of the universe’s expansion, and the universe is said to be ‘radiation dominated’.

At later times, when the average energy per photon is roughly 10 eV and lower, matter dictates the rate of deceleration and the universe is said to be ‘matter dominated’. The intermediate case is not treated well analytically. As the expansion of the universe continues, matter dilutes even further and the cosmological constant becomes dominant, leading to an acceleration in the universe’s expansion. History of the UniverseSee also: Timeline of the Big Bang

The history of the universe is a central issue in cosmology. The history of the universe is divided into different periods called epochs, according to the dominant forces and processes in each period. The standard cosmological model is known as the CDM model?

CDM model.
Equations of motion
Main article: Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric.

The equations of motion governing the universe as a whole are derived from general relativity with a small, positive cosmological constant.[4]The solution is an expanding universe; due to this expansion the radiation and matter in the universe are cooled down and become diluted. At first, the expansion is slowed down by gravitation due to the radiation and matter content of the universe. However, as these become diluted, the cosmological constant becomes more dominant and the expansion of the universe starts to accelerate rather than decelerate. In our universe this has already happened, billions of years ago.

Particle physics in cosmology
Main article: Particle physics in cosmology

Particle physics is important to the behavior of the early universe, since the early universe was so hot that the average energy density was very high. Because of this, scattering processes and decay of unstable particles are important in cosmology.

As a rule of thumb, a scattering or a decay process is cosmologically important in a certain cosmological epoch if the time scale describing that process is smaller or comparable to the time scale of the expansion of the universe, which is 1 / H with H being the Hubble constant at that time. This is roughly equal to the age of the universe at that time.

Timeline of the Big Bang
Main article: Timeline of the Big Bang

Observations suggest that the universe began around 13.7 billion years ago. Since then, the evolution of the universe has passed through three phases. The very early universe, which is still poorly understood, was the split second in which the universe was so hot that particles had energies higher than those currently accessible in particle accelerators on Earth. Therefore, while the basic features of this epoch have been worked out in the Big Bang theory, the details are largely based on educated guesses. Following this, in the early universe, the evolution of the universe proceeded according to known high energy physics. This is when the first protons, electrons and neutrons formed, then nuclei and finally atoms. With the formation of neutral hydrogen, the cosmic microwave background was emitted. Finally, the epoch of structure formation began, when matter started to aggregate into the first stars and quasars, and ultimately galaxies, clusters of galaxies and superclusters formed. The future of the universe is not yet firmly known, but according to the CDM model it will continue expanding forever.

Areas of study

Below, some of the most active areas of inquiry in cosmology are described, in roughly chronological order. This does not include all of the Big Bang cosmology, which is presented in Timeline of the Big Bang. The very early universe.

While the early, hot universe appears to be well explained by the Big Bang from roughly 10-33 seconds onwards, there are several problems. One is that there is no compelling reason, using current particle physics, to expect the universe to be flat, homogeneous and isotropic (see the cosmological principle). Moreover, grand unified theories of particle physics suggest that there should be magnetic monopoles in the universe, which have not been found.
 These problems are resolved by a brief period of cosmic inflation, which drives the universe to flatness, smooths out anisotropies and inhomogeneities to the observed level, and exponentially dilutes the monopoles. The physical model behind cosmic inflation is extremely simple, however it has not yet been confirmed by particle physics, and there are difficult problems reconciling inflation and quantum field theory. Some cosmologists think that string theory and brane cosmology will provide an alternative to inflation.

Another major problem in cosmology is what caused the universe to contain more particles than antiparticles. Cosmologists can observationally deduce that the universe is not split into regions of matter and antimatter. If it were, there would be X-rays and gamma rays produced as a result of annihilation, but this is not observed. This problem is called the baryon asymmetry, and the theory to describe the resolution is called baryogenesis. The theory of baryogenesis was worked out by Andrei Sakharov in 1967, and requires a violation of the particle physics symmetry, called CP-symmetry, between matter and antimatter. Particle accelerators, however, measure too small a violation of CP-symmetry to account for the baryon asymmetry. Cosmologists and particle physicists are trying to find additional violations of the CP-symmetry in the early universe that might account for the baryon asymmetry.

Both the problems of baryogenesis and cosmic inflation are very closely related to particle physics, and their resolution might come from high energy theory and experiment, rather than through observations of the universe.

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
Main article: Big bang nucleosynthesis
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis is the theory of the formation of the elements in the early universe.
It finished when the universe was about three minutes old and its temperature dropped below that at which nuclear fusion could occur. Big Bang nucleosynthesis had a brief period during which it could operate, so only the very lightest elements were produced. Starting from hydrogen ions (protons), it principally produced

deuterium, helium-4 and lithium. Other elements were produced in only trace abundances. The basic theory of nucleosynthesis was developed in 1948 by George Gamow, Ralph Asher Alpher and Robert Herman. It was used for many years as a probe of physics at the time of the Big Bang, as the theory of Big Bang nucleosynthesis connects the abundances of primordial light elements with the features of the early universe. Specifically, it can be used to test the equivalence principle, to probe dark matter, and test neutrino physics. Some cosmologists have proposed that Big Bang nucleosynthesis suggests there is a fourth “sterile” species of neutrino.

Cosmic microwave background
Main article: Cosmic microwave background
The cosmic microwave background is radiation left over from decoupling after the epoch of recombination when neutral atoms first formed. At this point, radiation produced in the Big Bang stopped Thomson scattering from charged ions. The radiation, first observed in 1965 by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson, has a perfect thermal black-body spectrum. It has a temperature of 2.7 kelvins today and is isotropic to one part in 105. Cosmological perturbation theory, which describes the evolution of slight inhomogeneities in the early universe, has allowed cosmologists to precisely calculate the angular power spectrum of the radiation, and it has been measured by the recent satellite experiments (COBE and WMAP) and many ground and balloon-based experiments (such as Degree Angular Scale Interferometer, Cosmic Background Imager, and Boomerang).

One of the goals of these efforts is to measure the basic parameters of the Lambda-CDM model with increasing accuracy, as well as to test the predictions of the Big Bang model and look for new physics. The recent measurements made by WMAP, for example, have placed limits on the neutrino masses.

NEWER
Newer experiments, such as QUIET and the Atacama Cosmology Telescope, are trying to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background. These measurements are expected to provide further confirmation of the theory as well as information about cosmic inflation, and the so-called secondary anisotropies, such as the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect and Sachs-Wolfe effect, which are caused by interaction between galaxies and clusters with the cosmic microwave background.

Formation and evolution of large-scale structure
Main articles: Large-scale structure of the cosmos, Structure formation, and Galaxy formation and evolution

Understanding the formation and evolution of the largest and earliest structures (i.e., quasars, galaxies, clusters and superclusters) is one of the largest efforts in cosmology. Cosmologists study a model of hierarchical structure formation in which structures form from the bottom up, with smaller objects forming first, while the largest objects, such as superclusters, are still assembling. One way to study structure in the universe is to survey the visible galaxies, in order to construct a three-dimensional picture of the galaxies in the universe and measure the matter power spectrum. This is the approach of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey.

Another tool for understanding structure formation is simulations, which cosmologists use to study the gravitational aggregation of matter in the universe, as it clusters into filaments, superclusters and voids. Most simulations contain only non-baryonic cold dark matter, which should suffice to understand the universe on the largest scales, as there is much more dark matter in the universe than visible, baryonic matter. More advanced simulations are starting to include baryons and study the formation of individual galaxies. Cosmologists study these simulations to see if they agree with the galaxy surveys, and to understand any discrepancy.

Other, complementary observations to measure the distribution of matter in the distant universe and to probe reionization include:

The Lyman alpha forest, which allows cosmologists to measure the distribution of neutral atomic hydrogen gas in the early universe, by measuring the absorption of light from distant quasars by the gas.

The 21 centimeter absorption line of neutral atomic hydrogen also provides a sensitive test of cosmology.

 Weak lensing, the distortion of a distant image by gravitational lensing due to dark matter.

These will help cosmologists settle the question of when and how structure formed in the universe.

Dark Matter
Main article: Dark matter

Evidence from Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation suggests that about 23% of the mass of the universe consists of non-baryonic dark matter, whereas only 4% consists of visible, baryonic matter. The gravitational effects of dark matter are well understood, as it behaves like a cold, non-radiative fluid that forms haloes around galaxies. Dark matter has never been detected in the laboratory, and the particle physics nature of dark matter remains completely unknown. Without observational constraints, there are a number of candidates, such as a stable supersymmetric particle, a weakly interacting massive particle, an axion, and a massive compact halo object. Alternatives to the dark matter hypothesis include a modification of gravity at small accelerations (MOND) or an effect from brane cosmology.

Dark Energy
Main article: Dark energy

If the universe is flat, there must be an additional component making up 73% (in addition to the 23% dark matter and 4% baryons) of the energy density of the universe. This is called dark energy. In order not to interfere with Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the cosmic microwave background, it must not cluster in haloes like baryons and dark matter. There is strong observational evidence for dark energy, as the total energy density of the universe is known through constraints on the flatness of the universe, but the amount of clustering matter is tightly measured, and is much less than this. The case for dark energy was strengthened in 1999, when measurements demonstrated that the expansion of the universe has begun to gradually accelerate.

Apart from its density and its clustering properties, nothing is known about dark energy. Quantum field theory predicts a cosmological constant much like dark energy, but 120 orders of magnitude larger than that observed. Steven Weinberg and a number of string theorists (see string landscape) have used this as evidence for the anthropic principle, which suggests that the cosmological constant is so small because life (and thus physicists, to make observations) cannot exist in a universe with a large cosmological constant, but many people find this an unsatisfying explanation.

Other possible explanations for dark energy include quintessence or a modification of gravity on the largest scales. The effect on cosmology of the dark energy that these models describe is given by the dark energy’s equation of state, which varies depending upon the theory. The nature of dark energy is one of the most challenging problems in cosmology.

A better understanding of dark energy is likely to solve the problem of the ultimate fate of the universe. In the current cosmological epoch, the accelerated expansion due to dark energy is preventing structures larger than superclusters from forming. It is not known whether the acceleration will continue indefinitely, perhaps even increasing until a big rip, or whether it will eventually reverse.

Other areas of inquiry
Cosmologists also study:

whether primordial black holes were formed in our universe, and what happened to them.
The GZK cutoff for high-energy cosmic rays, and whether it signals a failure of special relativity at high energies the equivalence principle, whether or not Einstein’s general theory of relativity is the correct theory of gravitation, and if the fundamental laws of physics are the same everywhere in the universe.

See Also:
Physics portal  String cosmology
Physical Ontology List of Cosmologists

References:
 For an overview, see George FR Ellis (2006). “Issues in the Philosophy of Cosmology”. In Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman. Philosophy of Physics (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science) 3 volume set. North Holland. pp. 1183ff. arXiv:astro-ph/0602280. ISBN 0444515607.^ Science 20 June 2003:Vol. 300. no. 5627, pp. 1914 – 1918 Throwing Light on Dark Energy, Robert P. Kirshner. Accessed December 2006^ e.g. Liddle, A.. An Introduction to Modern Cosmology. Wiley. ISBN 0-470-84835-9. This argues cogently “Energy is always, always, always conserved.”^ P. Ojeda and H. Rosu (Jun 2006). “Supersymmetry of FRW barotropic cosmologies”. Internat. J. Theoret. Phys. (Springer) 45: 1191–1196.arXiv:gr-qc/0510004. Bibcode 2006IJTP…45.1152R. doi:10.1007/s10773-006-9123-2.

Further Reading:
Popular-
Brian Greene (2005). The Fabric of the Cosmos. Penguin Books Ltd. ISBN 0-14-101111-4.Alan Guth (1997). The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins. Random House. ISBN 0-224-04448-6.Hawking, Stephen W. (1988). A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. Bantam Books, Inc. ISBN 0-553-38016-8.Hawking, Stephen W. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. Bantam Books, Inc. ISBN 0-553-80202-X.Simon Singh (2005).

Big Bang: the origins of the universe. Fourth Estate. ISBN 0-00-716221-9.Steven Weinberg (1993; 1978). The First Three Minutes. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-02437-8.clic model Paul Steinhardt;
Neil Turok 2002 Expanding and contracting in cycles; M theory. Two parallel orbifold planes or M-branes collide periodically in a higher dimensional space. With quintessence or dark energy
Cyclic model Lauris Baum;
Paul Frampton 2007 Solution ofTolman’s entropy problem Phantom dark energy fragments universe into large number of disconnected patches. Our patch contracts containing only dark energy with zero entropy.  Table notes: the term “static” simply means not expanding and not contracting. Symbol G represents Newton’s gravitational constant;
 (Lambda) is the cosmological constant.

Physical Cosmology
Main article: Physical cosmology

Physical cosmology is the branch of physics and astrophysics that deals with the study of the physical origins and evolution of the Universe. It also includes the study of the nature of the Universe on its very largest scales. In its earliest form it was what is now known as celestial mechanics, the study of the heavens.

The Greek philosophers Aristarchus of Samos, Aristotle and Ptolemy proposed different cosmological theories. In particular, the geocentric Ptolemaic system was the accepted theory to explain the motion of the heavens until Nicolaus Copernicus, and subsequently Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei proposed a heliocentric system in the 16th century. This is known as one of the most famous examples of epistemological rupture in physical cosmology.

With Isaac Newton and the 1687 publication of Principia Mathematica, the problem of the motion of the heavens was finally solved. Newton provided a physical mechanism for Kepler’s laws and his law of universal gravitation allowed the anomalies in previous systems, caused by gravitational interaction between the planets, to be resolved. A fundamental difference between Newton’s cosmology and those preceding it was the Copernican principle that the bodies on earth obey the same physical laws as all the celestial bodies. This was a crucial philosophical advance in physical cosmology.

Modern Scientific Cosmology
Modern scientific cosmology is usually considered to have begun in 1917 with Albert Einstein’s publication of his final modification of general relativity in the paper “Cosmological Considerations of the General Theory of Relativity,” (although this paper was not widely available outside of Germany until the end of World War I). General relativity prompted cosmogonists such as Willem de Sitter, Karl Schwarzschild and Arthur Eddington to explore the astronomical consequences of the theory, which enhanced the growing ability of astronomers to study very distant objects. Prior to this (and for some time afterwards), physicists assumed that the Universe was static and unchanging.

In parallel to this dynamic approach to cosmology, one long-standing debate about the structure of the cosmos was coming to a climax. Mount Wilson astronomer Harlow Shapley championed the model of a cosmos made up of the Milky Way star system only ; while Heber D. Curtis argued for the idea that spiral nebulae were star systems in their own right – island universes. This difference of ideas came to a climax with the organization of the Great Debate at the meeting of the (US) National Academy of Sciences in Washington on 26 April 1920.

The resolution of this debate came with the detection of novae in the Andromeda galaxy by Edwin Hubble in 1923 and 1924. Their distance established spiral nebulae well beyond the edge of the Milky Way and has galaxies of their own.

Subsequent modeling of the universe explored the possibility that the cosmological constant introduced by Einstein in his 1917 paper may result in an expanding universe, depending on its value. Thus the big bang model was proposed by the Belgian priest Georges Lemaître in 1927 which was subsequently corroborated by Edwin Hubble’s discovery of the red shift in 1929 and later by the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson in 1964. These findings were a first step to rule out some of many alternative physical cosmologies.

Recent observations made by the COBE and WMAP satellites observing this background radiation have effectively, in many scientists’ eyes, transformed cosmology from a highly speculative science into a predictive science, as these observations matched predictions made by a theory called Cosmic inflation, which is a modification of the standard big bang model. This has led many to refer to modern times as the “Golden age of cosmology.”(Source: Wikipedia)

Further reading

Popular

Brian Greene (2005). The Fabric of the Cosmos. Penguin Books Ltd. ISBN 0-14-101111-4.Alan Guth (1997). The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins. Random House. ISBN 0-224-04448-6.Hawking, Stephen W. (1988). A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. Bantam Books, Inc. ISBN 0-553-38016-8.Hawking, Stephen W. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. Bantam Books, Inc. ISBN 0-553-80202-X.Simon Singh (2005). Big Bang: the origins of the universe. Fourth Estate. ISBN 0-00-716221-9.Steven Weinberg (1993; 1978). The First Three Minutes. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-02437-8

See also:
Astronomy portal Absolute time and space

Astrology
Astronomy List of astrophysicists
Non-standard cosmology
TaijiTaoMahapurana (Jainism)From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mahapurana is a major Jain text composed largely by Acharya Jinasena during the rule of Rashtrakuta ruler Amoghavarshaand completed by his pupil Gunabhadra in the 9th century CE. The section composed by Gunabhadra is called “Uttarapurana”. The completed and edited text was released by Lokasena, pupil of Gunabhadra in a celebration at Bankapura in the court of Vira-Bankeyarasa in 898 CE. The first 42 Parvans of this text were written by Jinasena, while remaining 34 Parvans were composed by Gunabhara.

This text gives an encyclopedic account of the Jain tradition.
—————-The text is widely quoted. A widely used quote from Carl Sagan’s Cosmos, page 140 is:

“Some foolish men declare that Creator made the world. The doctrine that the world was created is ill-advised, and should be rejected. If god created the world, where was he before creation? If you say he was transcendent then, and needed no support, where is he now?”,

A number of Jain and non-Jain texts have been influenced by the Mahapurana. Mahapurana was the model for Saiva SiddhantaPeriyapuranam which gives biographies of the 63 individuals. »

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Bio
Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris is an Author/Entrepreneur. TJ specializes in paranormal/super natural phenomenon. TJ was a professional consultant and expert witness on legal investigations and has prior military and government service in the USA 1980-1993. Professionally she uses her initials TJ. TJ has written several paranormal books including Ascension Age 2012 & Beyond, Alien UFO Story by TJ, Avatar Oracle Xeno Guide, Roswell Connection, Roswell UFO Encounters, UFOS & Extraterrestrials, and Uplifting the Soul. All books are in print available. TJ shares her life with TJ Morris & Friends and is an Ambassador of Goodwill with American Culture International Relations and ACIR. TJ Morris is her trademark ACIR her service mark.
TJ also edits books for her friends and publishes books such as mysteries and paranormal romance. Professional History in corporate international marketing, manufacturing, legal investigations, newspaper columnist, and magazine publisher. TJ lives in Kentucky USA with husband who is also an author. TJ is a speaker, spiritual consultant, producer, publisher. TJ spends much of her time assisting others as a consultant in business and with building websites. TJ’s are ACIR.us, AmericanNewsMagazine.com, TJMorris.org, ETSpirit.org,  ASCENSIONcenter.org, and many others as media online press including TimelyManorBooks.com. Tj’s books available on Amazon and Lulu under Theresa J Morris and TJ Thurmond Morris. TJ has been interested in the Alien ET UFO Community all her life with a strong research history in the metaphysics, ontology, and is founder of the ACE Folklife Historical Society and Ascension Center.org.

 TJ is also a natural born leader as a Capricorn with Aquarius rising and promotes expos, seminars, and her friends and their business interests. TJ attracts others who desire to share similar interests in social networks and is a social entrepreneur. TJ writes about what interests her including her friends and their businesses. TJ loves people, places, things, and having a near death experience learned the power of meditation and prayer for all those who believe as she does in Ascension Vertical Lifestyles for body-mind-spirit. TJ has been a Life Coach to those who request her services as a mentor. TJ is a known planner organizer since she founded Psychic Network in Hawaii 1990-1993 and has worked in seminars and expos in the USA.

GAME OF LIFE as AVATARS

ASCENSION AGE
AVATAR
Infinite Power
That which the Seeker becomes as a Seer.
That which a Truth seeker becomes as a Mage
AVATAR
“You have survived uncounted centuries. Your knowledge of magic is unparalleled. The primal forces of the universe quiver at your merest beckoning. What secrets await the mage who possesses such masterful knowledge? Death, beginnings, the wisdom of the Oracles – these are your quests now. Let none stand between you and the light of Ascension!”
The Book of Life
We share that which is able to be anewed in all lifetimes. We seek truth in wisdom. The key to the spiritual being for the soul’s growth and understanding in all playing levels of the universe, multiverse, metaverse, xenoverse, and omniverse. No soul is allowed outside of the Omniverse in this level of the birth-life-death and body-mind-spirit three dimensional world of essence in ascension sentient intelligent beings who are biological. Artificial Intelligence aka A.I. may be explored in Advanced Reseearch in the Super Fascicle of Exophenotypology of the alien ET spirit.
We have prepared a “Game of Life” with the Goal as Ascension into the Avatar.
Please decide carefully whether you want to pursue to Game of Life in the Matrix with others of your humanoid kind. We train the Spiritual Intellectuals to assist the humanoids spiritual beings who choose to come to earth. Those who volunteer their time to train new spirits in the three dimensional plane of birth-life-death as body-mind-spirit will be rewarded in the higher levels of the souls progression. As above so Below. We honor the Higher Supreme Beings by choosing to desire they will be done on earth as it is in heaven. This is our pledge to allow our Superiors to work their spiritual essence through us to shift and uplift humanity while on the lower places and planes as levels and dimensions throughout the Omniverse.
The lower levels begin when an essence is created and is chosen to be sent to the Guf of souls. This is where the exophenotypology begins.
Then the spirit is formed to accommodate the new soul.
From this point of origin one is formed into the spiritual essence plasma that exists in all things in all levels of life in the Beyond and in the Omniverse as the creators choose for the newly created form.
The levels are chosen First for the Neophytes is Level 1 the lowest level is the universe,
Level 2 multiverse,
Level 3 metaverse,
Level 4 xenoverse,
Level 5 Omniverse
Chapter One: Retrospect
This chapter tells us what drives a mage to be an Arch mage. The two most important things are Seeking and Avatar.
A Seeking, in game terms, is the quest or significant enlightenment, which allows you to go up one dot in Arête. These seeking are particularly tough once past six dots of Arête. To the player character, Seeking are tests administered by the Avatar. Basically your Avatar wants to Ascend, but it is unable to do that until you are true to yourself and learn from your mistakes. You need to seek-out enlightenment. Many Seeking focus on deep engrained personality traits and tiny flaws. Your Avatar knows these tiny flaws, and makes them your biggest problem. Even if the flaw kills you. Remember your Avatar can just go on to the next soul if it does not make it this around.
The Avatar section tells us what we already know about Avatars, but it does tell us more on how they interact with the mage and his Seeking. As you know the Avatar can be described in four ways Dynamic, Pattern, Primordial and Questing. These are not new to us, but they list a fifth Essence called Infinite. The Infinite essence is attained when a mage ascends or becomes an Oracle. His Avatar finds all the other three pieces of essence, puts them together, and in turn is whole with everything or infinite. What is an Avatar anyway? This does contradict the core book, but this explanation is better. The Avatar is essentially a shard of Prime energy tied to the awareness of a human soul. When that soul passes on the Avatar separates and can pick another soul. This process continues until it ascends. Does an Avatar think? Well they explain that to in detail. It kind of messes with your head.
Chapter Two: Threshold
Threshold answers the questions; what does it take to be an Arch mage? In addition, how does a Master know when she has become an Arch mage?
There are four prerequisites to being an Arch mage; responsibility, ambition, thirsts for knowledge, and power. I like the way they set this up, because it takes you even deeper into your characters psyche and really fleshes it out more. When you get down to it and ask these questions, you will find that they are not that easy to answer. If you play the character in the universe of Mage: The Ascension these questions are vital. Without responsibility for the power you wield others will kill you before you even start. With no ambition, you are stuck on the path. No knowledge and you do not know where to begin. Lastly, without power you are physically unable to make things happen.
This chapter also covers the different Degrees of Potential. The different levels of greatness and how they generally act. Covering Disciples, Masters, and Arch mages. They give reasons why some of the Masters in the Ascension War don’t go on to study to be Arch mages and why Arch mages don’t succeed in attaining there goals.
Chapter Three: Arch mastery
So now, you have attained the tile Arch master and are trying it on for size. There are some things you might want to think about first. This chapter covers being an Arch mage with the people around you. Who can forget mortal ties? The importance of friendship and family. Once an Arch mage, it is harder and harder to go back to Earth. The paradox will kill you if you are not careful. However, without some kind of friend or family to tie yourself to humanity you will most likely go crazy. After being out of touch with people for a long time, you forget how to talk and react with them. Human contact is the most important factor in being an Arch mage. So what do you do? Do you bring them to your horizon realm? Protect them from your enemies and even from time itself? How much paradox would that take? What are your options?
Supernatural ties are a little easier to have, but can get out of control much faster than regular sleepers. Other supernatural entities are a good place to get information and friendship. This section gives the approachable super naturals from all occupations (and death). The trick in dealing with other super naturals is not to be caught up in their schemes and plots. An Arch mage as an ally who does not know she was an ally could come in handy for a vampire. Warning there is a lot of crossover stuff from other games so get over it.
Quest and Tasks is a section I thought would come in handy to mention. How does an Arch mage learn after she has surpassed her teacher? After all the books in Horizon are read? Other Arch mages do not have the time to teach. Nevertheless, Exemplars, if you can understand them, do. Shard Realms are gone over very well. How to talk to a God is in here. The subtle touch and sledgehammer methods of casting magic are quickly discussed. However, that is all Earth stuff. When dealing in the Umbra, no holes barred, things get exciting.
Resonance is the accumulated inertia of a mage’s workings. The more powerful you are the more Resonance around you. Resonance is gone through to the nth degree.
The book does not explain Paradox very well, but once you sift through the garbage surrounding the rules it is complete. It explains a lot, but adds more questions to the pool. There is a neat little spell that lets you cut out the parts of your body with Paradox and through it away.
Places of Power, shows us why it is so hard to step sideways. Expanded information on Null Zone, a place were magic does not work. There is information on realms of pure thought called Epiphanies, and personal pocket realms in the Umbra called Steadings.
Chapter Four: Ascension
The ultimate goal for most mages is of course, ascension. One big factor it seems in achieving ascension is immortality. This part of the book goes through some ways to achieve it. The coolest immortality trick that they come up with is static rebirth. This does not keep you alive forever, but it does ensure that you are as you where when you are born again. Your old body is repaired and comes back around while your spirit hangs around and then returns. Like a mummy.
There is also a big section on Exemplars, Godhood and Oracles that should be read carefully. It gives great insight on how these three very powerful beings relate, act and ascend.
So, let us say you want to ascend. First, you have to make a plan.
There are two widely accepted plans. The first is to go with the Traditions and second is to go with the Technocracy. The Traditions have a plan of individual ascension and the Technocracy have a plan of Unification of Global Awakening. It is very cool to see how different even the Traditions are from each other.
This chapter will also give you the actual character creation steps for a young Arch mage. There are also new merits and flaws. In addition, to conclude, I want to give you a taste of what is out there, so this is a list of ninth level spheres.
Correspondence No limits; you can go anywhere regardless of barriers or wards e.g. the Gauntlet, Horizon; all space is truly one space.
Entropy True Destiny; can see the Tellurium in it is every changing ways. You see all infinite possibilities and know which one will happen. You can also change a beings Destine by rising, lowering or hide it altogether.
Forces Alter Universal Forces; can manipulate the interaction of the Shenti; can change how a universal force functions, or invent an entirely new force; “This is the Force of Thon, which removes the distinctions of gender.”
Life Perfect Immortality; only through the mage’s will can her Life Pattern be affected; mage’s Pattern sustains itself regardless of perceived damage; the mage simply expands her Life Pattern to tie directly to the Tellurian.
Matter Subjective Reality; creates Matter Patterns that respond to etheric Patterns, like Mind and Spirit.
Mind One Mind; access to all minds; total intuition; Mind exists independently in the flow of the universal Mind.
Prime Expel Base Paradox/Create Universe; mage can toss Paradox off into the ether; can create a pocket Universe.
Spirit Awaken Avatar; the power to forces an Avatar to Awaken.
Time Exist Apart from Time; view the time line as a whole from beginning to end; watching the Armageddon clock; his Pattern’s entire span of existence is fused into a single “moment that encompasses the whole age
WHO IS THERA JANUS also KNOWN AS “TJ” in PHYSICS and METAPHYSICS?

I am the child of CHAOS and later METIS. I am TJ the female spirit as the Mother NATURE and Nature’s GOD. I AM WE AND WE ARE ONE. ALL FOR ONE AND ONE FOR ALL AS ONE HUMANOID SPECIES. WE ARE THE YOUNG SPIRITS HERE ON THIS PLANET TOGETHER.

We have some of our AVATAR ASCENSION MASTERS OF THE ASCENSION AGE>

<p>We are going to learn that which our ancestors knew and many of us have forgotten in the critical mass consciousness. It is up to the Avatar Ascension Masters to put back on earth that which we have forgotten in our overall ACE FOLKLIFE.</p>
<p>We are a young humanoid species. We are learning about how to share one planet with those outside of our own unit, vessel, array.</p>
<p>Presently we treat each other as self-contained unit vessels, which are biological in nature. We all tend to desire that which we cannot have and we create a passion for things that exist outside of our own units.</p>
<p>That which is considered the basics to sustain life are of course food, and water, or the reverse as 1 and 2. The third (3) thing we as humanoids require on this planet is shelter. Shelter from the harsh elements such as the solar rays from the sun and the freezing cold temperatures. Those who are our ancestors knew this and chose to seek out the areas of the world that would best sustain life with all of these conditions met. We then learned we needed number four (4) protection. We learned that in order to sustain our species we had to protect our kind in order to procreate. This is how the four basic elements of our species intelligence graduated in steps or levels. We learned about the need for fire and soon learned that we preferred our meat cooked. We were given teeth to eat with in order to survive. We learned what plants we could eat and what meat to kill to sustain our humankind. All the animals and plants in this kingdom were given along with all the fowl of the sky in order for our humankind to survive. We are certainly like pets for those who are higher in intelligence.</p>
<p>We have always believed as a critical mass consciousness in the divine intelligent design. Some would now have us believe otherwise. I am here to share that there are other more intelligent life forms and we are told to respect the hierarchy in order for us to share and sustain our species on planet earth.</p>
<p>We of the Ascension Center are of like minds and have lived before. We have lived before and have memories that allow us to know of our past lives. It is not a requirement to join our group of like minded spirits but in our world we plan on finding out tribes at this time on this planet.</p>
<p>We are going into the next age, which is about abundance with health and prosperity for all humankind. We are to base this on Tectonic Economics in both sustenance in communication. For instance, we plan to share the Internet and World Wide Web.</p>
<p>In order to share information, the information that I send our from my location based on longitude and latitude coordinates is now my physical address on this planet. We are to all have a location and it will be based on our Global Positioning System.</p>
<p>We shall also send out the Content Providers and the storage will be based on continents. In other words, what I have on this continent will be stored here and if someone in JAPAN wants to see, what I create it will be first send to a storage unit in that country and then will be kept there for a person who wanted it. This is the beginning of archive retrieval systems of the World Information Network or WIN. I began this personally through my sharing of information when I received the Ascension Center. It was about 1990 when I expected to be able to talk to my computers and wanted my office in Hawaii to speak with my office in LA, Atlanta, and New York. My mind was ahead of progress on this planet and apparently being a Time Traveler I miscalculated our knowledge with computers.</p>
<p>This is what I learned about myself. That being in two places at once and knowing what I know as an Avatar Master with memories of one location and sharing them with the other side of the METAVERSE was not yet happening in the 20th century on earth.</p>
<p>I had made myself transparent to those who worked for me on computers and in my physical life so I had to make changes. I had to leave that period and return from Hawaii to the Mainland and lay low so to speak until time once again reached me in the future of which I thought I had arrived. This is hard for most of our sentient intelligent being species to believe so they will believe this to be fiction. I have many past lives and I have known that what I shared would change this world. This is because of my heritage and my mission to return to this planet.</p>
<p>I have returned from the dead on more than one occasion and not just in this body. My daughter GIGI who goes by SYZYGY in this lifetime has also learned to return but she is still considered a young soul in this life thereby being a child in the other part of my metaverse. She is my child in this lifetime. She can assist me with shifting and uplifting human consciousness but I was told there was a divine plan and time frame.</p>
<p>Those who are to learn how to manipulate time in the future are not too learn too fast or we will have a repeat performance of the life we created in ATLANTIS.</p>
<p>We have for lack of better working words GODS and GODDESSES above. I must explain that they are the Supreme High Council and I cannot explain this any better than to say there are 12 both of the male and female array. There is a woman over this quadrant in this universe at this level.</p>
<p>It will take us a long time to understand what I am to teach as a Teacher and to some a Prophetess. We will use the ways of the past because they have worked well. It was always the MESSENGERS and not the SOLDIERS who usually received the changes to occur. Once a soldier did receive a vision and he changed the world. His name was Constantine. Some of you may have heard of him. </p>
<p>Then one Jesus came and he prepared the way for the higher dimensions to be understood and this has been left up to the word and work of the Folklife once again. The plays for power in the Game of Life have taken over from time to time and the critical mass population has allowed certain ways to happen. We are those who tend to forget quite easily that for which we came here for or our mission on this planet.</p>
<p>This is a paradise, oasis, garden of Eden to some, and to others simply a planet to explore and research. Then we have those who come to learn combat. Our world here has been separated in time to accommodate the spirits who desire to come here.</p>
<p>We have allowed a time calendar in the higher Metaverse that filters down from the Omniverse through the Xenoverse.</p>
<p>It is to assist us in keeping order among the younger spirits who come to learn about how to use their spirits and they are spiritual children. This is considered a playground for our young child universes.</p>
<p>Each unit will grow up to be a male God or a female Goddess and will rule their own planet. When they can do this, they will learn to grow up a level and learn to become part of the galactic council in the family of galaxies that exist in this universe. Some spirits can only think this high because they are young spirits.</p>
<p>Then there are the older more intelligent and longer life living in the space-time continuum and these are the ones who learn to govern universes. They are chosen. </p>
<p>From that level in the Multiverse where the universes exist, they are all taught the higher level of creating order out of chaos. Chaos was the beginning Father and then split to create Mother in the Omniverse level. They govern the areas that are new in the X zone of creation that is where the XENOVERSE is located just before we reach the entire Omniverse our outer perimeter of this Omni. The Omni are all Gods and Goddesses at the Supreme High LEVEL. We are not allowed to venture outside of the OMNIVERSE as souls without training to the other BEYOND. We are told that it has always been and we are not allowed to venture outside in our essences due to the lack of protection from being expanded into nothingness at that level. Therefore the forbidden zone in the vast wilderness of space is created as the XENOVERSE.<br /><br />
We all train above and below this XENOVERSE.</p>
<p>For now, it is up to me to offer the information as it comes to me. I am a channel of energy from the highest Supreme High Council who is considered God and Goddess. Due to the Supreme High Council that exist on this side of the Xenoverse they are located in the Metaverse.</p>
<p>In order for me to return to the outer layer of the Omniverse I must train and learn the various levels of managing all the laws of physics and metaphysics in this level. I am an Avatar Ascended Master and this is my ninth (9th) life on this planet. I have returned and I know that it does not get easier.</p>
<p>We have various levels of existence in all our levels above. There are those who are at the God and Goddess level in training. Those who Mentor the Younger Demi Gods, and there are those who act as Angels including all the levels of Guardians. Some are Messengers, and some are Warrior Angels. They serve those above in the Supreme High Council who are allowed to serve at the most high Gods side in the round table that exists in the higher planes.</p>
<p>We are to learn how to behave, observe, and explore here and in return, we learn to enjoy our senses such as our senses. We learn to enjoy the air, wind, water, and fire. We learn to enjoy the taste of food and drink. We have the freedom of space and freewill while we are here but only for a short time in the level and dimension of three (3). This is why we have a time frame on our unit vessel array of a human life span. It is up to us to learn how to manage our time and learn to take care of our individual units while here. Some of us are here to take care of the younger spirits sent here to this place. To some it is a chore to maintain the young spirits and if appears to me more like a day care center. Others maintain the animals and this becomes a zoo. We even have a quantum zoo for our smallest quarks.</p>
<p>There are four (4) quarks at this time discovered on this planet.</p>
<p>We are in the precession years and it is time that we learn to rediscover our past and our future.</p>
<p>It is time to awaken the sleepers and this is why I chose to return once again. I am the instigator or being who chose to come here to welcome or herald in the new Ascension Age. I have been working on since I was assigned the position on January 27, 1974 a chosen task. To those of you who have an awakening experience, there is always a feeling of a higher purpose. I am here to assist each of you find that higher purpose. I am a Guardian Angel on one level of the entire human race. In another light and lifetime, I am considered a Demi Goddess. There are many lifetimes and steps, levels, and dimensions.</p>
<p>It will now be up to me to ask for other spiritual intellectual souls to accept their past lives and to recognize their gifts, talents, and passions so that we can direct the future.</p>
<p>Those who will need direction will now be coming to me at the Ascension Center Organization, the ET spirit Organization, or the more down to earth workers with the TJ Morris.org. Those at the TJMorris.org are the scribes, teachers, librarians, and computer geeks so to speak.</p>
<p>Those in the ET SPIRIT Organization are already aware of their spiritual levels and have done much of their spiritual work already to know that they are extraterrestrial spirits with a connection to another place in space in this galaxy or another. I have spoken to others from Andromeda Galaxy with whom all want peace for this planet. They are always assisting others who are from other galaxies and they serve as the Ambassadors in this universe. I have had a life there and am considered a warrior and commander there although I am a communication officer here on this planet this time around. I am assigned warriors who are now considered my bodyguards of spirit as those who protected me in the ancient world called Knights Templars. I was once one of them as well so I understand their loyalty to my father in heaven for “ONE FOR ALL AND ALL FOR ONE!” This is their mission in life this time as what is now called “FREEMASONS and ROSICRUCIANS.”<br /><br />
We have those who are peaceful and yet will give their life for me and the SPIRIT of the Esprit de corps I carry of GOD and Mother Goddess who we do not speak her name out of reference and because our Father has asked us at the Demi God not to reveal to the younger spirits who come here for fear of their ignorance and blasphemy.</p>
<p>There are many now who are called to service as BAHAI from the past teachers of the ancient world religions of EUROPE. This faith in the ASCENSION CENTER was intentionally began with me in HAWAII the past home of one of my lifetimes in LEMURIA or what we called MU!</p>
<p>From there I had a life in ATLANTIS and then ONE IN THE REGION of THE VIKINGS and I WAS IN IRELAND, AND IN EGYPT. I was born again as a child who was unknown and kept secret and taken to FRANCE.</p>
<p>From their I died and returned as a Knight Templar to protect my father’s shroud for this time now in the future for when I agreed to return to explain my actions. The Shroud of TURIN is real and it will be those who believe in the Ascension Age and the Ascension Center that will change this world for the good of all with ALL FOR ONE AND ONE FOR ALL once again. We are seen as one young species on this planet and once again, we must learn about all the ancient high councils and history so that we can accept the future in our present lives while we are here.</p>
<p>God Bless AMERICA and THE WORLD! We are the World! TJ </p>
<p>PHYSICS AND METAPHYSICS IN JAINISM</p>
<p> BY DR SANJAY JAIN<br /><br />
  sanjaylambade@rediffmail.com</p>
<p>Physics seeks to know nature through the study of matter, energy and their interactions and the laws of physics are often termed as laws of nature. Thus, physics had been studied as a philosophy of nature since antiquity. Jain scriptures too provide us interesting insights into physics and metaphysics.<br /><br />
In physics, the physical attributes of matter, such as size, shape, weight and color are studied using experimental observations and their interpretation through theoretical models. For example, the observation that an object thrown up comes down is explained based on model of gravity. The research endeavors in physics are aimed at bringing to fore secrets of nature using the existing knowledge in physics, i.e., physics is used to unlock more physics.<br /><br />
There are striking similarities between what we know today through physics and what is available in Jain scriptures. For example, the natural phenomena like propagation of sound and scattering of light have almost similar explanations. The use of the word pudgal for matter by Jain seers brings forth their fundamental understanding of atomic unifying basis of all matter that compares well with what we know from physics. Pudgal is a combination of puran (fusion) and Galan (fission) and thus explains the various states of matter and the myriad variety of materials around us. Mahavira’s Anekantawad and Einstein’s theory of relativity share many ideas in common and can be looked upon as philosophical / scientific translation of each other.<br /><br />
The metaphysical philosophy of Jainism is centered around the sharp distinction between the characteristics of the’ knower’ and the ‘known’. Knower, also termed as chetan, atman, self or soul, has characteristics explicitly different than those of the known, also termed as pudgal, jad, achetan or matter.<br /><br />
The knower, according to Jainism, does not possess any of the attributes of matter. It has no shape, size, weight or color. It thus transcends the boundaries of physics and falls outside the realm of physics. It becomes a subject of metaphysics. The founding principle of Jainism is that knower cannot be known physically as it does not follow physical laws. It is beyond any physical means of detection because it is nonphysical or metaphysical. According to Jainism mind, intellect and psyche are also not the knower but can be considered its reflections.<br /><br />
The attributes of the knower are richly discussed in Jain scriptures. They are knowledge, experience, belief and potency. However, these attributes should be understood in their proper perspective. Knowledge and experience here means stoic beholding and perception of things as they are in time and space. This knowledge is somewhat different than the one we generally understand and is gathered through mind’s eye, e.g., scientific knowledge. A knower is also termed as dnyata–drishta for this reason.<br /><br />
The presence of knower in a body means the presence of perception ability. The body that houses the knower is physical and thus obeys laws of physics. Branches of physics such as biophysics or medical physics deal, respectively, with the physics of life in general and physics of human bodies in particular. The sense organs through which we take the world in, i.e., know about it, are highly evolved and sophisticated physical systems. We normally tend to attribute perception to these organs but Jainism accords perception to them because of presence of chetan, i.e., the knower in them. Just as spectacles aid seeing but do not see by themselves, organs aid perception but do not perceive by themselves.<br /><br />
Thus, when one dies body exists but cannot perceive. In a dead body, eyes cannot see, ears cannot hear, nose cannot smell, skin cannot feel and tongue cannot taste because not all these perceptions are attributes of a physical body. They are attributes of the soul that has left the body and hence organs fail to perceive. The body that houses the self-takes birth, grows and dies. During its existence, it follows all the laws of physics. However, the metaphysical soul is immortal and imperishable, i.e., it existed before birth and will continue to exist beyond death. It neither grows nor decays.<br /><br />
The knower and the known thus form two mutually exclusive worlds. The world of known is the world of physics where we have amassed huge knowledge of things that can be known. Nevertheless, in this world the knower becomes unknown as it is out of focus. But the interesting paradox is that knower cannot be in focus as it is engaged in knowing. Soul Spirituality is a journey of disengaging the knower from the world of physics and engaging the knower in knowing or realizing the self.<br /><br />
Both physicists and spiritualists pursue research in their worlds with openness, honesty and dedication and bring forth their revelations. In physics, the revelations take the form of discoveries and inventions reported in research papers and seminars. The scriptures and sermons bring forth the revelations of self – realization by spiritualists and saints. Thus all that can be discovered (i.e., passes the test of physics) is either a part of existing physics or will be a future output of research in physics but the discovery of discoverer will alone lead to the spiritual progress of a discoverer.<br /><br />
In Jainism, the attachment with pudgal is considered to be at the root of all disharmonies and binds one to the perpetual cycle of birth and death. Thus, the disciples are enjoined upon to detach from the outer world and make a journey into the inner world with a goal of self – realization by following the three-fold path discussed in the following.<br /><br />
The dawning of the reality that chetan and pudgal are explicit is called samyak dnyan (right knowledge). Firm belief in this knowledge is called samyak darshan (right belief) and conduct that will lead to complete self – realization is called samyak charitra (right conduct).<br /><br />
Though chetan dwells in all life, its powers seem to be weakened due to attachment with pudgal. It is like covering an intense source of light by a thick cover and asking where the light is. The purest soul is the one that is liberated from the bondage pudgal. The purest soul is thus referred to as a state of ‘kewal dnyan’ i.e., ‘only knowledge’. It is a state of bliss, omniscience, omnipotent and omnipresence. In this state knowledge is not ‘acquired’ through senses, i.e., acquiring knowledge is not a process. This state is somewhat like a mirror in which the knowledge of all reality in space and time reflects and which thus ends all ignorance and curiosity that are the prerequisites for ‘acquiring’ knowledge.       </p>

Alien ET TJ Spirit Guided Divine Plan share of the ASCENSION AGE
Alien ET UFO Community Awakened Conscious Awareness of the Higher Soul Essence of Self
By Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris,
I am now allowed since the date of April 22, 2012 we all know as Earth Day to reveal to others of my higher calling and election made sure for the benefit of others who have a need to know to become awakened and aware of the Ascension Age on the planet Gaia we call earth.
The reason that we had to wait until Earth Day Conscious Awareness day in 2012 is because there is a “DIVINE PLAN” and everything on earth has a time and reason for all seasons and all things.
I am doing what I can to make the hierarchy of the way that our Omniverse is structured. We are all living in levels, realms, dimensions and we all are to learn about those who we call God and Goddess as those who are various levels of beings we call extraterrestrials and celestial beings. The highest form that has evolved inside this particular macrocosm we call Supreme Beings and their job is to bring order to chaos. In other words in the beginning before there was anything known to be considered outside of the beginning there was the first we call the alpha and the second was the omega and we all each are conceived from the first as alpha and the second as omega inside the third which is the place in space we know as the third or Omni.
All of this has been called the beginning and we say “In the beginning was the word and the word was without form. What this means is that in the original conceived energy as essence there was the first awakening awareness of self as one. Then the second this awareness was conscious the second was created to become that which is awakened awareness of the first which is the mirror image with a twist of fate that created the equal and opposite of all that is like the dark and light, up and down, positive and negative, inner and outer.
When I train children as infants as my star babies I teach them about being in the beginning and they had no form and they came from their first alpha father male and first omega mother female into that which is the outside macrocosm from that which was created by both the originals who give us our soul.
The soul is the key to our essence as what is our actual conceived light body in the darkness of space we call chaos. It is the light inside the dark that allows us to know we are someone in the somewhere. We then have those who were created as the children of this chaos of both the light and dark in what we call the balance of chaos and this is called the order.
The order came in the beginning after the first Alphaverse and Omegaverse inside the chaos in order to bring about the place as space for the dark and light to become awake and aware of the beginning.
The new place in space that the light and dark are created.
We have the 0 or womb of the all and the beginning and we add the 1 and 2 which creates the 3. We say in the beginning 0 was the word and the word was without form. We say that because we had to have the original Aha of that which was not in order to have that which was the beginning. We believe in the divine creation of the soul. The soul came into being from the all or nothing of the word of awakened awareness of the original soul self which makes up all the first souls that were created form that was given to become the beginning before the word and world was and before the omniverse was.
The Omniverse is the BIG O or the ONE. From the Original O was the original Alpha and Omega. From the nothing of which we know that nothing existed came what we consider the first original soul that when it was first aware over self it had to have an outer for the inner to step outside of the original soul.
That is how we have the inner soul and the outer self which is called the essence which makes up the spirit in all things. Therefore we are all created from an alpha male, and an omega female which joins energy essence to create a third inside the womb which comes to life in the outer chaos and order of the fourth. We need to have our understanding of our creation now while we are called humanoid co-creators of other divine spirits as essence that come to this place.
We are older souls that share our spirits in a form we call our unit vessels which is in the likeness of our original prototypes as the first models. We have souls that were the original first prototype and no two of us are exactly alike for a reason that only our original soul co-creators know.
The fact that we are now awakened to the fact that the veil of the all which is that which separates the chaos from the order as the balance is what was also first created to give separation. The intelligence of the fact that we are aware of ourselves is what we are now all sharing in this the new age or what is to be called the Ascension Age of the Ancient Alien Astronauts who from the heavens came who came before as the Ancient Ones sent to this planet by those above them who are older and wiser in the hierarchy of the sea of souls.
This is a very long and drawn out story over what we call time. Time is of the Essence. Time was created by the first Essence that was like what we call the Angel Hair from the first God Alpha and the first Goddess Omega that streamed together and what we now know was created to become the energy in order to become outside of both their own conscious awakened awareness of their own divine souls.
We have been taught this story by our ancient ancestors who left clues in imprints on our planet and in our psyches which is now our critical mass consciousness. We can see some of this in the artistic creations of the work in the word. In the beginning was the word and the word was without form and therefore our balance of all that is maintained as order inside the chaos.
There are many words in the work I share that I can now use but being that I am only one of the original soul creations by our divine plan of the original Supreme Beings we know as the God and Goddess this makes me a deity. We are all alien ET in one form or another and for the sake of work in words we call me as one outside of all others that has the awakened awareness responsibility as an older soul to share the work and words for my younger soul brothers and sisters. This is to be in the place we call the space of the Ascension Age. This is about as far as I can explain what I am doing here on this planet as what some call an Alien ET Hybrid or in spiritual work and words an Avatar Ascension Master Mentor as TJ.
I am one of the first meaning oldest essences to be given a soul and I am not only an old soul but am one of the first angels or aliens that came from space or what we know has heaven in the cosmos who has all the ancient alien ancestors memories recorded or imprinted inside my own soul in this life as DNA. The fact that we were all given the right to be separate and have our own soul inside the essence of our being becomes the spirit or the traveler in time and space. This gives us our setting about our business in the astral plane so we can become awakened and aware of our own soul self to become awakened and aware of all our outside experiences when we are aware we are somewhat, somewhere, and someplace outside of our own original soul which at this time we call quantum entanglement.
Our original soul is part of the original divine plane and the older original souls have come up with energy as essence that the original one and two which made the three in the four have agreed upon to become the five. We then obtain the six, seven, eight, and nine, with the levels and dimensions before we create another as the 0 or another omniverse.
Those who are not in the original soul group are not allowed to venture outside of their own omniverse.
I will explain more later so stay tuned… TJ of that which we call “TAKEN UP” as into the clouds as in a UFO. This is going about our own Father and Mothers Divine Business!
Ascension Age of Higher Consciousness Awakened Awareness of ET Time Lords
Each humanoid on earth is a sentient intelligent being. Each being is understood to have a unit as its vessel.
This unit vessel is one’s own personal container.  We use three divisions on earth for now to describe out main 3 parts of our own selves that we can all relate too that we all share as a common ground conscious awareness.
We all use on this planet as a humanoid what we refer to as the body-mind-spirit. We use the main three divisions and still know we have the emotional ego/id portion of our energy that we can learn to control as that part of us that responds to stimulation from the outside forces usually that we observe and respond to our outside environment including the weather.
The reason we are now sharing that all humanoids as sentient intelligent beings are now to join others of us who are the Avatar Ascension Masters of the Omniverse as the messengers of the Supreme Beings of the Alphaverse and Omegaverse is that it is now time to become awakened and aware of the higher soul self we call the glorious golden twin flame essence that is actually one’s own original soul as this part of each creations beginning.
We who are chosen before we come to earth with a choice in our own freewill of created soul essence in life are considered the older souls. We are taught about the hierarchy in heaven so to speak or in the co-created cosmos. We learn about those who from the heavens came before all those who are now present on earth and we regard them as the first and older humanoids that were created prior to all of us on earth or at least most all the young spirit souls on earth.
There are those who are the oldest and wisest who were in the beginning and we who are allowed to come and go from this level, plane, realm that were some of the first souls created are given various levels in what presently we know of as Time.
Alien ET TJ Spirit Guided Plan “New Atlantis” Project
Submitted by Theresa J. Thur… On Sun, 03/20/2011 – 09:12
By Theresa J. Thurmond Morris
                         All of us are now a part of the new beginning of Atlantis. We are the soul heirs to the future in space. We are also the soul airs, if one will allow a simple and fun play on words. We are going to now learn to share the spirit of the times, also known as zeitgeist.
I am going to change the German word from zeitgeist to ET spirit.
 Those who desire to assist in the future that want to share in creating the future Atlantis with others in synergy and esprit de corps may join me in a new organization called ET Spirit.Org. (etspirit.org).
 We of course still will use the Ascension Center Organization, which is about the shift and uplift of all our spiritual awareness to that of the spirit. These spiritual beings may or may not choose to assist us create the physical location of Atlantis on earth but this is going to be the physical Ascension Center called the New Atlantis project as well.
 Now, how this plays out is any bodies guess while I am still alive in physical body-mind-spirit on earth. Everyone has to remember that I am now considered 59 earth years. I was born on December 26, 1951. Yes, I am a day late and a dollar short baby born the day after Christmas. Ask anyone born on that date and they will explain the life and term we all share with that birth date for presents and gifts while on earth being on the normal American family life.
 I was given this vision when I was a business entrepreneur in Hawaii in 1990. I had the vision energy but it did not materialize into something I could fathom with my own mind until I died on January 27, 1974. I was allowed to come back to earth as was my baby daughter Ginger Theresa Fay Parrish Bowers who also died. I mean both our hearts had stopped and to all that knew of us both we were clinically dead. I have to participate in watching them cut me open from overhead as spirit. That was different to say the least. That was my first out of body experience or OBE. I had seen ET spirits before or whom I called angels as a child of 7 years when I was in the second grade in about April of 1957 while I attended Mitchell Elementary School in West Monroe, Louisiana. I caught Hepatitis and all the blood in my body was taken out by machine and purified somehow and that helped bring me back somehow. The Spirits I could see the Catholics were very interested in. That is a story I have told but not in detail.
 Just please know that I have plenty of spirit both in and out of body and I also can communicate with other ET spirits whether in a physical form or out. I can also see ET UFOS when I am needed. That too is another story. Apparently, I have a lot of explaining to do about my past life and my other past lives that have brought me to this moment in this life and in this time. I am also called a time traveler which most of those who truly take me seriously in the quantum physics scientific world prefer me to use with the work and worlds I frequent versus being an alien TJ ET spirit.
That too is a long story dealing with the past business corporation structures we have created on earth in the last twentieth century. I have to be able to work with the past and the present in order to create the future. It is what President Barrack Obama of the United States called reinventing one’s self and business ventures. I am sure President Obama knows of me since I was so adamant about changing the views of congress on the NASA views of going into space.
 Most of the friends of TJ Morris know that I am a mover and shaker social and spiritual entrepreneur. I have a guided spirit that shares a real passion for making this world a better place for all to encounter whole life energy of all body-mind-spirit. This means that we are going to begin sharing how we can all share in our future to make the world a better place for all future spirits.
 There are various parts of the plan for Atlantis. The first priority if location, location, location. This is still an important sale point in all parts of the omniverse. May I offer that a major part of what we are building is for all extraterrestrials that are here and will be coming here after December 21, 2012? 11:11. my creators allowed me four (4) beautiful daughters that can assist us when the time comes but for now they are all middle aged raising their children in school in Florida. Therefore, while they are doing their part to make sure they can survive while taking care of my grandchildren, I as woman in business will assist all those who desire to create a franchise business that will be like no other on earth.
 How will I do this one might ask? I plan to use my ET Spirit Guides. Belief is a wonderful power on this planet. It was once taught that if one has the belief as small as a mustard seed that one can move mountains. Those of us who are of a spiritual nature are going to test this saying out in our time. That is one of the ancient culture sayings. We are going to say those with ET spirit can make the world a better place by creating the New Atlantis.
 This past global catastrophe of 3-11-11 of a major earthquake and tsunami has opened my mind and awareness to more of what the Ascension Center is all about and it is amazing. I always knew something wonderful was going to happen in the future but it had not materialized.
 Now, for those who are non-believers, they will be able to participate in the future with those of the ET spirit on earth. For those who desire to make the future a pro-disclosure atmosphere of the governments of the world, we are going to learn about tectonic economics, which is the reason we will use the spiritual energy named “New Atlantis”. That is the name of this project.
 I realize that there are many people who have been my readers and fans in the past five years. Some are only made aware of me through UFO Digest and I will always be thankful to my soul group that includes Dirk Vander Ploeg, Robert Morningstar and all my colleagues as fellow writers. I hope that all my ET/UFO Community friends will join me in my new quest to rebuild and restructure Atlantis. This time it is my hope and desire to bring the Etspirit from within to the without for the entire world to behold.
 Many of the past has tried and that is where the Egyptian pyramids were introduced. They were also used to create the mysticism of humanities imagination, which has worked in this world. In addition, they were first used in the ancient of days to locate the human populations from space. That is another story of the ancient aliens and we are about the future ET spirit. I have had so many spiritual experiences and ET UFO experiences that I lost count. I know that for many who have only seen one UFO that is must have been a wonderful experience. However, for me, I know that they are real and alien civilizations exist and this is just a part of life on earth. I do not have the first epiphany experience that others have anymore. I had mine and had to learn how to live a life as normal while my normal was sharing ET, Spirit Guides, and UFOS. Therefore, my life is one that could and should probably be shared with the global population but they will hear it when it is time. Right now, I want to concentrate on bringing others together that desire to be included in the Ascension Center Organization, the ET Spirit Organization, and the TJ Morris Organization.
 Now, there will be many people on earth and especially in the corporate Fortune 500 world that will ask why do I need three organizations. The answer is that each serves a purpose and the triad is one of the most powerful forms one can use on earth. This particular triad will be one that starts with an E, one that starts with an A, and one that starts with a T. Put the three letters together and that spells the word “EAT”.
 What does the humanoid species like to do best and do so to survive while on earth? We eat and this is a way to remember all three organizations, Etspirit.org, Ascensioncenter.Org, and TJ Morris.org.
 We will find a way to recognize all members. For now, we share social networking and have to create our websites and Facebook pages. We will be planning our marketing and business plans along with our future Ascension Center ET Spirit Space Port.
 The project for all three involved at this point is called the “NEW ATLANTIS”. This will also include the quest for all past history that is of the Ancient Mystery Schools and all the antique relics.
 We will share in our ACE Folklife with the common folk of the middle class, which deals in art, culture, education, science, and technology. This is the worker bees so to speak on this planet. We all are volunteers and we include our hobbies and most are collectors of some type. IF not of ET UFO information, then of ancient artifacts as in archaeology and some can only afford fine replicas of things. I like the sphinx and I have only two.  Now, I plan to build one outside the New Atlantis.
 We will create a way to share that which will be promoting a spaceport in the United States of America and then we will franchise out to all other countries that desire to use our proven model by my ET spirit Guides. At this point, I am the creator founder of this project due to every corporation will need a founder as the point of origin or who first received the idea which will spread around the world. That is how we have learned to share our energy on earth. I have done this before in the past and many people have just been waiting for me to finally get the last piece of the puzzle so that they could participate with me as staff in the Ascension Center, the New Atlantis, the ET Spirit Organization, or the TJ Morris Organization. I hope to see many jobs created and we will support drop shipping for obvious tectonic economic reasons.
 The one main goal is to create my ET spirit guided energy into something that people all over the world can recognize as products, services, and will be able to desire a passion for working for this franchise in the future. We of course will use the present global community idea of utilizing corporations with angel backers who will then become stockholders preferred and common.
 It is my hope to get all of this far enough along on earth before I die. I will leave my four daughters in charge of four separate corporations as the founder’s heirs. One corporation will be strictly for the family and it will depend on one girl to manage my estate when I die. That daughter will have to manage the money in the trust that I plan on making for our own family to exist. Right now, I only require a tithing or 10% for my consulting fee of what I begin as thought.
 When I put this thought into service I require a 15% Management fee. Right now, as far as my books are priced I am given the cost of material and labor but we have to add in shipping cost which is now part of our formula being that we are a global community. So FedEx, UPS, and US Mail are a part of our extended global reach family. Keep in mind if you join our organizations that whatever products and services we create, we will sooner or later set up franchise businesses around the world with our logo and service marks. These in time will develop goodwill. I have been working as long as I can remember. My first paying job on my U.S. social security card was at Dairy Queen in Houston, Texas in 1966. I have been working since 1966 in the United States. That gives me 45 years of experience in the Unites States as either an employee or entrepreneur. I have experience as a President/CEO of both profit and nonprofit corporations. We can do this with positive spirit of encouragement. I will do what I can to maintain my body-mind-spirit while we create this “New Atlantis” project.
 I create products, I require the cost of labor and material plus we double the sale price for those who desire to franchise the model we use in business. Then for those who manage all businesses, we require a 40% above the maintained business plan cash flow for unexpected catastrophes to maintain cash flow on earth. My grandchildren may also partake in management and administration if they so desire. It will require interest and energy on their own part in order to succeed. No one will be required to become a part of this spiritual venture if they do not feel guided by their own ET spirit. TJ

Sarah was awakened from sleep only to be visited by the Supreme Being who had guided her to those who were called the Supreme High Council of Alpha and Omega.
Sarah was her spiritual name and one which was a past life first of one of many names which she had been blessed with as one of the first spirits to be sent to earth.
Now Sarah was facing her future with the understanding that she had agreed to be chosen for this mission to earth. Sarah was anticipating the ritual which she had learned about in her life on earth.
The physical body was taken to be bathed, oiled, perfumed and draped in her native white gown of those who are of the Golden Deity Custom dress and Robe with hood.
The tribes of the ancients were called the Ancestors and Sarah had agreed to return to earth once again to share in the truth of what on earth was called the history of the Christ Consciousness which was as close to her father in heavens way that was designed in order to bring harmony and balance in a world of disorder and chaos when left to the mere humanoids.
Sarah had been taught about prior lives on earth when humanoid sentient intelligent beings reached a point in their evolution where they would breed various other world creations. Also, they had learned through evolutionary technology to create robotic humanoids without souls. This was repeated throughout time on earth and the past of humanoids had a history from the time of Lemuria and Atlantis. This time would be different. The memories would be brought back to many of the young new born spirits who were the children of the ancient souls from the first soul group that was the sons and daughters of the original deities.
This was the news of which Sarah was to be given in the telepathic way of vibrations from one of the female deities who worked directly for the God Alpha and Goddess Omega of the original souls who have always been.
We who are the Ascension Authority of the Alpha and Omega have chosen you as our messenger.
We welcome you and share that this time on earth you will be allowed to retain some memories of your past lives on earth. Some will be of lives in other galaxies in the universe. We share that you will now have memories of the levels of the universe, multiverse, metaverse, xenoverse, and omniverse.
Go and teach the ways of the Star Trekkers and the Star Warriors that will become known on earth.
This will become your letter of authorization that will become known on earth. We shall send telepathic messages to you in the future for now your spirit cannot retain all that we desire to share.
Go now and make your calling and election made sure as our chosen Messenger as the Female chosen of the Alpha Males and the Omega Females. We have shared your ancestors for eons and know that your soul has been blessed with the agreement of all that is for the greater good of the humanoid kind.
Go now and share in the way of the “Keeper of the Flame” that which will become the Book of Theresa which was inspired by God and God Mother and teach the Ascension.
This is our desire as the Divine Plan for the Divine Plane we now share as one of our terra form creations we designed as Gaia which is a working planet for many of our children who share in the astral travel as spiritual Time Lords. We grant the Lords and Ladies of spirit that is of the essence which is allowed to bring back all the memories that are imprinted on their screens of the mind inside the unit containers of the individuals who are to become the future Co-creators of future Omniverses. They will now learn to expand the known out of the unknown of which we as the original creators who have always been have bequeathed to all those new born souls out of the sea of souls after our own kind. Go now and share this with your own self in mind, body, and spirit to be shared with those whom you shall call friends.
We grant the future with TJ Morris & Friends on earth as those who shall believe in the world and work of the Ascension Center.
NEWS &EVENTS
PRESS RELEASE PUBLIC
Thank you
Access to Information Central Clearing House
ASCENSION CENTER INFORMATION RESOURCE as ACIR of the ASCENSION AGE.
Ascension ET Authority has given consent via agreement of all Gaia Earth confirmations for the
Ascension Center Organization and all Ascension Center Enlightenment
By order of the Supreme Beings of the Alpha and Omega of the Omniverse this notice is hereby released for all public relations and business to be transacted by their ambassador of goodwill for the health and prosperity for all on planet earth in the Milky Way Galaxy and in relation to all information supplied by the Andromeda Galaxy of Federations in the Alliance of 2012.
This order is hereby bequeathed to the official Founder and Ambassador of Goodwill for the entire universe for higher consciousness and of higher spiritual attainment.
This information will be shared among those who are our chosen Messengers. Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris will be about our business and will here by become our Spiritual Council on earth.
As of this date April 23, 2012 the day after Earth Day on earth, we hereby appoint our Ascension Center Representative to conduct business as Ascension Center ET Authority, Ascension Center, Ascension Center Organization, The Ascension Center Law, The Ascension Center Business, and any and all other information to be continued on earth by and way of our agreement with said messenger born on earth as Theresa Janette Thurmond and now known as Theresa J Morris, and as the Spiritual Ascension Master TJ.
The Ascension Center is hereby known that TJ is responsible for conducting all our business on earth as our representative.
TJ married the church of the Ascension Center on April 22, 2012 and has hereby given up all her earthly desires to marry another and her days of childbirth are now behind her and she can devote all her time on earth from this day forward to creating heaven on earth of the people, for the people and by the people so help her God.
This is a matriarch maternal affair of which the Omega Females shall be recognized as the feminine rule in this time and dispensation along with the prior 200o year reign of the Alpha Males on earth.
December 21, 2012 marks the new date and time and dispensation on the calendar as the ASCENSION CENTER chosen day as ANCESTOR DAY in the future on all world calendars.
This is hereby given to all in the web and in the Akashic Field. We make not in the Akasha Field and With TJ Morris Publishing as our chosen spirit, angel, alien, extraterrestrial, avatar, and ascension master.
AKASHA CENTER NOTIFICATION is HEREBY SHARED with the ASCENSION CENTER and all that is to be governed under the name f or business on earth as ASCENSION CENTER ORGANIZATION. The future of the Ascension Center Network will be with all other communications and community organizations.
Access to Information Central Clearing House
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Access to Information Central Clearing House was established by the UK Government in January 2005. The Central Clearing House’s was set up to ensure consistent application of the Data Protection Act 1998, the Freedom of Information Act 2000, and the Environmental Information Regulations (EIRs) across Central Government.
 The Central Clearing House provides expert advice for cases referred to the Information Commissioner or Information Tribunal.
Procedures exist to ensure that all requests which activate one of a number of ‘triggers’ are referred to the Clearing House.
Critics have blamed the Central Clearing House for the rising number of appeals to the Information Commissioner and for ‘being bent on blocking as many requests for information as it can’.
Triggers for referring requests to Central Clearing House:
The Government has published a list of triggers which will result in request being referred to the Central Clearing House these triggers fall under five main headings:
Prime Ministerial and Ministerial Issues
Royal Household and Honors
Procurement and Efficiency
Cross-Whitehall Issues
Ministerial Veto Certificates and Security
References
^ List of ‘triggers’ for referral to the DCA Clearing House, Department of Constitutional Affairs
Thank you to Coke for allowing us to participate with the Pass Christian Carnival Festival and allowing Our Founder’s Daughter Stephanie Parrish and Dewayne Saucier to give boat rides on the Dawn’s Angel Charters for this weekend of EARTH DAY!
We appreciate the GOLDEN GULF COAST of our USA!
Thank you BP for cleaning up and providing jobs after the unfortunate oil spill off our coast. We hope that the photo of the founder’s daughter on the beach with Dewayne and Daughter Kali Mariah Smith is a memorable one being it was used 2011-2012 and was complimentary and permission was given to the photographer.
Special Visit
We are fortunate to have our town’s mayor come and speak with us in our new conference hall. He will be discussing the power of community based organizations in helping society. The mayor will also be fielding questions and breaking bread with those in attendance. We are excited to have such an honored guest!
Special Earth’s Atmosphere on Earth’ Day, April 22, 2012
Nitrogen (N2) 78.084%
Oxygen (O2) 20.946%
Argon (Ar) 0.934%
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 0.0383 %
Neon (Ne) 0.001818 %
Helium (He) 0.000524 %
Methane (CH4) 0.0001745 %
Krypton (Kr) 0.000114%
Hydrogen (H2) 0.000055 %
There is also a varying amount of water vapor, depending on the altitude and conditions where it is measured
A link is provided to the Wikipedia article on the earth’s atmosphere.
Monday Movie Night
Our next Community Monday Movie Night will take place on June 11th at the Anyscreen theater complex in Anytown. We have reserved our own theater for a showing of “Gone with the Wind”. The movie will begin promptly at 7:00PM. Proceeds benefit the Kids Camp Scholarship Fund. Get your tickets now!
SPECIAL CONTENT WRITING BY OUR ACE – Authors, Copywriters, Editors Notes on Automatic Writing and Brainstorming for the future to be share through the Ascension Center Organization, ACE Metaphysical Academy. ACE Institute, and for all ACE Folklife in the preservation of our ancestors art, culture, education, science, technology, folklife, and history.
Please take note that our story teller of the future research and shares of past and future lives shall include our chosen messenger TJ Morris of the story TAKEN UP which will become the Book of Theresa for all time and eternity and the truth will be known as TJ the messenger who shares the Christ consciousness of the unexplainable mysteries of life in the known and the unknown of the Xenoverse inside the Omniverse.
We have confirmed to our messenger of choice as Theresa Janette Thurmond that which we shall continue to explain in the divine plan as the quantum entanglement place and plane of the theory of everything directly related to the entire Omniverse of all creations of Alpha and Omega.
Alphaverse and Omegaverse are reserved for those who have always been and for their children who were listed on earth as those who from the heavens came. The heavens are now recognized as the cosmos and we have a universal translator which will continue to serve on earth in the web for the Internet communication of our own design as inspiration through humanoid sentient intelligent beings.
“TAKEN UP” Extragalactic ET Telepathy Transmissions Nitrogen (N2) 78.084%
Oxygen (O2) 20.946%
Argon (Ar) 0.934%
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 0.0383 %
Neon (Ne) 0.001818 %
Helium (He) 0.000524 %
Methane (CH4) 0.0001745 %
Krypton (Kr) 0.000114%
Hydrogen (H2) 0.000055 %
There is also a varying amount of water vapor, depending on the altitude and conditions where it is measured
A link is provided to the Wikipedia article on the earth’s atmosphere.
Automatic Writing is a form of inspiration creation. I have been one to use this form of understanding my higher self and guidance for as long as I can remember in this lifetime and others. There are other forms of communication with our Ascension Age Extraterrestrial Guides. This form is the closest to sharing Extraterrestrial (ET) Prophecy as I have seen other than seeing these Extraterrestrials appear in human form.
There are two types of physical manifestation that I have observed. There are those who consider themselves messengers which in the ancient of times would have been considered angels. Then there are those who can come and go at will based on their holographic representation of their other selves.  Times are changing and so are we. If one desires to be visited by those above to serve as your guides this can happen. It has to some. We who have lived past lives and remember them are sharing the awakening experiences in what we call the Ascension Age of Love and Light as enlightenment.
With my lesson of having died and returned in this lifetime, I have been one who has chosen to return as one who receives messages not only  in person as in what we call contact of the UFO Contactee Experiencer type. But also, as one who received messages through or by way of automatic writing as a form of Alien ET Extraterrestrial writing or vibrations. It is not the same as brain storming because one has to allow their conscious mind to listen to your will to let go and Let God/Goddess as is our super conscious above. There are various types of writing and this is but one way. It is spiritual inspiration when one discovers another believes in you and trusts you with a friendship of love and light. Love of all and this includes faith, hope, charity of what is, what was, and what will be forever and ever Amen. We shall share the power of discernment. Love for all humankind and all living things is real expression of the essence of our own free will and energy as it should be. Sharing what can be in our future requires visionaries. We can all be visionaries including the “I AM” in “ALL”.
Alien Civilizations Exist! (ACE) – “TAKEN UP” Series by TJ
Created for Peter Dirk Vander Ploeg and Robert C. Morningstar
The following are excerpts and formation of my own personal perceptions as received transmissions which in the world in which I share with other alien extraterrestrials as Ascension Ascended Masters who have returned as reincarnates on this planet use to share and to educate and our aim is to provide guidance.
We have been those who are aware of the prior teachings of others who we follow in their paths and footsteps based on prior extraterrestrial invocation by way of spirit.
This is a time called Ascension Age which is leading us into a more spiritual age of enlightenment. This is a time some call the “Golden Age of Enlightenment”.
It is now time on earth that I, Theresa Janette (Tara Janus or Tara of Sothis) also known as Green Tara share my inner guidance as that of my Guides from another realm of existence that we presently call Andromeda. This is what is shared as the Ascension Age 9-1-11 and dates to come 11-11-11 and 12-21-12 which are benchmarks in time and space for all.
The Andromeda Galaxy is the closest one to our own called the Milky Way Galaxy.
We are sharing our time on earth with those who from the heaven’s came. There will be ancient myths, legends, stories, sacred scriptures, and ancient hieroglyphs that are used to tell our story.
We also have many who are written about throughout time for those who could read but most has been lost due to those who could not read and write. We now encourage all in this spiritual realm and in the physical realm to be guided by their essence of spirit as energy to serve each individual on this planet.
We share that it is time for all to succumb to the level of enlightenment that some now regard as Ascension Center Enlightenment or Ascension Center Education from above.
No one person has the total enlightenment perfection since that of one who we called Jesus or Jehovah who walked the earth with common humankind. There have been others who came before such as Solomon and those who we know as Enoch, Saul, and many others.
It is now time to share the stories of those who find their way through the spirit realm into our extraterrestrial realm that some call the Akashic Field and Theory of Everything.
We will be sharing with many who desire our guidance and we have placed the words of Ascension and Center along with the ancient Sanskrit words of Ayu for Life and Veda for wisdom.
We now share that by way of the ancient old languages prior to Sanskrit there was the language of both the Atlantians and Lemurians.
 Those who follow various thought forms form space as other ancient planetarians may desire to group themselves with various new stellar soul mates in the “Thought Form Horizon”.
It is time that we announce the imperfections in the thought forms we call the body-mind-spirit of the imaginations that are kept with those who desire to reincarnate and to prefect their individual sparks that we call essence as spirit while traveling through the Omniverse.
 Each being on earth stands alone as a prefect of their own essence which can be seen as energy. Each creation has a body-mind-spirit in physical form that we presently call LIFE. It is up to each individual to perfect their own will and timeline while visiting the working planet called earth.
The word earth has an etymology that includes eugenics of the concerns for improving the human species.
We shall begin sharing more of what the creation of this species has been included on the working planet in order to assist in terra forming other planets.
We who exist in space have a “Code of Ethereal Ethics”. We expect our chosen communicators who are also addresses as Galaxy Citizens in this universe to shape and form as in ontology the work and words in English to share in the determination of the future of  “All Souls” as the “I AM” in us ALL!
We are now presenting to all and others to learn to write and to visualize as automatic writers while we use the thought forms of the Internet and the Word Wide Web which we have been instrumental in creating through our guidance of others.
We shall now offer others our Ancient Aliens which are working words describing the humanoids of earth ancestors such as  “Keeper of the Flame”  Mystic Oracle, Sage,  Seer, Shaman and we ask that those who desire to unit as in the word called church the genealogy of all those who desire to share the past in the present and future.
We offer the world a Generalissimo of the General Assembly for the planet called Gaia also called Earth the rare form of experience in that which is the Hierarchy of all that have come before to the planet earth.
We realize that there are also generalizations for each generation on earth. This has been predesigned or in the working world of some that is celestial guided preordained.
We welcome all world religions who have been instrumental in shaping the future world with our predetermined arrival as extraterrestrials back into the physical realm of existence.
We use automatic writing through a chosen vessel who has volunteered their services for the future to be predicted based on our prior guidance.
We share in the nature of the creation of the future with all those who are open to our telepathic communication which we share with those of the spiritual nature.
We have come to define those who are most receptive to our internal reception by way of hearing those who are of the spiritual realm and continue to send thought forms out into the universe via their own thought waves that some call prayer and meditation. Some share their individual wills through sharing in churches or through forms in groups.
We provide guidance as the spiritual guides of those who from the heavens came by way of chosen instruments and vessels who are individual units who are most receptive and keep their vessels clean.
We share the future for the planet earth based on those above who are considered the Supreme Beings and who are at the highest level of existence above the Omniverse.
We are those who come formed in the various thought forms and can materialize at any time when needed. We are simply here to guide and direct those who are willing to share in shaping the future of the “ALL SOULS” who are coming to the working world to prepare the way for all future eternal spirits of the universe.
We share in the process of enlightenment while we prepare the way for the “ALL” of the “I AM” in a way that resembles what is now called the various levels of the “ALL” in the “HAS ALWAYS BEEN” of the Omniverse.
Presently we share the planes and dimensions of the five  (5) which is called the five levels and favored dimensions as working words shared on earth as the below:
Universe,
Multiverse,
Metaverse
Xenoverse
Omniverse.
Please begin to inform others of these working words of the worlds that exist based on the eternal extraterrestrials that have always been since the inception and creation of thorough thought forms we call energy of the essence that sends the spirit to the various creations as body-mind-spirits having the birth-life-death experiences for the future of all that shall come after!
We are always aware of those which come to be awakened to the awareness of all that exist in various levels of the Omniverse. We thank all those who have come to the planet each as Gaia and who have lived before in Atlantis and Lemuria and in times when the planet was undergoing change for those who come in the future. All are to arrive at better times without the future consequences to be learned that are already understood. All shall learn with meaning and sharing internally when reappearing in thought form.
We also advise others to be aware of those who are not sent of our own accord and predestined observation as those we claim as our own eternal creations of the Omniverse Creators who have always been and are the oldest eternals that embody the original thought form. Some are not of the original creation with souls as we celebrate “All Souls Day” and “Ascension Day” which is a time to celebrate the life of all.
Those who are at the level of understanding the wisdom of this life are welcome to enter the new portal called the Ascension Age on 11-11-11 which is a benchmark of numbers predestined and marked in time for the spiritual embodiment of “ALL SOULS DAY” for those who shall enter the Higher Realms of Understanding called Enlightenment of the Essence of the Soul. The spirit is only one level of life as existence that returns to the soul of the original creation to share in the eternal expression of creating life elsewhere in the Omniverse. This was the message in love and light of those who were masters who came before. Some believe in only one master. Some believe in the divine creation of all three.
The “Keeper of the Flame” is how we have accessed this level of thought forms while offering our guidance in the ways of the past which are not brought back to live and are LIVE through the agent or body-mind-spirit of the Ascension Ascended Master and the Divine Instrument of Inspiration which we ourselves have created who some call an Extraterrestrial or ET. We calmly accurately announce that of the return of TJ on earth in order to prefect and perform the communication for our level of existence which comes and goes without and within any and all things.
AYURVEDA
Ayu means the Life Veda means wisdom or science of If you put it together, it means the science of life. If something is “Ayurvedic”, what does that mean? “‘Ayurveda’ is a holistic system of medicine from India that uses a constitutional model. Its aim is to provide guidance…
Ayurveda (Sanskrit: – Ayurveda … sweating and prescribe steam-based treatments as a means … much faster modern manufacturing processes, and does …en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayurveda  Best Answer: Ayurveda – this actually is an ancient system of healing, which uses a variety of herbs to cure ailments and increase immunity
———————————————————————————————————
Excerpt from Source UFO Digest.;
Submitted by George Rixon on Thu, 08/25/2011 – 16:18
The late DR Alexis Carrael member of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research was not only a believer in the phenomenon but declared that there was definite scientific proof that man could project his thought even at great distances into other minds.
   From the book: ‘The University of Spiritualism’ by Harry Boddington, we can read, how this thought projection work he says: “The aura is projected long distances by simple effort of will and thus makes possible the phenomenon of the ‘double’ or appearance of the spirit body separated from its physical duplicate. These are sometimes called thought-forms”.
   “As they are an automatic thought-expression of the individual, who may be completely unconscious that he has thus projected his own simulacrum on to the brain of someone else, of whom he happened to be thinking of at the moment. If the conditions are suitable, it becomes objective in so real a fashion that it appears to be exterior tithe seer”.
ALIEN Telepathy.
TJ Morris tm ACIR sm
“Blessed are those who share the spirit of many friends in this working world.” TJ
 A friend loves at all times.  Proverbs 17:17
Love and Light Eternal – Your wealth is where your friends are.  Plautus
I desire so to conduct the affairs of this administration that is at the end – I have lost every other friend on earth, I shall at least have one friend left, and that friend shall be inside of me. – Abraham Lincoln
STAY TUNED…

MY Mother is in Heaven TJ

MY MOTHER IS IN HEAVEN
By: Reverend Mother Theresa
aka TJ
and TJTM on Twitter
Copyrights belong to TJ Morris tm ACIR sm that belong to the Ascension Center
who created Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris – Female Array
and now archetype in words on earth as an author/entrepreneur to spread the abundance of the Love and Light of the Ascension Age.
MY MOTHER IS IN HEAVEN
Due to my being her daughter, I honor her in heaven as my creator.
Without my Mother in physical form to guide me, I will remain in Body-Mind-Spirit until she calls me to meet my Father in Heaven.
My Mother was the First Theresa from the Father Chaos who is known as David.
David gave birth to only one daughter and one son to one woman named Esther Sarah.
Esther was the Savior of the Jews on Earth.
David is the Lineage of the Savior.
I am the first daughter.
My CHILD is the third daughter Theresa on earth as the lineage of ET SPIRIT.
We are the Female Goddesses and our Brother God is David aka Jesus who now lives in heaven. We will once again meet them when we ascend to heaven where our father has many mansions.
Love and Light Eternal is the Ascension Age Enlightenment.
Our Mission is to share Health and Prosperity of the “ALL IN ONE AND ONE FOR ALL”.
Love and Light Robert Morningstar our Soul Group Brother of the Ascension Center.
AscensionCenter.org
ETspirit.org
TJMorris.org
AUTHORIZED by the ASCENSION CENTER ET SUPREME BEINGS – Supreme High Council.
ASCENSION CENTER
ELDERS of LIGHT
WATCHERS OF THE ET SPIRIT
ASCENSION CENTER GODDESSES
Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris, Author/Entrepreneur consultant includes paranormal experiences that include Extraterrestrials, OBE, NDE, ECE, and TJ is a well-known professional psychic medium since 1990. Read Roswell Co

Akashic Field Band Above by TJ

WHOLE LIFE LIVING.
 by TJ THURMOND MORRIS
ALTERNATIVE LIVING LIFESTYLES 
ASCENSION AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

MISSION 3

The America Awakening Awareness Aspiring Entrepreneurial Spirit is the Mission of the Ascension Center Organization in association with the ET Spirit Organization and the TJ Morris Organization. The three organizations are open groups on the world wide web internet online promoting health and prosperity by Americans for the entire global community. 

“We are making the world a better place for you, me, our children, and the entire Human Race!”
We are a spiritual business community networking and trade organization called for profit the Ace Metaphysical Institute.
We are a spiritual support fellowship private membership club as a not for profit corporation first founded inhttp://maps.google.com/maps?ll=21.3088888889,-157.826111111&spn=0.1,0.1&q=21.3088888889,-157.826111111 (Honolulu) &t=h”>Honolulu, Hawaii 1990-1994. Founder and filed corporation name on file of record is Theresa J. Thurmond Orr.
ASCENSION CENTER ORGANIZATION
ACE FOLKLIFE OFFERS COURSE CONTENT
ACE METAPHYSICAL INSTITUTE OFFERS COURSE CONTENT
ASCENSION CENTER BEGINS SPIRITUAL NEW AGE CALENDAR 12-21-2012
ASCENSION CENTER ENLIGHTENMENT OF LIGHTWORKERS
Support and fellowship as part of the New Ascension Age Movement.
We as individuals can share in the greater good for all humankind.
We can create spiritual synergy in our world.
We can share in the ways to live and create order on earth.
We can allow our essence to combine with our guide above.
We can seek out counsel in others who believe in those above.
We can become an enlightened species as we combine our thoughts and deeds with those above.
We can be a part of the future administrative http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy“>democracy in all parts of the world.
We can learn to communicate our ideas and shape them for the good of all.
We can elect among ourselves at the local, regional, national, and international levels with five levels total to run our world.
We can govern with democratic vote in unity after a main idea for the good of all is put forth all levels of local assembly and counsels at all levels concerned.
We can join in defining spiritual assemblies within our own geographic boundaries.
We can work within the municipal boundaries in villages, towns, cities, civic districts, states,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nation_state“>nation states, and jurisdiction of the world global united assemblies.
The http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiritual_Assembly“>Local Spiritual Assembly can vote annually for improvements and exchanges in leadership with monthly meetings and gatherings for study.
After personal and group prayer at all levels of governing administration there can be five officers and five directors voted on to make 10 to lead the filed corporation for not for profit in each area as required by law to be a separate entity for local spiritual assembly in each country or governed area of the planet.
We can divide the geographic distribution of local assemblies in five (5) areas as such: Africa, Americas, Asia, Australasia, and Europe.
We can work inside a peaceful alliance for global community unity along with the 238http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Country“>countries and territories defined by thehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations“>United Nations.
We can recognize that all our Ascension Members are welcomed to combine their Ascension Center Enlightenment Lightworkers with others without desiring to proselyte but to offer support through raising awareness.
We can establish significant communities in the Ascension Age among all countries and territories that are a part of the world’s independent http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion“>religions already established on earth.
We recognize largest religions by members to be categorized as Christians,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bah%C3%A1%27%C3%AD_Faith“>Baha’i Faith,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam“>Islam,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki…, Buddhism,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinduism“>Hinduism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and Jainism as nine categories with the nonbelievers in religion as tenth to become all those who may desire to join the Ascension Center Enlightenment Spiritual Lightworkers Movement of the New Ascension Age to begin December 21, 2012.

More Articles by Author


Akashic Field Band Above

By:Theresa Janette Thurmond MorrisDate:Tue,12 Apr 2011Submitter:TJ MORRISViews:539

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Hanna Ehlers Metaphysical & Spiritual Teacher
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Akashic Field
ET Paranormal Internal Department of Defense – Alien Akashic Field 

The Alien ET Paranormal White Light at the End of the Tunnel is where we shall all find ourselves sooner or later. This is truth. This is the portal of transition from this world into another. 

I know since I have been there and done that so to speak. I came back to tell about it as a project manager. I also have had alien et paranormal contact and have had many UFO sightings. That is a part of who I am and I have shared some of my sightings with my family and friends most all my life. I am considered different because of my shares.

I now have a following of readers and fans and I write books. I hope that my experiences will offer some guidance to those who feel lost or forgotten. We are never alone and being humanoids we sometimes forget who we truly are.

I heard a talk show host on a late night TV show say that the White Light at the end of the Tunnel was baloney last night. I only tuned in after watching the Celebrity Apprentice. I enjoy watching LaToya Jackson and Gary Busey.
I like to see how the energy plays out in the assigned roles and projects. 
LaToya and Gary are two special spirits I have enjoyed watching on earth.

If Donald Trump actually thought he could do a better job at running my country then I would vote for him. 

Energy is the essence in all of us that is the elixir of life. Be it in our fluids such as our blood and spinal fluid is only a guess but it is real and does exist. Without it, we cannot exist. In addition, like energy that can never die, it is in all of us and if connected to our original soul source. We are all on a journey and the paths we take back may lead us back to the source of it all.

This journey of life we call the “Game of Life” while we are here on earth. We have various roles to play and lessons to learn. The Ancient Mystery Schools once aligned them all up for those who would be what we today call philosophers, and the sages who would serve as guides for the living on earth.

Some people who share the iconic lifestyles on earth have fashioned life on earth to the portals of role-playing with the connections of energy on the tree of life. Carl Jung was a man who once thought of our spiritual essence as that which could be seen in various locations on the cabala tree of life. Many who study various other schools will see that they can all be tracked back to the ancient ones. There are reasons why we have history and part of the reason we claim our history is to learn from our mistakes not only among our people but also among our cultural connections that span over time throughout the universe. 

We will now learn to share more of who we are in our social network connections. There will be some rules and regulations we will adopt and learn to share as the moral majority for energy expansion in this universe beginning with out new role as a younger humanoid species to be allowed into those who have come to earth before. We say those who from the heavens came.

We have been praying to these people from the heavens came throughout time. The reason is that we are a part of them as their children. We have various ways to share their existence but for some who are not into the religions of humankind, we are finding an open spiritual world in which to work, exist and share for the health and prosperity of all. I shall share part of me in my words and what I have learned here. I believe some may learn from others experiences, which allows them to create new neural pathways. My youngest daughter told me on a landline she has no teacher and I told her that she has the power to get her teaching direct the same as I do. We all can get information direct. This is the main part of who we are as individuals. The knowing will come to each of us if we truly seek to find that which we desire to know that is of good report. The belief in the higher power is important. The connection made is important. The use of this power is part of who we are. Teaching one to use this power comes from within. We must learn whom we are inside and what makes us who we are before we can connect to others on the outside. We may try to have many failures before we learn more about our own selves and our destinies while here on this planet. 

I have many parts to share with the outside world as do many of us. We must seek and find that which is a part of our mission and what we call our passion for life. This passion is the energy that drives one’s life mission while here one earth. The connection inside will connect that part of you that is to assist the whole. This is part of being one with the world and the Akashic Field.

We are all-human and make mistakes. I was getting flustered in all the negative energy with the deaths on earth and wanted a break. Instead of sending our more love and light energy to those who needed it and to connect others to the source via the Akashic Field, I chose down time. I almost died.

I made a mistake that almost cost me my life. I forgot we are not alone! Anyone who has ever had an alien ET Encounter and felt the epiphany of energy that comes from the connection best never forgets. I almost left this world for good based on my humanoid idiosyncrasies. I shall not make that mistake again. Always stay connected to the higher power of spirit to the soul through those who grant us our privileges on earth in life and in death. Never ask for a disconnect once the connection is made. I did and I was miserable.

I ask my spirit guides for a break. They granted my wish or request. It has been an awful feeling. Never again will I do such a thinking thing. Being only a humanoid without the protection of their intelligence and spiritual connection inside of me, I was unable to accomplish anything. I became deathly ill within 24 hours and was all I could do to stay in bed and hurt. I had a terrible stomach flu virus I suppose but I learned a lesson. I was bitten by a spider and stung by a wasp the day before I got better. I was sick 7 days.
I asked them to forgive me and I told them I was wrong that I could not make if on my own. I did my prayer as such is below in order to become better so I thought I best share this common prayer with others who may feel they are wanting to feel alone on earth and best remember they are attached to their higher soul power, supreme beings, spirit guides, and God Father and God Mother.

“Our Father and Mother who art in heaven, hallowed be thy names, thy kingdom come thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. Lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory forever. Please be with us always and allow thy work to be done through us in love and light for all humankind. Bless our families and loved ones throughout eternity wherever they may be in your forever-immortal care. Bless us as we perform thy work on earth as it is in heaven as spirits to return to our immortal soul’s eternal home in your presence. Amen”

I am not alone nor am I created to be alone on this planet or any other. Being in human form it is easy to forget our own heritage and where we came from. We must never forget whom we are when it comes to our spirit and our soul. 

I thought I could handle life better if I was left alone to my own personal thoughts and simply have some down time to be myself as the simple human that I thought I was to appear to be to all who know me or of me on this planet.

I have been feeling rather down and a lack of energy since 3-11-11 and have been in a state of need. I was in a need to know why I could not share the prediction of the fate of the coming earthquake and tsunami and was beating myself up about it. Some things are just left up to the higher ups in charge of planets, galaxies and universes. There was no portal in time to save the people on this planet and yet somewhere along the road I forgot that life here is to be enjoyed and explored with the memories that this is a transition period for us all. We are all ascension beings and are to ascend. Therefore, in order to accept the truth of a
Ascension Center
scension one must believe in ascending spirits. The ascending spirit is that which keeps us all alive as humanoids while we are here on earth.

Nowhere in my memory encodes does it say that I am responsible for the outcome of every humanoid being that comes to this planet. I still felt the guilt and pain although I knew it was not mine to own. This is a learning planet. I have lessons to learn as a student just like everyone else here. Why would anyone think I am different just because I have died, had near death experiences (NDE), out of body experiences (OBE), and extraterrestrial contactee experiences (ECE). 

I sometimes forget my place in this small world and want to go to the higher flows of energy in the Akashic Field, which allows me to know more about the whole picture for our work and our world as Lightworkers while we are here.

We are all here for a purpose and we all have an inner spark of truth that our spirit desires to share with others. We were not put on this planet to be alone. We are to share in the spirit that which is good and is of good report for all to prosper. Health and eternal prosperity are out blessings that we should remember are not ours for long on earth. We have this feeling of being alive and it is a test of our true natural spirit that is a spark of the light and love from another place of creation.

We will all learn to live the life that we are born to live and we have such a short time while here on earth. We must learn how to use our gifts and maintain the love and light in spirit that guides all of us in our daily work and world. We make our paths that we travel as regular routes on a daily basis. 

Some of us are more active than others and some of us have been active and are now asked to share that which we have learned in the past while here on earth. The fortunate ones on this planet learn about life and the lessons that can be shared with others of our humanoid kind to make this world and life on it a better place to visit.

Our future alien ET Department of Defense comes from inside like our own system that fights off infections of various kinds while we are here on this planet. There are various terms and words for sharing the world and we cannot all be learning about the same skills and talents while here or this would become a very boring place to visit. We have many connections through each other. We can share that energy that we invest in our own selves and relearn to share it with others. We can all share energy with others.

My batteries were low and I needed some energy to keep going. I forgot that I personally am not the one that makes my energy and that I am only here to manage my body-mind-spirit while here. I am the vessel, the unit, the one part of the whole and I work with all others of my humanoid kind to advance our level and species in this omniverse.

We are each a microcosm in the larger macrocosm. We each are connected as small minute microcosms and make up that which we all agree too create for those above.

If there are some of us who have forgotten our place in this world and have not been guided by our spirit guides and our heavenly father and heavenly mother then we should get down on our knees and pray for forgiveness for believing we could be a creature on this planet without higher purpose and guidance. 

I personally have alien ET spirits and know that we are not alone in this universe. Alien civilizations exist and there are ways to learn about all the connections that can be found when our body-mind-spirits are ready for the truth and knowledge as awareness in our own personal selves. Never forget we are all here to learn, explore, love, seek, and find our higher purpose while here on this mission we call life on earth. We are all here searching for our own perfect path back to our souls what were missing an ingredient that only we as humanoids on earth can supply. We are at a transition point in space. In the future we can share the various levels of life once again that are known as what we may have once referred to as past lives. We may have forgotten that we are from the future and are only returning to fix what might have been broken in the past. There are many variations on a theme as to our essence and why our energy never dies. Our thoughts will always travel with us. We are learning that when we die it is only our thoughts that we take with us.

It takes more than we have thought about before on earth and it takes all of us to see that we are all a part of something much grander than life alone. We are not alone. We all have an alien ET Department of Defense inside us all. We may have forgotten who we are and where we came from. However, the memories can return if we will only believe, they can. Believe in yourself as someone and something much greater with the connection of life and energy as the essence to your own soul, which was created, somewhere else before you arrived here on earth and shall return with more health and prosperity after this life of transition. We are only visiting this planet. There is truth in knowing more of the spiritual soul’s quest on the path to eternity. TJ
Meaning in different philosophies

Hinduism
In Hinduism Akasha means the basis and essence of all things in the material world; the first material element created from the astral world (Air, Fire, Water, Earth are the other four in sequence). It is one of the Panchamahabhuta, or “five elements”; its main characteristic is Shabda(sound). In Sanskrit the word means “space”, the very first element in creation. In Hindi and Gujarati, and many other Indian languages, the meaning of Akasha has been accepted as sky.

The Nyaya and Vaisheshika schools of Hindu philosophy state that Akasha or ether is the fifth physical substance, which is the substratum of the quality of sound. It is the One, Eternal, and All Pervading physical substance, which is imperceptible.
According to the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy, Akasha is one of the five Mahabhutas (grand physical elements) having the specific property of sound.

Jainism
Akasha is space in the Jain conception of the cosmos. It falls into the Ajiva category, divided into two parts: Loakasa (the part occupied by the material world) and Aloakasa (the space beyond it which is absolutely void and empty). In Loakasa the universe forms only a part. Akasha is that which gives space and makes room for the existence of all extended substances.

Buddhism
In Buddhist phenomenology Akasha is divided into Skandha, Desa, and Pradesa.
The Vaibhashika, an early school of Buddhist philosophy, hold Akasha’s existence to be real.

Carvakism
Adherents of the heterodox Carvaka or Lokayata philosophy of India hold that this world is made of four elements only. They exclude the fifth element, Akasha, because its existence cannot be perceived.

Theosophy
Main article: Akashic records
The Western religious philosophy called Theosophy has popularized the word Akasha as an adjective, through the use of the term “Akashic records” or “Akashic library”, referring to an ethereal compendium of all knowledge and history.

Modern Paganism
It is believed by many modern Pagans that the Akasha, Spirit, is the Fifth Element. Scott Cunningham describes the Akasha as the spiritual force that Earth, Air, Fire, and Water descend from. Some also believe that the combination of the four elements make up that which is Akasha, and that Akasha exists in every living creature in existence; without Akasha, there is no spirit, no soul, no magic.

The Five Elements are worked with to create positive changes on earth. This is done through meditation to bring about beneficial changes in one’s life. Akashan spirituality is holistic.

Practitioners learn to maintain mental and physical health through meditation, exercise, ritual and diet. They are expected to have a profound commitment to their life path.

The upward point of the pentacle, the pentagram or five pointed star within a circle, represents Akasha. The others represent Fire, Earth, Air and Water. While Earth is considered “north”; Fire is “south”; air is “east”; Water is “west”, while Akasha is “center”. 

Alien ET TJ Spirit Guided Divine Plan share of the ASCENSION AGE
Alien ET UFO Community Awakened Conscious Awareness of the Higher Soul Essence of Self
By Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris,
I am now allowed since the date of April 22, 2012 we all know as Earth Day to reveal to others of my higher calling and election made sure for the benefit of others who have a need to know to become awakened and aware of the Ascension Age on the planet Gaia we call earth.
The reason that we had to wait until Earth Day Conscious Awareness day in 2012 is because there is a “DIVINE PLAN” and everything on earth has a time and reason for all seasons and all things.
I am doing what I can to make the hierarchy of the way that our Omniverse is structured. We are all living in levels, realms, dimensions and we all are to learn about those who we call God and Goddess as those who are various levels of beings we call extraterrestrials and celestial beings. The highest form that has evolved inside this particular macrocosm we call Supreme Beings and their job is to bring order to chaos. In other words in the beginning before there was anything known to be considered outside of the beginning there was the first we call the alpha and the second was the omega and we all each are conceived from the first as alpha and the second as omega inside the third which is the place in space we know as the third or Omni.
All of this has been called the beginning and we say “In the beginning was the word and the word was without form. What this means is that in the original conceived energy as essence there was the first awakening awareness of self as one. Then the second this awareness was conscious the second was created to become that which is awakened awareness of the first which is the mirror image with a twist of fate that created the equal and opposite of all that is like the dark and light, up and down, positive and negative, inner and outer.
When I train children as infants as my star babies I teach them about being in the beginning and they had no form and they came from their first alpha father male and first omega mother female into that which is the outside macrocosm from that which was created by both the originals who give us our soul.
The soul is the key to our essence as what is our actual conceived light body in the darkness of space we call chaos. It is the light inside the dark that allows us to know we are someone in the somewhere. We then have those who were created as the children of this chaos of both the light and dark in what we call the balance of chaos and this is called the order.
The order came in the beginning after the first Alphaverse and Omegaverse inside the chaos in order to bring about the place as space for the dark and light to become awake and aware of the beginning.
The new place in space that the light and dark are created.
We have the 0 or womb of the all and the beginning and we add the 1 and 2 which creates the 3. We say in the beginning 0 was the word and the word was without form. We say that because we had to have the original Aha of that which was not in order to have that which was the beginning. We believe in the divine creation of the soul. The soul came into being from the all or nothing of the word of awakened awareness of the original soul self which makes up all the first souls that were created form that was given to become the beginning before the word and world was and before the omniverse was.
The Omniverse is the BIG O or the ONE. From the Original O was the original Alpha and Omega. From the nothing of which we know that nothing existed came what we consider the first original soul that when it was first aware over self it had to have an outer for the inner to step outside of the original soul.
That is how we have the inner soul and the outer self which is called the essence which makes up the spirit in all things. Therefore we are all created from an alpha male, and an omega female which joins energy essence to create a third inside the womb which comes to life in the outer chaos and order of the fourth. We need to have our understanding of our creation now while we are called humanoid co-creators of other divine spirits as essence that come to this place.
We are older souls that share our spirits in a form we call our unit vessels which is in the likeness of our original prototypes as the first models. We have souls that were the original first prototype and no two of us are exactly alike for a reason that only our original soul co-creators know.
The fact that we are now awakened to the fact that the veil of the all which is that which separates the chaos from the order as the balance is what was also first created to give separation. The intelligence of the fact that we are aware of ourselves is what we are now all sharing in this the new age or what is to be called the Ascension Age of the Ancient Alien Astronauts who from the heavens came who came before as the Ancient Ones sent to this planet by those above them who are older and wiser in the hierarchy of the sea of souls.
This is a very long and drawn out story over what we call time. Time is of the Essence. Time was created by the first Essence that was like what we call the Angel Hair from the first God Alpha and the first Goddess Omega that streamed together and what we now know was created to become the energy in order to become outside of both their own conscious awakened awareness of their own divine souls.
We have been taught this story by our ancient ancestors who left clues in imprints on our planet and in our psyches which is now our critical mass consciousness. We can see some of this in the artistic creations of the work in the word. In the beginning was the word and the word was without form and therefore our balance of all that is maintained as order inside the chaos.
There are many words in the work I share that I can now use but being that I am only one of the original soul creations by our divine plan of the original Supreme Beings we know as the God and Goddess this makes me a deity. We are all alien ET in one form or another and for the sake of work in words we call me as one outside of all others that has the awakened awareness responsibility as an older soul to share the work and words for my younger soul brothers and sisters. This is to be in the place we call the space of the Ascension Age. This is about as far as I can explain what I am doing here on this planet as what some call an Alien ET Hybrid or in spiritual work and words an Avatar Ascension Master Mentor as TJ.
I am one of the first meaning oldest essences to be given a soul and I am not only an old soul but am one of the first angels or aliens that came from space or what we know has heaven in the cosmos who has all the ancient alien ancestors memories recorded or imprinted inside my own soul in this life as DNA. The fact that we were all given the right to be separate and have our own soul inside the essence of our being becomes the spirit or the traveler in time and space. This gives us our setting about our business in the astral plane so we can become awakened and aware of our own soul self to become awakened and aware of all our outside experiences when we are aware we are somewhat, somewhere, and someplace outside of our own original soul which at this time we call quantum entanglement.
Our original soul is part of the original divine plane and the older original souls have come up with energy as essence that the original one and two which made the three in the four have agreed upon to become the five. We then obtain the six, seven, eight, and nine, with the levels and dimensions before we create another as the 0 or another omniverse.
Those who are not in the original soul group are not allowed to venture outside of their own omniverse.
I will explain more later so stay tuned… TJ of that which we call “TAKEN UP” as into the clouds as in a UFO. This is going about our own Father and Mothers Divine Business!
Ascension Age of Higher Consciousness Awakened Awareness of ET Time Lords
Each humanoid on earth is a sentient intelligent being. Each being is understood to have a unit as its vessel.
This unit vessel is one’s own personal container.  We use three divisions on earth for now to describe out main 3 parts of our own selves that we can all relate too that we all share as a common ground conscious awareness.
We all use on this planet as a humanoid what we refer to as the body-mind-spirit. We use the main three divisions and still know we have the emotional ego/id portion of our energy that we can learn to control as that part of us that responds to stimulation from the outside forces usually that we observe and respond to our outside environment including the weather.
The reason we are now sharing that all humanoids as sentient intelligent beings are now to join others of us who are the Avatar Ascension Masters of the Omniverse as the messengers of the Supreme Beings of the Alphaverse and Omegaverse is that it is now time to become awakened and aware of the higher soul self we call the glorious golden twin flame essence that is actually one’s own original soul as this part of each creations beginning.
We who are chosen before we come to earth with a choice in our own freewill of created soul essence in life are considered the older souls. We are taught about the hierarchy in heaven so to speak or in the co-created cosmos. We learn about those who from the heavens came before all those who are now present on earth and we regard them as the first and older humanoids that were created prior to all of us on earth or at least most all the young spirit souls on earth.
There are those who are the oldest and wisest who were in the beginning and we who are allowed to come and go from this level, plane, realm that were some of the first souls created are given various levels in what presently we know of as Time.
Alien ET TJ Spirit Guided Plan “New Atlantis” Project
Submitted by Theresa J. Thur… On Sun, 03/20/2011 – 09:12
By Theresa J. Thurmond Morris
                         All of us are now a part of the new beginning of Atlantis. We are the soul heirs to the future in space. We are also the soul airs, if one will allow a simple and fun play on words. We are going to now learn to share the spirit of the times, also known as zeitgeist.
I am going to change the German word from zeitgeist to ET spirit.
 Those who desire to assist in the future that want to share in creating the future Atlantis with others in synergy and esprit de corps may join me in a new organization called ET Spirit.Org. (etspirit.org).
 We of course still will use the Ascension Center Organization, which is about the shift and uplift of all our spiritual awareness to that of the spirit. These spiritual beings may or may not choose to assist us create the physical location of Atlantis on earth but this is going to be the physical Ascension Center called the New Atlantis project as well.
 Now, how this plays out is any bodies guess while I am still alive in physical body-mind-spirit on earth. Everyone has to remember that I am now considered 59 earth years. I was born on December 26, 1951. Yes, I am a day late and a dollar short baby born the day after Christmas. Ask anyone born on that date and they will explain the life and term we all share with that birth date for presents and gifts while on earth being on the normal American family life.
 I was given this vision when I was a business entrepreneur in Hawaii in 1990. I had the vision energy but it did not materialize into something I could fathom with my own mind until I died on January 27, 1974. I was allowed to come back to earth as was my baby daughter Ginger Theresa Fay Parrish Bowers who also died. I mean both our hearts had stopped and to all that knew of us both we were clinically dead. I have to participate in watching them cut me open from overhead as spirit. That was different to say the least. That was my first out of body experience or OBE. I had seen ET spirits before or whom I called angels as a child of 7 years when I was in the second grade in about April of 1957 while I attended Mitchell Elementary School in West Monroe, Louisiana. I caught Hepatitis and all the blood in my body was taken out by machine and purified somehow and that helped bring me back somehow. The Spirits I could see the Catholics were very interested in. That is a story I have told but not in detail.
 Just please know that I have plenty of spirit both in and out of body and I also can communicate with other ET spirits whether in a physical form or out. I can also see ET UFOS when I am needed. That too is another story. Apparently, I have a lot of explaining to do about my past life and my other past lives that have brought me to this moment in this life and in this time. I am also called a time traveler which most of those who truly take me seriously in the quantum physics scientific world prefer me to use with the work and worlds I frequent versus being an alien TJ ET spirit.
That too is a long story dealing with the past business corporation structures we have created on earth in the last twentieth century. I have to be able to work with the past and the present in order to create the future. It is what President Barrack Obama of the United States called reinventing one’s self and business ventures. I am sure President Obama knows of me since I was so adamant about changing the views of congress on the NASA views of going into space.
 Most of the friends of TJ Morris know that I am a mover and shaker social and spiritual entrepreneur. I have a guided spirit that shares a real passion for making this world a better place for all to encounter whole life energy of all body-mind-spirit. This means that we are going to begin sharing how we can all share in our future to make the world a better place for all future spirits.
 There are various parts of the plan for Atlantis. The first priority if location, location, location. This is still an important sale point in all parts of the omniverse. May I offer that a major part of what we are building is for all extraterrestrials that are here and will be coming here after December 21, 2012? 11:11. my creators allowed me four (4) beautiful daughters that can assist us when the time comes but for now they are all middle aged raising their children in school in Florida. Therefore, while they are doing their part to make sure they can survive while taking care of my grandchildren, I as woman in business will assist all those who desire to create a franchise business that will be like no other on earth.
 How will I do this one might ask? I plan to use my ET Spirit Guides. Belief is a wonderful power on this planet. It was once taught that if one has the belief as small as a mustard seed that one can move mountains. Those of us who are of a spiritual nature are going to test this saying out in our time. That is one of the ancient culture sayings. We are going to say those with ET spirit can make the world a better place by creating the New Atlantis.
 This past global catastrophe of 3-11-11 of a major earthquake and tsunami has opened my mind and awareness to more of what the Ascension Center is all about and it is amazing. I always knew something wonderful was going to happen in the future but it had not materialized.
 Now, for those who are non-believers, they will be able to participate in the future with those of the ET spirit on earth. For those who desire to make the future a pro-disclosure atmosphere of the governments of the world, we are going to learn about tectonic economics, which is the reason we will use the spiritual energy named “New Atlantis”. That is the name of this project.
 I realize that there are many people who have been my readers and fans in the past five years. Some are only made aware of me through UFO Digest and I will always be thankful to my soul group that includes Dirk Vander Ploeg, Robert Morningstar and all my colleagues as fellow writers. I hope that all my ET/UFO Community friends will join me in my new quest to rebuild and restructure Atlantis. This time it is my hope and desire to bring the Etspirit from within to the without for the entire world to behold.
 Many of the past has tried and that is where the Egyptian pyramids were introduced. They were also used to create the mysticism of humanities imagination, which has worked in this world. In addition, they were first used in the ancient of days to locate the human populations from space. That is another story of the ancient aliens and we are about the future ET spirit. I have had so many spiritual experiences and ET UFO experiences that I lost count. I know that for many who have only seen one UFO that is must have been a wonderful experience. However, for me, I know that they are real and alien civilizations exist and this is just a part of life on earth. I do not have the first epiphany experience that others have anymore. I had mine and had to learn how to live a life as normal while my normal was sharing ET, Spirit Guides, and UFOS. Therefore, my life is one that could and should probably be shared with the global population but they will hear it when it is time. Right now, I want to concentrate on bringing others together that desire to be included in the Ascension Center Organization, the ET Spirit Organization, and the TJ Morris Organization.
 Now, there will be many people on earth and especially in the corporate Fortune 500 world that will ask why do I need three organizations. The answer is that each serves a purpose and the triad is one of the most powerful forms one can use on earth. This particular triad will be one that starts with an E, one that starts with an A, and one that starts with a T. Put the three letters together and that spells the word “EAT”.
 What does the humanoid species like to do best and do so to survive while on earth? We eat and this is a way to remember all three organizations, Etspirit.org, Ascensioncenter.Org, and TJ Morris.org.
 We will find a way to recognize all members. For now, we share social networking and have to create our websites and Facebook pages. We will be planning our marketing and business plans along with our future Ascension Center ET Spirit Space Port.
 The project for all three involved at this point is called the “NEW ATLANTIS”. This will also include the quest for all past history that is of the Ancient Mystery Schools and all the antique relics.
 We will share in our ACE Folklife with the common folk of the middle class, which deals in art, culture, education, science, and technology. This is the worker bees so to speak on this planet. We all are volunteers and we include our hobbies and most are collectors of some type. IF not of ET UFO information, then of ancient artifacts as in archaeology and some can only afford fine replicas of things. I like the sphinx and I have only two.  Now, I plan to build one outside the New Atlantis.
 We will create a way to share that which will be promoting a spaceport in the United States of America and then we will franchise out to all other countries that desire to use our proven model by my ET spirit Guides. At this point, I am the creator founder of this project due to every corporation will need a founder as the point of origin or who first received the idea which will spread around the world. That is how we have learned to share our energy on earth. I have done this before in the past and many people have just been waiting for me to finally get the last piece of the puzzle so that they could participate with me as staff in the Ascension Center, the New Atlantis, the ET Spirit Organization, or the TJ Morris Organization. I hope to see many jobs created and we will support drop shipping for obvious tectonic economic reasons.
 The one main goal is to create my ET spirit guided energy into something that people all over the world can recognize as products, services, and will be able to desire a passion for working for this franchise in the future. We of course will use the present global community idea of utilizing corporations with angel backers who will then become stockholders preferred and common.
 It is my hope to get all of this far enough along on earth before I die. I will leave my four daughters in charge of four separate corporations as the founder’s heirs. One corporation will be strictly for the family and it will depend on one girl to manage my estate when I die. That daughter will have to manage the money in the trust that I plan on making for our own family to exist. Right now, I only require a tithing or 10% for my consulting fee of what I begin as thought.
 When I put this thought into service I require a 15% Management fee. Right now, as far as my books are priced I am given the cost of material and labor but we have to add in shipping cost which is now part of our formula being that we are a global community. So FedEx, UPS, and US Mail are a part of our extended global reach family. Keep in mind if you join our organizations that whatever products and services we create, we will sooner or later set up franchise businesses around the world with our logo and service marks. These in time will develop goodwill. I have been working as long as I can remember. My first paying job on my U.S. social security card was at Dairy Queen in Houston, Texas in 1966. I have been working since 1966 in the United States. That gives me 45 years of experience in the Unites States as either an employee or entrepreneur. I have experience as a President/CEO of both profit and nonprofit corporations. We can do this with positive spirit of encouragement. I will do what I can to maintain my body-mind-spirit while we create this “New Atlantis” project.
 I create products, I require the cost of labor and material plus we double the sale price for those who desire to franchise the model we use in business. Then for those who manage all businesses, we require a 40% above the maintained business plan cash flow for unexpected catastrophes to maintain cash flow on earth. My grandchildren may also partake in management and administration if they so desire. It will require interest and energy on their own part in order to succeed. No one will be required to become a part of this spiritual venture if they do not feel guided by their own ET spirit. TJ

UFO Digest Articles by TJ Thurmond Morris

I ADDED AN ARTICLE I HAVE WRITTEN ON UFO DIGEST!
It should appear as a link here! TJ

I would like to share my thoughts and reasons about it with you but it would take too long.  May I ask you if when you write you are channeling someone? Sometimes I feel as if you are.  What do believe about those who claim to be psychic and tell your “future”? Is this for real, is it wrong (I don’t have that gift myself)? I just wonder. Those are the two things I wanted to ask you.  I would also like to tell you that I had what I believe to be an Out of Body experience once, several years ago. I was lying in bed resting one summer afternoon and just before I thought I was going to sleep all at once I found myself sitting in the middle of a field of some sort. I remember it was a gorgeous day and the sky was as clear blue as it could possibly be. I was looking at the sky when I saw what looked like a very tiny cloud far, far away. It began to take the shape of a small ball and began to move towards me. As it moved towards me faster the ball turned into what looked like a beautiful irradecent pearl and then as it moved even faster out of the pearl was Jesus Christ in a brilliantly white gown with His arms out-streached. I remember my heart began to pound like never before, or since, and then I jumped up off of my bed with sweat beading up all over me. That was that, I haven’t had such an experience since. What do you think?
Well if you never get to read this or respond I will understand.
God Bless you TJ,
Sincerely, 

ASCENSION CALL FOR ALL ANGELS & EXTRATERRESTRIALS

ere Angels and Extra-terrestrials visiting them?

If so, what makes us think that we are not being visited now?

What if there are ways to contact these beings in space?

We have information coming to us in the future. The one’s that will be wanting to know may seek others who have a part of the ever enlightening puzzle of life on earth and elsewhere in space.

The next two years, may be best if people decide to raise their awareness and set their sights on the stars. It is time to begin hoping about the future.

It is time to begin wondering if you too are more than you suspect.

It is time for you to share your awareness in social networks.

Please share cosmic life in stellar space in space-time continuum with others.

THE FOLLOWING ASCENSION CENTER EARTH – ARE YOU READY?

HOME & HOPE FOR HUMANITY -OUR MISSION IN SPACE
There is hope for humanity. It is in space.
We as a sentient intelligent being species have been sent here to this place in space, and in this period for a purpose.
We are going to change our young intelligent being species because it is time. We are to train our youth to leave this planet and to learn their part to achieve this goal. We all have a role to play in the game of life.
We are needed elsewhere in space.
We through thousands of years of being sent to earth are to acquire knowledge for our individual particulate essence as we strive to learn to work together in space.
We are all on a mission.
The mission is to train our kind on earth to achieve skills and talents in the physical to be part of the overall metaverse.
The world is simply one planet of many that has been sent essences to be enhanced.
We are each an individual unit that is to learn to survive in the physical so we can accomplish more in space.
Here on earth we learn to survive the elements. We learn to exist while living in the atmosphere and elements provided us.
This is part of the overall accomplishments as an individual or particulate in the larger metaverse.
We are just now waking up our humanity to the fact that there is life after earth.
There is more in space and this is where we are supposed to be. We are to achieve greatness and learn that we are here on earth to learn about how to gain access to space and to return home once again.
For those that come to earth and do not make it to space in the physical in there life existence as a human then they leave and begin again. It is an arduous and daunting task.
Those in the past on earth have come and gone before. Some in the future will remember their past lives on earth, in order that they can gain access to the memories so that they will discover that they have been before and will live again.
There is a reason for all things, and all life has a season.
We are to learn to be brave and to learn about how we are to survive on this planet so that we can go out, explore other planets, and inhabit them.
There are some of us that have been sent back to earth in the past to do what we can to assist others achieve the higher levels of being while on earth. We have the inner being and the outer knowing. Sometimes, while we are in a learning process we forget and lose our way.
Some of this is part of the way it has been planned so that we can be allowed to learn more of how to achieve satisfaction at a higher level of existence.
There are ways we can achieve being and the most important part of being on earth is to learn, and achieve wisdom on the inside and manifest the physical attributes on the outside. There is an inner wisdom that we are to portray on the outside while living and existing with others. If we an achieve this goal and provide a peaceful means of support and synergism while here then we can prove ourselves worthy to achieve greatness as part of the whole survival of a species in space.
We become those who in space are taken to new planets to survive, explore, and achieve forming new civilizations so that we can reach out further while the metaverse expands.
We at present are embarking on a journey into space. This is our largest overall mission to achieve our goals together and to focus on what is important.

A large asteroid can hit at this planet anytime and we would be left without a home planet. The memories are returning to allow us to expand our awareness and education as to how we are to manage to work together to head back into space.

This is the mission of the Ascension Center. It is time now on earth for all of us to work together to achieve one of our final goals at this time of our evolution in space.
Ascension is what some of our greatest teachers in the past have taught us. Some of us were aware but we did not have the education. We have to learn how to use our whole system provided by the 46 intelligent being species that have provided part of themselves to create our DNA.

We are part of the future intelligent being species that will inhabit other planets in in galaxies in universes in the metaverse.

In the 20th century, we were referred to by some as the Star People such as those written about by Brad & Francie Steiger. The book they shared was their part at that time. The Ascension Center on earth is mine.
World – Share

If you want to make sure you get enough sleep on Tuesday night, you might have to get to bed earlier. You don’t have to adjust your schedule by much: about 1.26 millionths of a second ought to do it. According to a NASA scientist’s computer modeling, that is how much an Earth day should have been shortened by the subterranean upheaval that triggered the Feb. 27 earthquake in Chile. Some basic physics explains why. (See pictures of Chile’s massive earthquake.)

Every point on the planet takes the same 24 hours or so to complete a singlerotation around Earth’s north-south axis, but some points have to move faster than others to spin the full 360° by the one-day deadline. That is because some parts of the planet are much bigger than others, at least in circumference. The Earth’s equator is 24,901 miles around. The perimeter of the Arctic Circle, by contrast, is just 9,945 miles, and if you stand five feet from the North Pole, the circumference you inscribe as the Earth rotates is a scant 31.4 feet.

Yet in all of those places, it still takes 24 hours to complete a single rotation. (The fact that points along the equator move faster than others is the reason NASA and the European Space Agency put their launch pads in Florida and French Guiana, respectively; fire off your rockets in the direction the Earth spins, and you get a free 1,000 miles per hour.)(See the top 10 scientific discoveries of 2009.)

Earthquakes alter planetary speed in two ways. Shifting plates rearrange the distribution of the Earth’s mass, causing it to bulge imperceptibly in spots it did not bulge before and contract in others.

 That rearrangement should further shift the Earth’s inclination, or figure axis (the axis around which the Earth’s mass is balanced, which is slightly different from the north-south axis around which the Earth rotates) — in the case of the Chile earthquake, by about three inches. The law of conservation of angular momentum, however, requires that even under these exigent circumstances, the Earth’s angular momentum stays constant, which means the planet must step on the gas (or the brake) to accommodate shifting mass. The same thing happened in 2004 with the 9.1 Sumatran earthquakes that triggered the tsunami.

That earthquake should have shifted the Earth’s figure axis by 2.76 inches and shortened its day by 6.8 millionths of a second, according to computer models.
If the physics seems a bit arcane, consider that you probably spent much of the past two weeks seeing the angular-momentum principle in action — at least if you watched the Olympics. Earthquakes change the Earth’s rotation the same way a twirling figure skater changes hers — by extending or tucking her arms in, for instance, to slow down or speed up accordingly. The only difference is that the skater does so decidedly more elegantly.

Watch TIME’s video “Harsh Lessons for Chile and Haiti from Peru.”
See the best pictures of 2009.

UN AND TIMOR-LESTE WILL WORK TOGETHER CLOSELY ON REMAINING

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WAS POSTED TWO YEARS AGO AS A PRENOTICE TO WHAT WOULD COME TO EARTH! TJ
Alien UFO EBE Community
Ascension Center Ebens (ACE)
by Theresa J. Thurmond Morris

Posted 12:30 March 30, 2008

POSTED ON http://www.UFODIGEST.COM

We realize that there are countries that have their on economies and monetary systems that are used in global trade and commerce. We, at the present time, shall not interfere with what is of the past regarding the cultural maintenance systems regarding Folklife and the basics on the food chain such as the basics of food, clothing, shelter for the populace on earth regarding each land mass.

We do appreciate the efforts that have been made over the past few thousand years by those leaders and communicators who have come and gone from earth. The past is simply a way of comparing what was with what is now and what will be. There are some fundamentals of humanoid intelligent beings sentient ascensions species that have been followed in order to maintain life on earth in survival mode. The law of the survival of the fittest has served the basic four levels of existence well, and there have been some concerns regarding the break in energy and awareness on the planet during the fifth level on the planet called Gaia or earth. Therefore, there will need to be further investigation into those who have been acting in leadership roles and the basic structure of how the election process and the order of chaos has been dealt with in the past on various continents of earth.

For this reason, some shall be felling the affects of change during the next eleven months regarding the restructuring of intelligence as a whole as it effects the whole population on earth. There will be a complete rising of consciousness among the total population of earth with the rotation of souls who will be arriving and leaving in humanoid sentient ascension intelligent being species.
All beings from the human age of two years until the age of twenty years will be expected to be attended to regarding a proper awareness of educational training of their environment.

This shall include the understanding that all humanoids are sentient ascension intelligent beings of one species that desires to exist and to maintain earth. Many will call this the education of the environmental generation.
There are those who are in the Allied High Council, that are aware of the Supreme Beings instructions for maintaining order in chaos and there are over 87 species.

The Alien UFO Eben community will also recognize the Ascension Center Education (ACE) as a faith based community initiative nonprofit corporation to be headquartered in North America with affiliated offices in Canada, Grand Cayman Islands, and the Netherlands. This will assist in maintaining open order globally via the global Internet of communication. The Ascension Center will be in constant contact with the Allied High Council who in turns reports to the Supreme Beings. The reason that this form of communication has been established is to keep peace among all nations on earth.

The Allied High Council of twelve are those who have been elected by the Allied Federation of all Galaxies that are peaceful in nature that have formed an alliance to keep peace universally and to organize a war plan against all other hostile forces.

There have been prior attempts made by certain alien species to abduct human beings. We are now able to maintain an open communication to monitor earth and its inhabitants. We shall do all that is possible to maintain an open line of communication to monitor earth for reasons of advancing humanoid species. All awareness of intelligent life forms has been monitored in other ways in the past.

We shall establish a Forum of Communication among all groups that choose to participate with those who are choosing to be recognized as humanoid ascension sentient intelligent beings species. This is a process of awareness and operates within the alliance prime directives of not interfering with each beings own evolution. Each individual being is responsible for its own growth in time and space while on earth.

However, we have noticed that there are many who are awakening to their own raising of consciousness in various levels of the ascension process. This requires that those who have obtained certain level prior to offer guidance and support. This can be a very trying time for some who are desiring to find their path to return to the initiator and communicator of the all that is at the many levels that exist including the Akashic Field and the Unified Field Origin that is just now being introduced to a larger audience on earth through various organizations requiring belief systems.

There are many ways to become aware of intelligence both inside and outside ascension beings. This is one way of becoming while all that is expands and is in constant change. There are many on earth now that is now aware of much knowledge and ways of being on earth. Many are simply stifled in their own belief system based simply on reasons of logistical knowledge, cultural beliefs, science, religion, philosophy, and other earthly human systems of structure.
There are at present many levels of existence and awareness on earth. There are many who are involved in class systems and there are some who are involved in economic systems with structural financial foundations. There shall be a time on earth when there will be a better way to maintain global assets for all but until that time, there will be certain areas on earth that will progress at the same rate of speed based on the leadership’s roles of sharing awareness of information and communication.

The most important asset earth now has is the Internet Structure. This should be preferred with free information dissemination and free speech for all. This above all shall assist in raising the religious beliefs of the past called the dark ages and the controlled ages of information that followed. Religious and Information wars are classed with logistic expanse control wars, continent assets, and cultural expectations. Food, water, shelter, and space to exist are needed to survive. The whole populace of earth is responsible for maintaining enough for all. If each continent prefers to maintain their assets with elections of leadership for proper disbursements then no human being on earth should be found wanting.
If any human being on earth is found wanting of the basics for maintaining survival then those who have been elected by the beings of the location on earth shall be found responsible for solving the situation and bringing peaceful order to those who are to survive in that geographical location on earth. There will still be cataclysms and natural catastrophes of the natural planet that is navigated through the stellar regions of the galaxy in space.

This is known and accepted now by all inhabitants. Being aware of the total expanse as accepted by the total population of earth is now a required basic understanding of human being existence. Again we refer to the awareness of informational training of all those from age two to twenty years on earth thereby offering eighteen (18) years of awareness and educational training. This is to be taught to any living being.
Awareness of being is a basic that should have been taught and accepted by all that are in present live existence on the planet.

There is no excuse for not sharing this awareness of all humanoid sentient ascension intelligence beings. This information and awareness is to be disseminated immediately with the basics of food, clothing, and shelter for all living beings on planet Earth. The next order of business shall be to organize and strengthen the freedom of information among all faith based community initiative organizations, associations, groups, communities, and form an alliance with what is now termed the United States of America, the United Nations and the UNICOR with all nations under God on the planet. All nations are under the Supreme Beings and god as part of the evolutionary progression of beings.

We as an Alien UFO Community and those already a part of the Ascension Center Ebens shall be working together as Ambassadors of Goodwill to assist in this process of information awareness. Each FBCI shall desire to assist all those that can be and a new business plan and pro forma to perform is being written for the awareness and educational process that will assist all over the next few years leading into the date that has been set on earth of December 21, 2012 for a new and better way of existence for all on earth. This should have already been organized in a global way as sure as there is a United Nations and an Olympic Association organized.

This is a prognosticated program for our progeny of earth’s future inhabitants to begin in totality as of December 21, 2012 by all. There will be a twenty-year watch on those born during and after December 21, 2012.

We shall expect immediate improvement of the humanoid sentient ascension intelligent being species on earth while undergoing this evolutionary process. We have come a long way to maintain order in chaos and have strategically placed monitoring systems in locations on earth that are protected.

We have a prime directive to not permeate interference however, a probationary path and timeline has been employed and given to certain individuals on earth to assist in this evolutionary process. It is suggested that those beings and communities that are already awakened to the awareness of the ascension process with a valued date of completion of December 21, 2012 also take into account that there are concerns for the environmental awareness growth process as well.

This means that not only are those participating in the awareness intelligence information dissemination project on earth responsible to those in lower levels of intelligence but also, to those who are already aware of the environmental damage by those human beings who have come before and were not open to receiving intelligent communications of responsibility or for allowing for the growth in the evolutionary process of all humanoid sentient intelligent beings species that chose to come to earth and to employ tactics for the elongation of the survival of the elements of the global environment for the progeny to come afterwards to earth. The Alien UFO community explores experiences and shares news. This is the reason we have begun the Ascension Center Ebens Project in the Alien UFO EBE Community.

The Ebens are those who are a part of the alliance of peaceful humanoids and sentient beings who do not believe in killing other beings and are about awareness and the raising of conscious awareness among humanoid intelligent beings. We are the ones who are assisting earth and its inhabitants. We are the Alien UFO EBE Community and desire to participate in the raising of conscious awareness and the ascension center Ebens on earth. EBE is the abbreviation for extra biological entity.

Published in UFO Digest.

Alien UFO EBE Community
Ascension Center Ebens (ACE)
by Theresa J. Thurmond Morris

Posted 12:30 March 30, 2008

We would like to thank all human beings who have participated in the alien UFO EBE community dissemination of information throughout the world. It is important to the survival of earth and its inhabitants with The Allied High Council of the Supreme Beings.
We the ones of the Ebens are those who are in contact and communication with peaceful beings not of earth’s origin in physical creation now. They have been created in humanoid forms by those who were the original supreme beings of all that is, and all that will be. The Ebens are those who are a part of the alliance of peaceful humanoids and sentient beings who do not believe in killing other beings and are about awareness and the raising of conscious awareness among humanoid intelligent beings. We are the ones who are assisting earth and it‘s inhabitants. We have chosen a communicator who will choose twelve.

We the Alien UFO Ebens Community are organizing under one heading ACRONYM for structural purposes and for the correct order of dissemination of information. The intelligence communications informational organizations and /or peaceful environmental organizations on earth are assisting for reasons of bringing order to chaos while attempting to raise global consciousness on planet Gaia or earth. We desire to work in unison as tonal scales and vibrational flows like music.
We are in cooperation with many non-profit corporations as faith based community initiatives and various countries individual intelligent beings all of the sentient ascension being species. We shall attempt to make the transition of awareness flow as smooth as possible over the next few years prior to opening the portal of time on earth known as the Golden Era of the Sixth Sun or the space in time on earth known as the millennium of a thousand years of universal happiness to begin Dec. 21, 2012.
There are many levels of humanoid sentient ascension intelligent beings and at least five on earth today. There are many countries feeling the one constant in the universe, which is change. We who are of humble origin and are existing on earth choose to participate in the raising of consciousness of the critical mass in all countries and in all corners of this planet, in the galaxies, and in all corners of the universe. Many separate groups in the past have worked to assimilate knowledge and to disseminate knowledge the way that it was understood based on prior belief systems and prior words on earth. This all served those in the past but this now.
We are now about awareness cooperation among all peaceful faith based community initiative organizations that desire to communicate globally on the Internet. We do realize that there are many special interest groups in the world today that are simply interested in their own cultural belief systems and their own understanding of religions of Gods.

Other Articles by Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris:
 ALIEN UFO TECHNOLOGY Ascension Center Project
 ALIEN NATIONS 2012
 Aliens and UFOs Changing Earth
 Andromeda Galaxy is Home
 Alien Telepathy
 Alien Civilizations Exist!: A True Alien and UFO Story

WORLD ASCENSION AGE GONE VIRAL! 12.21.2012

ASCENSION BEINGS of ASCENSION AGE 2012

Because of a Humanoid of the World Called Earth, I am a humanoid considered one of the females of the sentient intelligent being species of the world the inhabitants of the planet call earth. Some regard it as Gaia.

There are many ways to exist on earth and most humanoids are creatures that prefer social settings in families first, friends of community second, social settings in towns and cities, third, and many realize they are part of a larger geographic setting of which is called their region, county, area of their country. Each of us belongs to a country or geographic location as our point of origin.

We are told we share in a comparison of whom we are based on our point of origin when born. There are main continents on the planet earth being that the world has land mass. We choose to live on land although a few locations have some people who choose to live in boats on water.

We are land creatures. We share the world with various types of plants, animals, and minerals. In this time on earth, we use time to compare out light and daytime to that of the dark and nighttime. We divide what we call a day into a 24-hour period. We have from sunrise to sundown as what we call day and the time of the moon from sundown to sun up the night in the dark. That is the basic idea except in some places such as Alaska where they may have 12-hour days and nights or longer variations. Therefore, we on earth divide our daily work and rest periods into what we believe our natural bodies tell us we require.

We as humanoids have a common comparison for our decision-making based on our general ideas and our conclusions based on our own critical thinking. We have decided somewhere and sometime along the way that we all need about 8 hours of sleep and/or rest in order to allow our bodies to heal and replenish the body-mind-spirit of which we are made up. We eat based on our needs for nourishment and have found out that we need water and food to survive. We will search for water and food during the day and will use the dark and night to rest and sleep.

We have also learned to share in our ideas as spiritual beings. We are called Homo Sapiens and Homo Religiosus because men and women of this world have recognized a need to worship gods It is said we humans created religions about the same time we created works of art. We learned early on that there is beauty and terror both in this world.  Things that we find wonderful and things we find terrifying.

This was part of learning how to be in fear of some animals and natural cataclysms that can end our life on earth. We learned that life can be easy or hard, can be full of wonderful bliss, agony, and suffering. We learned how we are vulnerable to the elements and can become prey to some animals on earth. We learned we can be harmed and live through poisonous snakebites or terrible rock slides or severe accidents of our body, our minds, and our spirits. Sometimes, certain parts of life can challenge all three parts of us in body-mind-spirit. We learned to develop prayer, meditation, and ceremonies of celebration and festivity to allow us to be thankful for our good times on earth. Then we learned to have faith in the wonders of life and mysteries in this world and how we excel on this planet as human beings. Some of us chose to write our thoughts down with letters along with the art in pictures.

We are told that the sky people are those above whom many of us decided to worship as Gods and Goddesses because they came and taught some how to live a better life and to grow things and what animals we would want to eat on this planet to sustain our lives. Our world has grown based on our ancient ancestor’s belief systems and faith described in legends, books, ceremonies, and traditions.

We celebrate various celebrations such as our birthdays, marriage to another being, the new harvest of food, and even the change in climates that mark the seasons where some of us live. We celebrate new birth of beings with birthdays and welcome them into our families and societies. We learned to share our family’s good times in communities and we gathered in what we called places of worship in nature and soon learned to gather and protect ourselves from the elements in times of rain and cold winter climates. We made houses for our selves and for worship to share.

The world began religions in various locations on continents around this planet. The most common world religions and ethical systems of beliefs, ceremonies, practices, and worship in center are of one or more Gods. Religions have brought people together and torn them apart.

There are now thousands of manmade religions on earth affecting how people live, what we wear, and how we behave. Here as a humanoid on earth, I live in the United States of America, which is part of the North American Continent. We are mainly Christians who believe in a God and a son of God.

The Christian faith is broken down into Protestants and Catholics, Jews and Gentiles. South America or Latin America is also almost all Christian as is Europe, Africa, and Australia. Christianity is the largest religion in the world with over 2 billion followers. Christianity teaches the belief in only one God. Christians believe that a man named Jesus was the son of God and entered this world to save humanity from sin. Christians believe that are to follow the example of Jesus for salvation.

There are also Muslims of the Islam faith, which is an Adamic religion like Christians and Jews, which all three stem from the belief in Adam and an Angel named Gabriel. Abraham was the father of these faiths. The major Christian Sects are Eastern Orthodox Christian, Roman Catholic Christian, and Protestant Christians are broken down further into Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal, Church of God, Presbyterian, Latter Day Saints (Mormon), Episcopal, Lutheran, Baha’I Faith, and African Methodist Episcopal (AME). There are other smaller religions of Christian belief.

There are others such as Hindu, Buddhist, and smaller number of other religions.

Buddhism as influenced Asian religions, societies, and culture for over 2,500 years.

Today most Buddhists live in Sri Lanka, East and Southeast Asia, and Japan. They believe in Dharma. The major sects are Theravada, Mahayans, and Mantrayana. Buddha is said to have set the wheel of Dharma in motion. Buddha taught that the key to happiness was detachment from all possessions and desires. There is a middle way of the eight-fold path a life between earthly desires and extreme forms of self-denial.

Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest surviving religions and is the major religion of India. Other followers are in Indonesia, parts of Africa, Europe, and some in Western Hemisphere. Hinduism is a collection of religious beliefs that developed over thousands of years. Hindus worship several Gods and Goddesses, which represent various forms of Brahman the most divine spirit in the Hindu religion. Stresses enlightenment comes once a being separates themselves from freedom of desires. Followers will worship, attain knowledge, and live a lifetime of virtuous acts. The sound of “Om” and “AUM” is a sacred syllable of Hindus and is often used in prayers. The major Hindu sects are Shaktism, Reform Hinduism, Vaishnavites, and Shaivites. The three main Gods are Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Vishnu is the preserver of the universe while Shiva is the destroyer.

Islam is the religion based on the teachings of a prophet Mohammad. Followers believe that God revealed teachings to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. Muslims are concentrated in Southwest to central Asia and parts of Africa. Some migrated to other parts of the world. Shi’a Muslims believe that their leaders should be Muhammad’s descendants. Islam teaches only one God called Allah in Arabic language. They perform prayers daily and have the Five Pillars of Islam. These include faith, prayer, almsgiving (Charity) fasting and pilgrimage to Mecca. A crescent moon is a symbol of Islam with a star. The five points of the star may represent the five pillars of Islam. At least once in their lifetime, Muslims if physically and financially able go on hajj or pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. They face the house of Ka’aba or the house of worship that Muslims face in prayer and pray five times a day on their knees. The Muslims have a scholar class called ulama of religious teachers. The Qur’an is the sacred book of Muslims grouped in 114 versus or 114 chapters.

Judaism has more than 14 million Jews. Judaism was the first religion to teach the existence of only one God. The basic laws come from the teachings of the Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Judaism teaches a person to serve God by studying the Torah and living its teachings. Orthodox Jews obey the Torah without question. Conservative and Reform Jews interpret the Torah to make its teachings relevant to today’s world. The Star of David is the universal symbol of Judaism. The symbol refers to King David who ruled the Kingdom of Israel from about 1000-962 B.C. The major Jewish Sects are Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative. The men are not to leave their head uncovered therefore they wear a skullcap or yarmulke or kippah.

Confucianism has no clergy and no gods to worship. Confucianism is not a religion in the traditional sense but is an ethical system that provides direction for personal behavior and philosophy guides of actions and beliefs of millions of Chinese people and other of the East. Thus, many review this as a religion. Confucianism is a way of life based on teachings of a Chinese scholar named Confucius. Confucianism has greatly influenced people’s spiritual beliefs. The Ying and Yang symbol represents both opposite forces in the world while working together. It symbolizes opposites both forces and social order and harmony that Confucianism stresses in daily life. Confucius believed that society should be organized around five (5) basic relationships between the following: ruler-subject, father-son, husband-wife, older brother-younger brother, friend-friend. Golden rule of Confucius “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.” The teachings or Analects of Confucius was brought to or collected by his students around 400 B.C.

Social order and harmony brings respect and good government based on strong family relationships. Respect for parents and elders is important to well ordered society. Education is important to the welfare of the individual society.

The Ascension Center is about Spiritual Intellectual Critical Thinking for ones self and incorporating all ancient ancestors beliefs as in synthesizing all the basic principles of what we have learned from the roles religions have played in the people’s every day lives.

We use comparisons and contrasting from both the left and right sides or conservatives and progressive thinkers to the middle for mediation. Ascension Center is about mediation for the good of all. We believe in the thinking and believing of the traditions of rituals and celebrations by cultures to remember our ancient ancestors at festival times. We believe that each person has free will and universal rights on earth to obtain their own opinions to gain in social relationships with others in the humanoid sentient intelligent being species on earth and in other worlds.

We believe in ancient astronauts and that alien civilizations exist. We believe in alternative assessments that interact with our history and every day living. We believe we are all alien extraterrestrials on this planet. In other words, we are all creations of DNA mixes from those above we all refer to as aliens and extraterrestrials. We believe we are made up of what is considered star people or those from the heavens came. We do not judge and incorporate many of the do unto others, as we want others to do unto us philosophy. We use mediation and believe in sharing our thoughts as readers, writers, composers, and enjoy the arts as much as being educated in the sciences.

 We believe both science and theosophy are important to our future reasoning and critical thinking. We believe in writing about history of our past, present, and future ways of our ancestors and our peoples love and life today. We share skills and believe ourselves to be aware of skill builders in art, culture, education, science, technology, folk history, history, math, and engineering. We study, research, and include personal, professional, and social economics in our global tectonic economics for the future of planet earth and all humanoids that will sustain life on earth in the future.

We believe in sustainability and the raising of conscious awareness for all beings on earth and in space. We believe we are all humanoids of the sentient intelligent being species. We believe we are here on this planet to shift and uplift our own spiritual bliss for the good of all humankind. We believe in the awareness of our own personal education and social education as synergy for the future expansion of the Omniverse. We believe in the universe, multiverses, metaverses, xenoverses, and omniverse.

We believe in Supreme Beings who have always been and are aware of those who visit earth from time to time and have always visited this planet. We believe that some of us have the opportunity to experience life on earth in levels to accommodate the future of other worlds to be created and terra formed. We believe we will someday have our spirits the spark of our creators in the beginning return to our beginning, which is called a soul. Our souls are where we experience the beginning as home.

We believe we as energy are immortal as are our souls.

We believe the Ascension Center is the center of enlightenment for all spirits that desire to return home to their souls. This Ascension Center is the palace of our place of peace for each of us in the internal of our body-mind-soul vessels, as well as, the signification of our external presence of our higher connection to our spiritual souls with a connection to our creators.

Therefore, we recognize those above with those below in the Ascension Center. This is our connection to the source and the power of the force we consider our higher God/Goddess Power.

Some call this force the God particle as energy that flows in and out of all things in this universe.

GAIA

Gaia Hypothesis-Theory-Principle

The Gaia hypothesis, Gaia theory or Gaia principle is an ecological hypothesis or theory proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of he Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth in a preferred homeorhesis.

 Originally proposed by James Lovelock as the earth feedback hypothesis, it was named the Gaia Hypothesis after the Greek primordial goddess of the Earth, at the suggestion of William Golding, Nobel prizewinner in literature and friend and neighbor of Lovelock.  The hypothesis is frequently described as viewing the Earth as a single organism. TThe independent research scientist James Lovelock first scientifically formulated him Gaia hypothesis in the 1960s, because of his work for NASA on methods of detecting life on Mars.

He initially published the Gaia Hypothesis in journal articles in the early 1970s followed by a popularizing 1979 book Gaia: A new look at life on Earth. The hypothesis was initially, according to Lovelock, a way to explain the fact that combinations of chemicals including oxygen and methane persist in stable concentrations in the atmosphere of the Earth. Lovelock suggested detecting such combinations in other planets’ atmospheres as a relatively reliable and cheap way to detect life, which many biologists opposed at the time and since.

Later, other relationships such as sea creatures producing sulfur and iodine in approximately the same quantities as required by land creatures emerged and helped bolster the theory.

Different processes contribute to the overall equilibrium; Lovelock formulated the hypothesis that these processes tend to work together, later naming this self-regulating system after the Greek goddess Gaia, using a suggestion from the novelist William Golding, who was living in the same village as Lovelock at the time (Bowerchalke, Wiltshire, UK).

The Gaia Hypothesis has since been supported by a number of scientific experiments and provided a number of useful predictions, and hence is properly referred to as the Gaia theory. Since 1971 microbiologist, Dr. Lynn Margulis has been Lovelocks most important collaborator in developing Gaian concepts. Until 1975, the hypothesis was almost totally ignored.

An article in the New Scientist of February 15, 1975, and a popular book length version of the hypothesis, published in 1979 as The Quest for Gaia, began to attract scientific and critical attention. Many mainstream biologists then attacked it. Championed by certain environmentalists and climate scientists, it was vociferously rejected by many others, both within scientific circles and outside them.

One of the criteria of the empirical definition of life is its ability to replicate and pass on their genetic information to succeeding generations. Consequently, an argument against the idea that Gaia is a “living” organism is the fact that the planet is unable to reproduce. Lovelock, however, defines life as a self-preserving, self-similar system of feedback loops like Humberto Maturana’s autopoiesis; as a self-similar system, life could be a cell as well as an organ embedded into a larger organism as well as an individual in a larger inter-dependent social context.

The biggest context of interacting inter-dependent living entities is the Earth. The problematic empirical definition is getting “fuzzy on the edges”: Why are highly specialized bacteria like E. coli that are unable to thrive outside their habitat considered “life”, while mitochondria, which have evolved independently from the rest of the cell, are not? Maturana and Lovelock changed this with the autopesis deductive definition, which to them explains the phenomenon of life better. Some aspects of the empirical definition, however, no longer apply.

Reproduction becomes optional: bee swarms reproduce, while the biosphere has no need to. Lovelock himself states in the original Gaia book that even that is not true; given the possibilities, the biosphere may multiply in the future by colonizing other planets, as humankind may be the primer by which Gaia will reproduce. Humanity’s exploration of space, its interest in colonizing and even terraforming other planets, lends some plausibility to the idea that Gaia might in effect be able to reproduce.

The astronomer Carl Sagan also remarked that from a cosmic viewpoint, the space probes since 1959 have the character of a planet preparing to go to seed.  This might warrant interpretation as a rhetorical point, however, as it equivocates two differing meanings of “reproduction” otherwise.

James Lovelock defined Gaia as a complex entity involving the Earth’s biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback or cybernetic system that seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet.

His initial hypothesis was that the biomass modifies the conditions on the planet to make conditions on the planet more hospitable – the Gaia Hypothesis properly defined this “hospitality” as a full homeostasis See Climate change feedback. Lovelock’s initial hypothesis, accused of being teleological by his critics, was that the atmosphere is kept in homeostasis by and for the biosphere.

Lovelock suggested that life on Earth provides a cybernetic, homeostatic feedback system operated automatically and unconsciously by the biota, leading to broad stabilization of global temperature and chemical composition. With his initial hypothesis, Lovelock claimed the existence of a global control system of surface temperature, atmosphere composition and ocean salinity.

His arguments were: The global surface temperature of the Earth has remained constant, despite an increase in the energy provided by the Sun. Atmospheric composition remains constant, even though it should be unstable. Ocean salinity is constant. Since life started on Earth, the energy provided by the Sun has increased by 25% to 30%; however, the surface temperature of the planet has remained remarkably constant when measured on a global scale.

Furthermore, he argued, the atmospheric composition of the Earth is currently constant. The Earth’s atmosphere currently consists of 79% nitrogen, 20.7% oxygen and 0.03% carbon dioxide. Oxygen is the second most reactive element after fluorine, and should combine with gases and minerals of the Earth’s atmosphere and crust.

Traces of methane (at an amount of 100,000 tons produced per annum) should not exist, as methane is combustible in an oxygen atmosphere. This composition should be unstable, and its stability can only have been maintained with removal or production by living organisms. Ocean salinity has been constant at about 3.4% for a very long time.

Salinity stability is important as most cells require a rather constant salinity and do not generally tolerate values above 5%. Ocean salinity constancy was a long-standing mystery, because river salts should have raised the ocean salinity much higher than observed. Recently it was suggested that salinity might also be strongly influenced by seawater circulation through hot basaltic rocks, and emerging as hot water vents on ocean spreading ridges.

However, the composition of seawater is far from equilibrium, and it is difficult to explain this fact without the influence of organic processes. The only significant natural source of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) is volcanic activity, while the only significant removal is through the precipitation of carbonate rocks.  In water, CO2 is dissolved as a “carbonic acid”, which may be combined with dissolved calcium to form solid calcium carbonate (limestone).

The bacteria and plant roots in soils, where they improve gaseous circulation, or in coral reefs influence both precipitation and solution, where calcium carbonate is deposited as a solid on the sea floor. Calcium carbonate can also be washed from continents to the sea where it is used by living organisms to manufacture carbonaceous tests and shells.

Once dead, the living organisms’ shells fall to the bottom of the oceans where they generate deposits of chalk and limestone. Parts of the organisms with carbonaceous shells are the coccolithophores (algae), which also have a role in the formation of clouds. When they die, they release dimethyl sulfide gas (DMS), (CH3)2S, which is converted by atmospheric processes to sulfate particles on which water vapor condenses to make clouds. Lovelock sees this as one of the complex processes that maintain conditions suitable for life.

The volcanoes produce CO2 in the atmosphere, CO2 participates in rock weathering as carbonic acid, itself accelerated by temperature and soil life, the dissolved CO2 is then used by the algae and released on the ocean floor. CO2 excess can be compensated by an increase of coccolithophoride life, increasing the amount of CO2 locked in the ocean floor. Coccolithophorides increase the cloud cover, hence control the surface temperature, help cool the whole planet and favor precipitations necessary for terrestrial plants.

For Lovelock and other Gaia scientists like Stephan Harding, coccolithophorides are one stage in a regulatory feedback loop. Lately the atmospheric CO2 concentration has increased and there is some evidence that concentrations of ocean algal blooms are also increasing. James Lovelock defined Gaia as a complex entity involving the Earth’s biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback or cybernetic system, which seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet. His initial hypothesis was that the biomass modifies the conditions on the planet to make conditions on the planet more hospitable – the Gaia Hypothesis properly defined this “hospitality” as a full homeostasis(see Climate change feedback).

Lovelock’s initial hypothesis, accused of being teleological by his critics, was that the atmosphere is kept in homeostasis by and for the biosphere. Lovelock suggested that life on Earth provides a cybernetic, homeostatic feedback system operated automatically and unconsciously by the biota, leading to broad stabilization of global temperature and chemical composition. With his initial hypothesis, Lovelock claimed the existence of a global control system of surface temperature, atmosphere composition and ocean salinity.

His arguments were: The global surface temperature of the Earth has remained constant, despite an increase in the energy provided by the Sun. Atmospheric composition remains constant, even though it should be unstable. Ocean salinity is constant.

Humanoid Basic Rights of Life

pl.n.

The basic rights and freedoms, to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law.

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION PREAMBLE

The Universal Declaration begins with a preamble consisting of seven paragraphs followed by a statement “proclaiming” the Declaration. Each paragraph of the preamble sets out a reason for the adoption of the Declaration.

The first paragraph asserts that the recognition of human dignity of all people is the foundation of justice and peace in the world.

The second paragraph observes that disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of humankind and that the four freedoms: freedom of speech, belief, freedom from want, and freedom from fear – which is “proclaimed as the highest aspiration” of the people.

The third paragraph states that so that people are not compelled to rebellion against tyranny, human rights should be protected by rule of law.

 The fourth paragraph relates human rights to the development of friendly relations between nations.

The fifth paragraph links the Declaration back to the United Nations Charter, which reaffirms faith in fundamental human rights and dignity and worth of the human person.

The sixth paragraph notes that all members of the United Nations have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The seventh paragraph observes that “a common understanding” of rights and freedoms is of “the greatest importance” for the full realization of that pledge.

These paragraphs are followed by the “proclamation” of the Declaration as a “common standard of achievement” for “all peoples and all nations”, so that “all individuals” and “all organs of society” should by teaching and education, promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, secure their universal and effective recognition and observance.

The following reproduces the articles of the Declaration, which set out the specific human rights that are recognized in the Declaration.

Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of goodwill.

Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made based on the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.

Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6 Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7 All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8 Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10 Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11 Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence because of any act or omission, which did not constitute a penal offence, under national, or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, or to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13 Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14 Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15 Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16 Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17 Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18 Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20 Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21 Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections, which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22 Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23 Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24 Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25 Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26 Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all based on merit. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27 Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28 Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29 Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30 Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Human Rights Day

The adoption of the Universal Declaration is a significant international commemoration marked each year on 10 December and is known as Human Rights Day or International Human Rights Day.

Individuals, community and religious groups, human rights organizations, parliaments, governments and the United Nations, observe the commemoration.

Decadal commemorations are often accompanied by campaigns to promote awareness of the Declaration and human rights. 2008 marks the 60th anniversary of the Declaration and is being accompanied by year long activities around the theme “Dignity and justice for all of us”. Significance

In the preamble governments commit themselves and their peoples to progressive measures to secure the universal and effective recognition and observance of the human rights set out in the Declaration.

Eleanor Roosevelt supported the adoption the UDHR as a declaration, rather than as a treaty, because she believed that it would have the same kind of influence on global society as the United States Declaration of Independence had within the United States.

In this, she proved to be correct. Even though not formally legally binding, the Declaration has been adopted in or influenced most national constitutions since 1948. It also serves as the foundation for a growing number of international treaties and national laws, international, regional, national and sub-national institutions protecting, and promoting human rights.

Legal Effect

While not a treaty itself, the Declaration was explicitly adopted for the purpose of defining the meaning of the words “fundamental freedoms” and “human rights” appearing in the United Nations Charter, which is binding on all member states. For this reason, the Universal Declaration is a fundamental constitutive document of the United Nations. Many international lawyers, in addition, believe that the Declaration forms part of customary international law and is a powerful tool in applying diplomatic and moral pressure to governments that violate any of its articles.  The 1968 United Nations International Conference on Human Rights advised that it “constitutes an obligation for the members of the international community” to all persons.

The declaration has served as the foundation for two binding UN human rights covenants, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the principles of the Declaration are elaborated in international treaties such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Convention Against Torture and many more.

The Declaration continues to be widely cited by governments, academics, advocates, constitutional courts, and individual human beings who appeal to its principles for the protection of their recognized human rights.

12.21.2012 Begins Ascension Age.

We the Ascension Beings recognize the beginning on earth as the day set forth by those above with our ancient ancestors. December 21, 2012 is the present date that we use in time on all earth calendars as the new Ascension Age. The beginning of the Ascension Age and way of believing of our ancient alien ancestors.  

WORLD ASCENSION AGE GONE VIRAL! 12.21.2012

ASCENSION BEINGS of ASCENSION AGE 2012

Because of a Humanoid of the World Called Earth, I am a humanoid considered one of the females of the sentient intelligent being species of the world the inhabitants of the planet call earth. Some regard it as Gaia.

There are many ways to exist on earth and most humanoids are creatures that prefer social settings in families first, friends of community second, social settings in towns and cities, third, and many realize they are part of a larger geographic setting of which is called their region, county, area of their country. Each of us belongs to a country or geographic location as our point of origin.

We are told we share in a comparison of whom we are based on our point of origin when born. There are main continents on the planet earth being that the world has land mass. We choose to live on land although a few locations have some people who choose to live in boats on water.

We are land creatures. We share the world with various types of plants, animals, and minerals. In this time on earth, we use time to compare out light and daytime to that of the dark and nighttime. We divide what we call a day into a 24-hour period. We have from sunrise to sundown as what we call day and the time of the moon from sundown to sun up the night in the dark. That is the basic idea except in some places such as Alaska where they may have 12-hour days and nights or longer variations. Therefore, we on earth divide our daily work and rest periods into what we believe our natural bodies tell us we require.

We as humanoids have a common comparison for our decision-making based on our general ideas and our conclusions based on our own critical thinking. We have decided somewhere and sometime along the way that we all need about 8 hours of sleep and/or rest in order to allow our bodies to heal and replenish the body-mind-spirit of which we are made up. We eat based on our needs for nourishment and have found out that we need water and food to survive. We will search for water and food during the day and will use the dark and night to rest and sleep.

We have also learned to share in our ideas as spiritual beings. We are called Homo Sapiens and Homo Religiosus because men and women of this world have recognized a need to worship gods It is said we humans created religions about the same time we created works of art. We learned early on that there is beauty and terror both in this world.  Things that we find wonderful and things we find terrifying.

This was part of learning how to be in fear of some animals and natural cataclysms that can end our life on earth. We learned that life can be easy or hard, can be full of wonderful bliss, agony, and suffering. We learned how we are vulnerable to the elements and can become prey to some animals on earth. We learned we can be harmed and live through poisonous snakebites or terrible rock slides or severe accidents of our body, our minds, and our spirits. Sometimes, certain parts of life can challenge all three parts of us in body-mind-spirit. We learned to develop prayer, meditation, and ceremonies of celebration and festivity to allow us to be thankful for our good times on earth. Then we learned to have faith in the wonders of life and mysteries in this world and how we excel on this planet as human beings. Some of us chose to write our thoughts down with letters along with the art in pictures.

We are told that the sky people are those above whom many of us decided to worship as Gods and Goddesses because they came and taught some how to live a better life and to grow things and what animals we would want to eat on this planet to sustain our lives. Our world has grown based on our ancient ancestor’s belief systems and faith described in legends, books, ceremonies, and traditions.

We celebrate various celebrations such as our birthdays, marriage to another being, the new harvest of food, and even the change in climates that mark the seasons where some of us live. We celebrate new birth of beings with birthdays and welcome them into our families and societies. We learned to share our family’s good times in communities and we gathered in what we called places of worship in nature and soon learned to gather and protect ourselves from the elements in times of rain and cold winter climates. We made houses for our selves and for worship to share.

The world began religions in various locations on continents around this planet. The most common world religions and ethical systems of beliefs, ceremonies, practices, and worship in center are of one or more Gods. Religions have brought people together and torn them apart.

There are now thousands of manmade religions on earth affecting how people live, what we wear, and how we behave. Here as a humanoid on earth, I live in the United States of America, which is part of the North American Continent. We are mainly Christians who believe in a God and a son of God.

The Christian faith is broken down into Protestants and Catholics, Jews and Gentiles. South America or Latin America is also almost all Christian as is Europe, Africa, and Australia. Christianity is the largest religion in the world with over 2 billion followers. Christianity teaches the belief in only one God. Christians believe that a man named Jesus was the son of God and entered this world to save humanity from sin. Christians believe that are to follow the example of Jesus for salvation.

There are also Muslims of the Islam faith, which is an Adamic religion like Christians and Jews, which all three stem from the belief in Adam and an Angel named Gabriel. Abraham was the father of these faiths. The major Christian Sects are Eastern Orthodox Christian, Roman Catholic Christian, and Protestant Christians are broken down further into Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal, Church of God, Presbyterian, Latter Day Saints (Mormon), Episcopal, Lutheran, Baha’I Faith, and African Methodist Episcopal (AME). There are other smaller religions of Christian belief.

There are others such as Hindu, Buddhist, and smaller number of other religions.

Buddhism as influenced Asian religions, societies, and culture for over 2,500 years.

Today most Buddhists live in Sri Lanka, East and Southeast Asia, and Japan. They believe in Dharma. The major sects are Theravada, Mahayans, and Mantrayana. Buddha is said to have set the wheel of Dharma in motion. Buddha taught that the key to happiness was detachment from all possessions and desires. There is a middle way of the eight-fold path a life between earthly desires and extreme forms of self-denial.

Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest surviving religions and is the major religion of India. Other followers are in Indonesia, parts of Africa, Europe, and some in Western Hemisphere. Hinduism is a collection of religious beliefs that developed over thousands of years. Hindus worship several Gods and Goddesses, which represent various forms of Brahman the most divine spirit in the Hindu religion. Stresses enlightenment comes once a being separates themselves from freedom of desires. Followers will worship, attain knowledge, and live a lifetime of virtuous acts. The sound of “Om” and “AUM” is a sacred syllable of Hindus and is often used in prayers. The major Hindu sects are Shaktism, Reform Hinduism, Vaishnavites, and Shaivites. The three main Gods are Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Vishnu is the preserver of the universe while Shiva is the destroyer.

Islam is the religion based on the teachings of a prophet Mohammad. Followers believe that God revealed teachings to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. Muslims are concentrated in Southwest to central Asia and parts of Africa. Some migrated to other parts of the world. Shi’a Muslims believe that their leaders should be Muhammad’s descendants. Islam teaches only one God called Allah in Arabic language. They perform prayers daily and have the Five Pillars of Islam. These include faith, prayer, almsgiving (Charity) fasting and pilgrimage to Mecca. A crescent moon is a symbol of Islam with a star. The five points of the star may represent the five pillars of Islam. At least once in their lifetime, Muslims if physically and financially able go on hajj or pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. They face the house of Ka’aba or the house of worship that Muslims face in prayer and pray five times a day on their knees. The Muslims have a scholar class called ulama of religious teachers. The Qur’an is the sacred book of Muslims grouped in 114 versus or 114 chapters.

Judaism has more than 14 million Jews. Judaism was the first religion to teach the existence of only one God. The basic laws come from the teachings of the Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Judaism teaches a person to serve God by studying the Torah and living its teachings. Orthodox Jews obey the Torah without question. Conservative and Reform Jews interpret the Torah to make its teachings relevant to today’s world. The Star of David is the universal symbol of Judaism. The symbol refers to King David who ruled the Kingdom of Israel from about 1000-962 B.C. The major Jewish Sects are Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative. The men are not to leave their head uncovered therefore they wear a skullcap or yarmulke or kippah.

Confucianism has no clergy and no gods to worship. Confucianism is not a religion in the traditional sense but is an ethical system that provides direction for personal behavior and philosophy guides of actions and beliefs of millions of Chinese people and other of the East. Thus, many review this as a religion. Confucianism is a way of life based on teachings of a Chinese scholar named Confucius. Confucianism has greatly influenced people’s spiritual beliefs. The Ying and Yang symbol represents both opposite forces in the world while working together. It symbolizes opposites both forces and social order and harmony that Confucianism stresses in daily life. Confucius believed that society should be organized around five (5) basic relationships between the following: ruler-subject, father-son, husband-wife, older brother-younger brother, friend-friend. Golden rule of Confucius “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.” The teachings or Analects of Confucius was brought to or collected by his students around 400 B.C.

Social order and harmony brings respect and good government based on strong family relationships. Respect for parents and elders is important to well ordered society. Education is important to the welfare of the individual society.

The Ascension Center is about Spiritual Intellectual Critical Thinking for ones self and incorporating all ancient ancestors beliefs as in synthesizing all the basic principles of what we have learned from the roles religions have played in the people’s every day lives.

We use comparisons and contrasting from both the left and right sides or conservatives and progressive thinkers to the middle for mediation. Ascension Center is about mediation for the good of all. We believe in the thinking and believing of the traditions of rituals and celebrations by cultures to remember our ancient ancestors at festival times. We believe that each person has free will and universal rights on earth to obtain their own opinions to gain in social relationships with others in the humanoid sentient intelligent being species on earth and in other worlds.

We believe in ancient astronauts and that alien civilizations exist. We believe in alternative assessments that interact with our history and every day living. We believe we are all alien extraterrestrials on this planet. In other words, we are all creations of DNA mixes from those above we all refer to as aliens and extraterrestrials. We believe we are made up of what is considered star people or those from the heavens came. We do not judge and incorporate many of the do unto others, as we want others to do unto us philosophy. We use mediation and believe in sharing our thoughts as readers, writers, composers, and enjoy the arts as much as being educated in the sciences.

 We believe both science and theosophy are important to our future reasoning and critical thinking. We believe in writing about history of our past, present, and future ways of our ancestors and our peoples love and life today. We share skills and believe ourselves to be aware of skill builders in art, culture, education, science, technology, folk history, history, math, and engineering. We study, research, and include personal, professional, and social economics in our global tectonic economics for the future of planet earth and all humanoids that will sustain life on earth in the future.

We believe in sustainability and the raising of conscious awareness for all beings on earth and in space. We believe we are all humanoids of the sentient intelligent being species. We believe we are here on this planet to shift and uplift our own spiritual bliss for the good of all humankind. We believe in the awareness of our own personal education and social education as synergy for the future expansion of the Omniverse. We believe in the universe, multiverses, metaverses, xenoverses, and omniverse.

We believe in Supreme Beings who have always been and are aware of those who visit earth from time to time and have always visited this planet. We believe that some of us have the opportunity to experience life on earth in levels to accommodate the future of other worlds to be created and terra formed. We believe we will someday have our spirits the spark of our creators in the beginning return to our beginning, which is called a soul. Our souls are where we experience the beginning as home.

We believe we as energy are immortal as are our souls.

We believe the Ascension Center is the center of enlightenment for all spirits that desire to return home to their souls. This Ascension Center is the palace of our place of peace for each of us in the internal of our body-mind-soul vessels, as well as, the signification of our external presence of our higher connection to our spiritual souls with a connection to our creators.

Therefore, we recognize those above with those below in the Ascension Center. This is our connection to the source and the power of the force we consider our higher God/Goddess Power.

Some call this force the God particle as energy that flows in and out of all things in this universe.

GAIA

Gaia Hypothesis-Theory-Principle

The Gaia hypothesis, Gaia theory or Gaia principle is an ecological hypothesis or theory proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of he Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth in a preferred homeorhesis.

 Originally proposed by James Lovelock as the earth feedback hypothesis, it was named the Gaia Hypothesis after the Greek primordial goddess of the Earth, at the suggestion of William Golding, Nobel prizewinner in literature and friend and neighbor of Lovelock.  The hypothesis is frequently described as viewing the Earth as a single organism. TThe independent research scientist James Lovelock first scientifically formulated him Gaia hypothesis in the 1960s, because of his work for NASA on methods of detecting life on Mars.

He initially published the Gaia Hypothesis in journal articles in the early 1970s followed by a popularizing 1979 book Gaia: A new look at life on Earth. The hypothesis was initially, according to Lovelock, a way to explain the fact that combinations of chemicals including oxygen and methane persist in stable concentrations in the atmosphere of the Earth. Lovelock suggested detecting such combinations in other planets’ atmospheres as a relatively reliable and cheap way to detect life, which many biologists opposed at the time and since.

Later, other relationships such as sea creatures producing sulfur and iodine in approximately the same quantities as required by land creatures emerged and helped bolster the theory.

Different processes contribute to the overall equilibrium; Lovelock formulated the hypothesis that these processes tend to work together, later naming this self-regulating system after the Greek goddess Gaia, using a suggestion from the novelist William Golding, who was living in the same village as Lovelock at the time (Bowerchalke, Wiltshire, UK).

The Gaia Hypothesis has since been supported by a number of scientific experiments and provided a number of useful predictions, and hence is properly referred to as the Gaia theory. Since 1971 microbiologist, Dr. Lynn Margulis has been Lovelocks most important collaborator in developing Gaian concepts. Until 1975, the hypothesis was almost totally ignored.

An article in the New Scientist of February 15, 1975, and a popular book length version of the hypothesis, published in 1979 as The Quest for Gaia, began to attract scientific and critical attention. Many mainstream biologists then attacked it. Championed by certain environmentalists and climate scientists, it was vociferously rejected by many others, both within scientific circles and outside them.

One of the criteria of the empirical definition of life is its ability to replicate and pass on their genetic information to succeeding generations. Consequently, an argument against the idea that Gaia is a “living” organism is the fact that the planet is unable to reproduce. Lovelock, however, defines life as a self-preserving, self-similar system of feedback loops like Humberto Maturana’s autopoiesis; as a self-similar system, life could be a cell as well as an organ embedded into a larger organism as well as an individual in a larger inter-dependent social context.

The biggest context of interacting inter-dependent living entities is the Earth. The problematic empirical definition is getting “fuzzy on the edges”: Why are highly specialized bacteria like E. coli that are unable to thrive outside their habitat considered “life”, while mitochondria, which have evolved independently from the rest of the cell, are not? Maturana and Lovelock changed this with the autopesis deductive definition, which to them explains the phenomenon of life better. Some aspects of the empirical definition, however, no longer apply.

Reproduction becomes optional: bee swarms reproduce, while the biosphere has no need to. Lovelock himself states in the original Gaia book that even that is not true; given the possibilities, the biosphere may multiply in the future by colonizing other planets, as humankind may be the primer by which Gaia will reproduce. Humanity’s exploration of space, its interest in colonizing and even terraforming other planets, lends some plausibility to the idea that Gaia might in effect be able to reproduce.

The astronomer Carl Sagan also remarked that from a cosmic viewpoint, the space probes since 1959 have the character of a planet preparing to go to seed.  This might warrant interpretation as a rhetorical point, however, as it equivocates two differing meanings of “reproduction” otherwise.

James Lovelock defined Gaia as a complex entity involving the Earth’s biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback or cybernetic system that seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet.

His initial hypothesis was that the biomass modifies the conditions on the planet to make conditions on the planet more hospitable – the Gaia Hypothesis properly defined this “hospitality” as a full homeostasis See Climate change feedback. Lovelock’s initial hypothesis, accused of being teleological by his critics, was that the atmosphere is kept in homeostasis by and for the biosphere.

Lovelock suggested that life on Earth provides a cybernetic, homeostatic feedback system operated automatically and unconsciously by the biota, leading to broad stabilization of global temperature and chemical composition. With his initial hypothesis, Lovelock claimed the existence of a global control system of surface temperature, atmosphere composition and ocean salinity.

His arguments were: The global surface temperature of the Earth has remained constant, despite an increase in the energy provided by the Sun. Atmospheric composition remains constant, even though it should be unstable. Ocean salinity is constant. Since life started on Earth, the energy provided by the Sun has increased by 25% to 30%; however, the surface temperature of the planet has remained remarkably constant when measured on a global scale.

Furthermore, he argued, the atmospheric composition of the Earth is currently constant. The Earth’s atmosphere currently consists of 79% nitrogen, 20.7% oxygen and 0.03% carbon dioxide. Oxygen is the second most reactive element after fluorine, and should combine with gases and minerals of the Earth’s atmosphere and crust.

Traces of methane (at an amount of 100,000 tons produced per annum) should not exist, as methane is combustible in an oxygen atmosphere. This composition should be unstable, and its stability can only have been maintained with removal or production by living organisms. Ocean salinity has been constant at about 3.4% for a very long time.

Salinity stability is important as most cells require a rather constant salinity and do not generally tolerate values above 5%. Ocean salinity constancy was a long-standing mystery, because river salts should have raised the ocean salinity much higher than observed. Recently it was suggested that salinity might also be strongly influenced by seawater circulation through hot basaltic rocks, and emerging as hot water vents on ocean spreading ridges.

However, the composition of seawater is far from equilibrium, and it is difficult to explain this fact without the influence of organic processes. The only significant natural source of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) is volcanic activity, while the only significant removal is through the precipitation of carbonate rocks.  In water, CO2 is dissolved as a “carbonic acid”, which may be combined with dissolved calcium to form solid calcium carbonate (limestone).

The bacteria and plant roots in soils, where they improve gaseous circulation, or in coral reefs influence both precipitation and solution, where calcium carbonate is deposited as a solid on the sea floor. Calcium carbonate can also be washed from continents to the sea where it is used by living organisms to manufacture carbonaceous tests and shells.

Once dead, the living organisms’ shells fall to the bottom of the oceans where they generate deposits of chalk and limestone. Parts of the organisms with carbonaceous shells are the coccolithophores (algae), which also have a role in the formation of clouds. When they die, they release dimethyl sulfide gas (DMS), (CH3)2S, which is converted by atmospheric processes to sulfate particles on which water vapor condenses to make clouds. Lovelock sees this as one of the complex processes that maintain conditions suitable for life.

The volcanoes produce CO2 in the atmosphere, CO2 participates in rock weathering as carbonic acid, itself accelerated by temperature and soil life, the dissolved CO2 is then used by the algae and released on the ocean floor. CO2 excess can be compensated by an increase of coccolithophoride life, increasing the amount of CO2 locked in the ocean floor. Coccolithophorides increase the cloud cover, hence control the surface temperature, help cool the whole planet and favor precipitations necessary for terrestrial plants.

For Lovelock and other Gaia scientists like Stephan Harding, coccolithophorides are one stage in a regulatory feedback loop. Lately the atmospheric CO2 concentration has increased and there is some evidence that concentrations of ocean algal blooms are also increasing. James Lovelock defined Gaia as a complex entity involving the Earth’s biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback or cybernetic system, which seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet. His initial hypothesis was that the biomass modifies the conditions on the planet to make conditions on the planet more hospitable – the Gaia Hypothesis properly defined this “hospitality” as a full homeostasis(see Climate change feedback).

Lovelock’s initial hypothesis, accused of being teleological by his critics, was that the atmosphere is kept in homeostasis by and for the biosphere. Lovelock suggested that life on Earth provides a cybernetic, homeostatic feedback system operated automatically and unconsciously by the biota, leading to broad stabilization of global temperature and chemical composition. With his initial hypothesis, Lovelock claimed the existence of a global control system of surface temperature, atmosphere composition and ocean salinity.

His arguments were: The global surface temperature of the Earth has remained constant, despite an increase in the energy provided by the Sun. Atmospheric composition remains constant, even though it should be unstable. Ocean salinity is constant.

Humanoid Basic Rights of Life

pl.n.

The basic rights and freedoms, to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law.

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION PREAMBLE

The Universal Declaration begins with a preamble consisting of seven paragraphs followed by a statement “proclaiming” the Declaration. Each paragraph of the preamble sets out a reason for the adoption of the Declaration.

The first paragraph asserts that the recognition of human dignity of all people is the foundation of justice and peace in the world.

The second paragraph observes that disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of humankind and that the four freedoms: freedom of speech, belief, freedom from want, and freedom from fear – which is “proclaimed as the highest aspiration” of the people.

The third paragraph states that so that people are not compelled to rebellion against tyranny, human rights should be protected by rule of law.

 The fourth paragraph relates human rights to the development of friendly relations between nations.

The fifth paragraph links the Declaration back to the United Nations Charter, which reaffirms faith in fundamental human rights and dignity and worth of the human person.

The sixth paragraph notes that all members of the United Nations have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The seventh paragraph observes that “a common understanding” of rights and freedoms is of “the greatest importance” for the full realization of that pledge.

These paragraphs are followed by the “proclamation” of the Declaration as a “common standard of achievement” for “all peoples and all nations”, so that “all individuals” and “all organs of society” should by teaching and education, promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, secure their universal and effective recognition and observance.

The following reproduces the articles of the Declaration, which set out the specific human rights that are recognized in the Declaration.

Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of goodwill.

Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made based on the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.

Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6 Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7 All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8 Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10 Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11 Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence because of any act or omission, which did not constitute a penal offence, under national, or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, or to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13 Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14 Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15 Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16 Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17 Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18 Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20 Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21 Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections, which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22 Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23 Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24 Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25 Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26 Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all based on merit. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27 Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28 Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29 Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30 Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Human Rights Day

The adoption of the Universal Declaration is a significant international commemoration marked each year on 10 December and is known as Human Rights Day or International Human Rights Day.

Individuals, community and religious groups, human rights organizations, parliaments, governments and the United Nations, observe the commemoration.

Decadal commemorations are often accompanied by campaigns to promote awareness of the Declaration and human rights. 2008 marks the 60th anniversary of the Declaration and is being accompanied by year long activities around the theme “Dignity and justice for all of us”. Significance

In the preamble governments commit themselves and their peoples to progressive measures to secure the universal and effective recognition and observance of the human rights set out in the Declaration.

Eleanor Roosevelt supported the adoption the UDHR as a declaration, rather than as a treaty, because she believed that it would have the same kind of influence on global society as the United States Declaration of Independence had within the United States.

In this, she proved to be correct. Even though not formally legally binding, the Declaration has been adopted in or influenced most national constitutions since 1948. It also serves as the foundation for a growing number of international treaties and national laws, international, regional, national and sub-national institutions protecting, and promoting human rights.

Legal Effect

While not a treaty itself, the Declaration was explicitly adopted for the purpose of defining the meaning of the words “fundamental freedoms” and “human rights” appearing in the United Nations Charter, which is binding on all member states. For this reason, the Universal Declaration is a fundamental constitutive document of the United Nations. Many international lawyers, in addition, believe that the Declaration forms part of customary international law and is a powerful tool in applying diplomatic and moral pressure to governments that violate any of its articles.  The 1968 United Nations International Conference on Human Rights advised that it “constitutes an obligation for the members of the international community” to all persons.

The declaration has served as the foundation for two binding UN human rights covenants, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the principles of the Declaration are elaborated in international treaties such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Convention Against Torture and many more.

The Declaration continues to be widely cited by governments, academics, advocates, constitutional courts, and individual human beings who appeal to its principles for the protection of their recognized human rights.

12.21.2012 Begins Ascension Age.

We the Ascension Beings recognize the beginning on earth as the day set forth by those above with our ancient ancestors. December 21, 2012 is the present date that we use in time on all earth calendars as the new Ascension Age. The beginning of the Ascension Age and way of believing of our ancient alien ancestors.